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Kohlberg, Lawrence

(205 words)

Author(s): Schreiner, Martin
[German Version] (Oct 25, 1927, New York – Jan 1987, Cambridge, MA, by suicide), Jewish philosopher and psychologist. He studied philosophy and psychology in Chicago, submitting his thesis in psychology in 1958. He learned from B. Bettelheim, J. Dewey, and J. Piaget, and from the philosophy of I. Kant, J. Rawls, and Jürgen Habermas. In 1968, Kohlberg was appointed professor at Harvard. In 1969, he elaborated a theory of the cognitive-structural development (III) of moral reasoning on the basis of …


(704 words)

Author(s): Schreiner, Martin
[German Version] ( Mind, Disposition). Christian mysticism (III, 3) laid the foundation for the specifically German concept of Gemüt, variously translated as “mind,” “disposition,” “mentality,” etc., which it took to be a union of the higher powers of the soul and a connection between God and human: knowledge of God and love for God are founded in the mind, and it is here that the human being experiences his destiny as the image of God. The mind, as the ground of the soul, is the psychic locus of the unio mystica , the union of God and human. Thereafter, the close r…

Church Schools

(977 words)

Author(s): Schreiner, Martin | Link, Christoph
[German Version] I. Practical Theology – II. Law I. Practical Theology Basing themselves on the Christian conception of the human being, church schools attempt to dispense and configurate school education in such a way that the power of the gospel as well as the significance of Christian faith and its understanding of life can become experienceable in the pedagogical interaction of a shared conduct of life. Their legitimation is thus both theological and pedagogical. In their …


(1,869 words)

Author(s): Recki, Birgit | Sarot, Marcel | Stock, Konrad | Schreiner, Martin
[German Version] I. Philosophy – II. Philosophy of Religion – III. Fundamental Theology – IV. Dogmatics – V. Ethics – VI. Practical Theology and Psychology of Religion I. Philosophy Feeling or sense (Lat. sensus, Fr. sentiment, Ger. Gefühl) is the direct sensate awareness of an inward state, in which a unique access to reality is articulated. Until well into the modern era, the term encompassed without distinction both sensory perceptions and emotions (affects, passions, moods). During the 18th century, feeling came to be defined more precisely in its cognitive, expressive-¶ ev…