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Siccius Dentatus, L.

(188 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
[German version] The tradition portrays S. (sometimes different nomina gentilia in the sources) as a plebeian whose self-confident demeanour, originating in his own military achievements, created enemies and who, as a consequence, was perfidiously eliminated. Thus, S. only narrowly escaped a plan of Romilius [1], cos. in 455 BC (Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 10,36-49; 52,2; 56,2), to dispose of him by conferring upon him a military command doomed to failure, after which occurrence, as people's tribune in 454, he had Romilius convicted. Afterwards, h…

Romilius

(217 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name of an old, patrician family, which had already died out in the 5th cent. BC, for which the tribus Romilia on the ager Vaticanus (cf. Vaticanus as cognomen for R. [1]) is named. [German version] [1] R. Rocus Vaticanus, T. Consul in 455 BC and decemvir in 451 BC According to tradition, cos. in 455 and decemvir (Decemviri [1]) in 451 BC (MRR 1,42; 45 f.; InscrIt 13,1,24 f.; 93; 362-65). Livius (3,31,3-6) and Dion. Hal. (Ant. Rom. 10,44-46; 48,2-49,6; cf. Plin. HN 7,102) report that, after his consulate in which he achieved a victory over the Aequi,…

Poetelius

(484 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Plebeian family, which produced a succession of important representatives in the 4th cent. BC (family tree in [1]). [German version] [1] P., Q. Decemvir in 450 BC As a member of the second collegium of the decemviri in 450 BC (MRR 1, 46f.) he is said to have been sent into battle against an incursion by the Sabines (Liv. 3,41,9; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 11,23,1). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [German version] [2] P. Libo, M. Consul 314 BC As consul in 314 BC, P. achieved a victory with his counterpart Sulpicius Longus against the Samnites (Liv. 9,24-26; Diod. Sic. 19,76,1-5). Ac…

Opimia

(92 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
[English version] [1] Vestalin, 483 v. Chr. lebendig begraben Vestalin, 483 v.Chr. wegen Unkeuschheit lebendig begraben. Dion. Hal. ant. 8,89,4 nennt sie O., doch ist ihr Name auch anders überl. (u.a. Liv. 2,42,11); verm. wurde er von den ant. Autoren aus der Verbindung der namentlich nicht bekannten Vestalin mit anderen Personen der Überl. gebildet (evtl. O. [2]). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [English version] [2] Vestalin 216 v.Chr. lebendig begraben Als Vestalin wurde sie 216 v.Chr. wegen Unkeuschheit zum Tode verurteilt und lebendig begraben (Plut. Fabius 18,3; Liv. 22,57,2). Mü…

Menenius

(583 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name einer patrizischen Gens, jedoch sind auch plebeische Träger des Names (gesichert M. [2]) belegt; nach ihr ist die tribus Menenia benannt. Im 5. Jh. v.Chr. brachte sie eine Reihe von Oberbeamten hervor, starb aber schon im 4. Jh.v.Chr. aus. Auffällig ist die Verwendung des Praen. Agrippa, das später nur noch als Cogn. erscheint [1. 19f.]. [English version] [1] M., Agrippa Triumvir coloniae deducendae 442 v. Chr., vermutlich identisch mit dem Consul von 439 v. Chr. 442 v.Chr. führte M. als triumvir coloniae deducendae (MRR I 54) eine colonia nach Ardea. Nach Livius (4,11,5f.)…

Maecilius

(119 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Röm.-ital. Gentilname, etym. verm. aus dem Praen. Maius [1. 185]; leichte Entstellung des Namens in der hsl. Überl. bei Livius (2,58,2): L. Mecilius als Mitglied des ersten Volkstribunencollegiums 471 v.Chr. (vermutlich nachträglich in die Liste eingefügt). [English version] [1] M., Sp. Volkstribun 416 v. Chr. Nach Livius (4,48) beantragte M. als tr. pl. IV 416 v.Chr. ein Ackergesetz, das vorsah, das von Rom eroberte und vom Adel okkupierte Land “Mann für Mann” ( viritim) zu verteilen, aber am Veto von sechs von den Patriziern für sich gewonnenen Volkstribunen schei…

Romilius

(198 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name eines alten, schon im 5. Jh. v. Chr. erloschenen patrizischen Geschlechts, nach dem die auf dem ager Vaticanus (vgl. Vaticanus als Cogn. bei R. [1]) gelegene tribus Romilia benannt ist. [English version] [1] R. Rocus Vaticanus, T. Consul 455 v. Chr. und decemvir 451 v. Chr. Der Überl. nach cos. 455 und decemvir ( decemviri [1]) 451 v. Chr. (MRR 1,42; 45 f.; InscrIt 13,1,24 f.; 93; 362-65). Livius (3,31,3-6) und Dion. Hal. (ant. 10,44-46; 48,2-49,6; vgl. Plin. nat. 7,102) berichten, daß R. nach seinem Konsulat, in dem er einen Sieg über die Aeq…

Nautius

(385 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name einer patrizischen gens, deren letzten bekannten Vertreter N. ( tr. mil. 258 v.Chr.) die Überl. schon für die Mitte des 3. Jh.v.Chr. verzeichnet. Nach Varro (HRR II p. 9 = Serv. Aen. 2,166; vgl. 3,407; 5,704) war der Stammvater der gens ein Gefährte des Aineias namens Nautes, dem Diomedes [1] das von den Griechen geraubte Palladion von Troja übergab, was der Ursprung eines bei den Nautii gepflegten Gentilkultes für Minerva war (vgl. Fest. 164 L.; Dion. Hal. ant. 6,69,1). [English version] [1] N., Sp. Legat des Consuls L. Papieius Cursor, trug maßgeblich zur dessen Sieg …

Tarpeius

(223 words)

Author(s): Zimmermann, Sylvia | Müller, Christian (Bochum)
[German version] [1] T. mons According to Varro (Ling. 5,41), term for the Capitolium, cf. Tarpeium Saxum. Zimmermann, Sylvia [German version] [2] Epithet of Iuppiter as lord of the Capitolium Epithet of Iuppiter as lord of the Capitolium, where the rock was from which traitors were thrown to their deaths in accordance with a law written by T. [4] (e.g. Ov. Fast. 6,34; Ov. Met. 15,866; Prop. 4,1,7). Zimmermann, Sylvia [German version] [3] T., Sp. Father of Tarpeia Father of Tarpeia, commander of the Capitoline fortress under Romulus [1] during the attack of the Sabine kin…

Numitorius

(206 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Röm. Gentilname, histor. erst seit dem 2. Jh.v.Chr. bezeugt. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [1] N., L. Volkstribun 471 v. Chr. Mitglied des ersten vollständig bekannten Volkstribunencollegiums von 471 v.Chr. (Calpurnius Piso fr. 23 HRR = Liv. 2,58,1; Diod. 11,68,8). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [English version] [2] N., P. Volkstribun 449 v. Chr., Großvater oder -onkel der Verginia In der Überl. erscheint N. als Großvater oder (Groß)onkel der Verginia, der gemeinsam mit ihrem Verlobten L. Icilius [1] diese vor der Begierde des Decemvirn…

Larcius

(771 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Name einer patrizischen gens etr. Ursprungs, die in der Frühzeit der Republik zwei bedeutende Vertreter hervorbrachte. Weitere Träger des Namens sind erst wieder ab dem 1. Jh.v.Chr. belegt. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] L. (Flavus oder Rufus ?), T. Consul 501 und 498 v. Chr., erster Dictator Roms Consul 501 und 498 v.Chr. (InscrIt 13,1,88; 350-53). Bis auf Festus (216 L.) nennt die Überl. L. als ersten Dictator Roms (MRR I 9f.; 11f.), ist aber uneins, ob L. das Amt in seinem 1. (Liv. 2,18,4-7 mit Verweis auf die unsichere Üb…

Numicius

(243 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a Roman family, which died out at the beginning of the 3rd cent. BC. Of the two Republican namesakes who held offices, N. [1] was of plebeian origin, while N. [2] must have been a patrician. Considering the questionable historicity of the latter, there were perhaps only plebeian Numicii, although this question cannot be definitively settled (on this topic [1. 20]). [German version] [1] N., T. Guarantor of the Caudinian agreement, handed over to the Samnites in 320 BC As one of the guarantors of the Caudine treaty, he was handed over to the Samnites in 320 BC (Cic. O…

Vitruvius

(1,935 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
[German version] [1] Vitruvius Vaccus, Marcus According to Livy (8,19,4-8,20,10), V. was an influential citizen of Fundi (Fondi) who led the revolt against Rome that was undertaken by Privernum (Piperno) with the support of Fondi in 330/329 BC.  After the failed insurrection he was executed in Rome.  It is difficult to explain V's role in this revolt, given that he was clearly not an unimportant figure in Rome and owned a house there, which was then destroyed by decree of the Senate (Cic. Dom. 101 sti…

Latinius

(306 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Roman family name (Etruscan Latini), a derivation from the ethnicon Latinus. I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] L., T. According to the legend, Jupiter told L. during the Latin War to instruct the consuls to have the Ludi Romani repeated According to Livy (2,36,2-8), who sets the legend that was originally probably not fixed in time in 491 BC, Jupiter told L. in a dream during the Latin War that he should instruct the consuls to have the ludi Romani ( ludi ) repeated; L. finally obeyed these instructions after initially ignoring them twice and…

Numitorius

(244 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name of a Roman gens, documented only since the 2nd cent. BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] N., L. People's tribune in 471 BC Member of the first college of people's tribunes (that of 471 BC) whose members are all known (Calpurnius Piso fr. 23 HRR = Liv. 2,58,1; Diod. Sic. 11,68,8). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [German version] [2] N., P. People's tribune in 449 BC, grandfather or great-uncle of Verginia According to tradition, N. was the grandfather or (great) uncle of Verginia; together with her betrothed, L. Icilius [1], he sought to protect he…

Ogulnius

(235 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Müller, Christian (Bochum)
Name of a Roman gens, first appearing with O. [1]. Later members of the family are politically insignificant. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [1] O. Gallus, Q. Leader of a Roman embassy in 292 BC that transferred the cult of Asclepius to Rome During an epidemic in Rome in 292 BC, leader of a Roman embassy that transferred the cult of Asclepius from Epidaurus to Rome (MRR 1, 182); in 273, member of the first embassy to the Ptolemaic court in Alexandria [1] (MRR 1, 182; for the background to this embassy see [1. 141-145]). As cos. in 269 (MRR 1, 199), according to Pliny (HN 33…

Volumnia

(194 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Wife of Marcius Coriolanus According to a much-related story about Marcius Coriolanus (in which V. plays only a subordinate role, however), when he and a Volsci army are outside Rome, the pleas of his wife V. and his mother Veturia cause him to refrain from attacking his home city (the story in e.g. Liv. 2,39,1-2,40,11; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 8,40-54; Val. Max. 5,2,1; 5,4,1; Plut. Coriolanus 33,1-36,6, but there, it is not his wife but his mother who bears the name V.). Müller, Christian (Bochum) [German version] [2] Pantomime actress, 1st cent. BC Freedwoman (and lover:…

Larcius

(890 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
Name of a patrician gens, of Etruscan origin, which brought forth two figures of significance in the early Republican period. Only in the 1st cent. BC does evidence appear for further bearers of the name. I. Republican era [German version] [I 1] L. (Flavus or Rufus ?), T. Consul in 501 and 498 BC, first dictator of Rome Consul in 501 and 498 BC (InscrIt 13,1,88; 350-53). The written record, up to Festus (216 L.), names L. as the first dictator of Rome (MRR I 9f.; 11f.), but it is divided on whether L. occupied the office during his 1st (Liv. 2,18,4-7 …

Numicius

(222 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Name einer röm. Familie, die am Anfang des 3. Jh.v.Chr. erlosch. Von den beiden republikanischen Trägern des Namens, die eine Magistratur bekleideten, war N. [1] plebeischer Herkunft, während N. [2] Patrizier gewesen sein müßte. Angesichts der fraglichen Historizität des letzteren gab es vielleicht nur plebeische Numicii, doch ist dies nicht endgültig zu klären (hierzu [1. 20]). [English version] [1] N., T. Bürge des Caudischen Vertrages, 320 v. Chr. an die Samniten ausgeliefert Als einer der Bürgen des Caudinischen Vertrages wurde er 320 v.Chr. an die Samniten au…

Latinius

(274 words)

Author(s): Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Eck, Werner (Köln)
Römischer Gentilname (etr. latini), entstanden aus dem Ethnikon Latinus. I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] L., T. Der Legende nach wies Iuppiter ihn an, den Consuln während des Latinerkriegs eine Wiederholung der ludi Romani aufzutragen Nach Livius (2,36,2-8), der die urspr. wohl zeitlose Legende ins J. 491 v.Chr. setzt, gab Iuppiter L. im Traum die Weisung, den Consuln während des Latinerkrieges eine Wiederholung der ludi Romani ( ludi ) aufzutragen, der er nach zweimaliger Mißachtung und folgender Strafen schließlich nac…
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