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Vettulenus

(361 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Sex. V. Cerialis Senator, whose family may have originated in the Sabine lands [1. 325-332]. Legionary legate in the Jewish War under Vespasianus; after the conquest of Jerusalem (in AD 70), he was the first senatorial governor to take over the province of Judaea (Palaestina). Probably in the first half of the year 71 he returned to Rome; suffect consul probably in 72 or 73. Recorded 75-78 as consular legate of Moesia (CIL XVI 22; cf. [2. 30, tab. I, Z. 9; 3]) ILS 988 may refer to him. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme RP, vol. 1 2 RMD I, No. 2 3 W. Eck et al., Neu…

Subrius

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. S. Dexter. Tribune of a praetorian cohort, who in January of AD 69 made an unsuccessful attempt to keep the soldiers from revolting against Galba [2] (Tac. Hist. 1,31,4). He is identical with the procurator et praefectus of the province of Sardinia in 74 [1.80f.]. His name appears again as cos. of 104 and procos. of Asia in 120/121, Sex. S. Dexter Cornelius Priscus [2.154, 210]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Pflaum, vol. 1 2 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten der senatorischen Statthalter, in: Chiron 13, 1983, 147-237. Syme, RP 7, 481; 490.

Martina

(108 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] In the context of Germanicus' [2] sudden death in Syria in AD 19, Martina was said to have prepared the poison that killed him. Allegedly she was a friend of Munatia Plancina, the wife of Cn. Calpurnius [II 16] Piso, Germanicus's adversary. Cn. Sentius, Calpurnius Piso's successor in Syria, sent her to Rome, but she died suddenly in Brundisium during the journey (Tac. Ann. 2,74,2; 3,7,2). Since the poisoning of Germanicus is a fabrication, the allegations against Martina are also without foundation (cf. [1. 153; 154f.]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, A. C…

Doryphorus

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] see Polyclitus see  Polyclitus Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] D., Doryphoros Freedman of Claudius or Nero Being a freedman of Claudius or Nero, his full name was Ti. Claudius D. He exercised the function of a libellis and had great influence on Nero, who is to supposed to have even married him. Since D. opposed Nero's marriage with Poppaea, he was removed by him in the year 62 with poison. His possessions, even those in Egypt, fell back to the emperor. PIR2 D 194. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Bessone, GFF 2, 1979, 105ff.

Truttedius Clemens

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. T. C., equestrian; tribune of the second cohort of the vigiles in Rome; later procurator of Asturia et Gallaecia, afterwards of Dalmatia et Histria; perhaps in first half of the 2nd cent. AD (CIL II 2643; VI 2968; AE 1985, 374);  cf.  [1. 64]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Prov. Hispania superior (AHAW 19), 2000.

Corellia

(25 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Hispulla. Daughter of Corellius [2]; married to one Neratius; Corellius [1] was her son. PIR2 C 1296. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Suetrius

(132 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Octavius Appius S. Sabinus. Senator from Histonium; his father was already a senator. Admitted to the Senate under Septimius [II 7] Severus. After junior posts, legate to the legio XXII Primigenia; took part as dux vexillationis in Caracalla’s expeditio Germanica; governor of Raetia in AD 213, cos. ord. in 214; then iudex instead of the emperor in a province; praefectus alimentorum and appointed ad corrigendum statum Italiae. Governor of Pannonia inferior in 216/17 and of a further consular province; procos. of Africa c. 230. In 240 for the second time cos. ord.; cf. …

Cossutianus Capito

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator at least from 47 BC; in 57 sentenced by the Senate because of extortion in his province, perhaps Lycia-Pamphylia (Tac. Ann . 13,33; 16,21; [1]). As son-in-law of Ofonius Tigellinus was readmitted to the Senate where he accused Antistius Sosianus and Thrasea Paetus (PIR2 C 1543). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2, 1150ff.

Platorius

(266 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.P.Nepos Aponius Italicus Manilianus C. Licinius Pollio Official under Trajan and Hadrian Senator with a lengthy career under Trajan (Traianus) and Hadrian (Hadrianus). From a not especially promising start as triumvir capitalis, he at length gained Trajan's support as praetor. Subsequently, he became curator viae Cassiae, Clodiae, Ciminiae novae, Traianae; thereupon, legate of legio I Adiutrix during the Parthian War; praetorian legate of Thracia, AD 117/8; cos. suff., AD 119, together with Hadrian, from which a close association with the la…

Suffect consul

(321 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman magistrates (Magistratus) were, on principle, elected for one year only. When, however, a magistrate resigned or died during his term of office, a successor had to be appointed for the rest of that year. This successor was called suffectus (from sufficere, 'to grow again'). While by-elections were rare during the Republic, it became normal during the period of the Triumvirate (43-30 BC) and then from 5 BC, to appoint more than two consuls per year from the outset who were to hold office in succession and in pairs. At first, there were usually only two suffecti per year…

Duvius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. D. Avitus One of the earliest senators to come from Gaul (Vasio Vocontiorum). After his praetorship he became praetorian governor of Aquitania; cos. suff. with Thrasea Paetus in the last months of AD 56. In 57/8 he became commander of the army of Lower Germany, presumably through the influence of the praetorian prefect Afranius Burrus (likewise from Vasio Vocontiorum) (CIL XII 1354 = ILS 979; AE 1976, 391). He drove out the Frisians, who occupied the right bank of the Rhine. With the commander of the…

Poenius Postumus

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Equestrian praefectus [5] castrorum of the Legio II Augusta in Britain, who did not follow the orders of the governor Suetonius Paulinus during Boudicca's revolution in AD 60. Since he had deprived his legion of participation in the victory he killed himself (Tac. Ann. 14,34-37, esp. 37,3). PIR2 P 530. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Servenius

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. S. Gallus. Praetor urbanus in AD 62 who had published an edict in the Forum Augusti [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Camodeca, La ricostruzione dell'élite municipale ercolanese degli anni 50-70, in: Cahiers du centre G. Glotz 7, 1996, 167-178 (= AE 1996, 407).

Cingonius Varro

(69 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator. After the murder of the praef. urbi Pedanius Secundus in AD 61 he applied to have P.'s freedmen only banned from Italy (Tac. Ann. 14,45,2). He composed a speech to the praetorians for Nymphidius Sabinus; executed by Galba (Plut. Galba 14f.; Tac. Hist. 1,6,1.37,3; PIR2 C 736). According to [1. 382] he may have been from the Transpadana. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 4.

Rammius

(49 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. R. Martialis. Equestrian of whose offices only the praefectura vigilum between AD 111 and 113 and the praefectura Aegypti between 117 und 119 are attested. In Egypt he had to deal with the aftermath of the Jewish rebellion. PIR2 R 20. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Aedius

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] [M. Ae]dius Ba[ --], senator from Allifae (1st half 1st cent. BC) [M. Ae]dius Ba[ --], senator from Allifae, legate of  Tiberius (CIL IX 2344. 2341); CIL IX 2342 = ILS 944 probably refers to him, consequently per commendationem Ti. Caesaris Augusti ab senatu co(n)s(ul) dest(inatus) [1. 137 ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] [M. Aedi]us Celer, probably son of [1] [M. Aedi]us Celer, probably son of [1], lengthy senatorial career in the Augustan-Tiberian era, which led to the proconsulate of Creta-Cyrene (CIL IX 2335 = ILS 961; [1; 2] 125 ff.]). Eck, We…

Rufius

(105 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. R. Festus Laelius Firmus Senator, son of procurator C.R. Festus Senator, son of the procurator C. R. Festus; the family hailed from Volsinii in Etruria. He is probably mentioned in CIL XV 7525 along with his sons Marcellinus and Proculus, as well as in CIL XI 2698. The family did not rise to great importance until the end of the 3rd cent. AD. The most prominent member was C. Ceionius R. Volusianus, cos. ord. II in AD 314. PIR2 R 157; cf. 156; 159; 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Author of a historical brevarium s. Festus [4]

Macedo

(166 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Indebted Roman under Vespasian, 1st cent. AD According to the Digesta (14,6,1), under Vespasian a M. who was being pressured by his creditors is said to have killed his father so that he could settle his debts. A senatus consultum was therefore enacted stating that there was no option - even after the death of the father - for a creditor to bring a suit against sons who are under the authority of their father and have taken up a loan [1.; 2. 443f.]. Naming a senatus consultum after a person affected instead of after the magistrate putting in an application nevert…

Saoterus

(106 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cubicularius of Commodus, so a slave. When Commodus returned to Rome as in triumph in AD 180, S. stood behind the emperor on the chariot. According to HA Comm. 3,6, he was his lover. For his home town Nicomedia, S. obtained the Senate's permission to build a temple for Commodus and to establish an agon (Cass. Dio 72,12,2). He is supposed to have been hated by the people of Rome because of his influence; that is why he was killed by frumentarii of the praetorian praefects (HA Comm. 4,5). The evidence on his person, however, is probably considerably distorted. Eck, Werner (Cologn…

Septicius

(91 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. S. Clarus, equestrian. Plinius [2] the Younger dedicated the first book of his letters (Plin. Ep. 1,1) and Suetonius his book De vita Caesarum (cf. Lydus, Mag. 2,6) to him. C. AD 120-122 praef. praet. of Hadrian beside Marcius [II 14] Turbo. According to an account in Historia Augusta (SHA Hadr. 11,3), he and Suetonius overstepped the boundaries of court etiquette with respect to the emperor's wife Sabina. Dismissed, therefore, from his post, presumably while he and Hadrian were staying in Britain. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP 3, 1283-1285.

Got(h)icus

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cognomen ex virtute given to the victorious general deriving from the Goths; the Roman emperors from Claudius II (AD 268-270) onwards bore it ─ last used by Justinian and Mauricius (without maximus). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneißl, Die Siegestitulatur der röm. Kaiser, 1969, passim; 247.

Ceionia

(110 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. Fabia Betrothed to Marcus Aurelius, 2nd cent. AD Daughter of Ceionius [3], sister of L. Verus, betrothed to  Marcus Aurelius. The betrothal was dissolved (SHA Aur. 4,5; 6,2) after the death of Hadrian. She was married to Plautius Quintillus, cos. ord. 159. After the death of Faustina she tried in vain to marry Marcus Aurelius (SHA Aur. 29,10; PIR2 C 612; [1; 2. 246]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] C. Plautia Wife of Q. Servilius Prudens, 2nd cent. AD Sister of C. [1]; wife of Q. Servilius Pudens, cos. ord. 166 (PIR2 C 614). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography…

Traulus Montanus

(36 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. T. M. Young Roman equestrian, whom Messalina [2] made her lover for one night. After her death (AD 48), he was executed (Tac. Ann. 11,36,3; Sen. Apocol. 13,4). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Coiedius Maximus

(50 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Presidential procurator of Mauretania Tingitana under Marcus Aurelius and Verus, no later than the middle of 168; he took part in the conferring of civil rights of citizenship which is described in the tabula Banasitana (AE 1971, 534 = ILMar. 2, 94). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mantennius

(170 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. M. Sabinus Cos. suff. around AD 225 Senator. In AD 214 known as m agister tertium of the sodales Augustales Claudiales (CIL XIV 2391). He must therefore already have been a senior member of the sodality. After a suffect consulship he became legate of Moesia inferior, where he is attested from 227 to 229 (AE 1972, 526 = [1. 13]). PIR2 M 172. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 V. Božiloa, J. Kolendo, L. Mrozewicz, Inscriptions latines de Novae, 1992. [German version] [2] L. M. Sabinus Praefect under Commodus, AD 194 Equestrian. Father of M. [1] and M. [3]. Praetor…

Vitorius

(201 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] C. V. Hosidius Geta Son of V. [2], born before AD 95; recorded from AD 118 among the fratres Arvales. Praefectus urbi feriarum Latinarum causa, 'quaestor Traiani' (CIL VI 370079 = 41116). Praetor before 120 [1. 35, n. 22]; suffect consul under Hadrian (before 139 since he is mentioned in ILS 7190) [2. 53, 379-384]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Senatoren von Vespasian bis Hadrian, 1970 2 Scheid, Collège. [German version] [2] M. V. Marcellus Senator, from Teate Marrucinorum, born shortly after AD 60. One of his fellow pupils was a C. …

Patrobius

(53 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A rich freedman of Nero who enjoyed the latter's confidence. In AD 66, P. organised the gladiatorial games in Puteoli in honour of the Armenian king Tiridates [5]. Their lavishness surpassed everything that the people were used to. Galba [2] had him executed. PIR2 P 161. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Tusidius Campester

(98 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. (?) T. Campester. Roman senator; suffect consul under Antoninus [1] Pius in the September/October of  AD 142 together with Q. Cornelius [II 54] Senecio Annianus (see also RMD 106, fr. 37 of the Fasti Ostienses = FO2, fr. S and a new fragment of a diploma in [1]). He is without doubt identical to L. Tusidius Campester (CIL XI 5632 = ILS 2735), the son of the procurator M. Maenius [II 1] Agrippa, whose career was in the time of Hadrian. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, P. Weiß, T. C., in: ZPE 134, 2001, 251-260.

Cosconius

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [II 0] C. Celsus Presiding procurator in Raetia until AD 139 when he was replaced by Sempronius Liberalis [1]; his name should probably also be added to RMD II 94 = AE 1984,706. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 K. Dietz, Ein neues Militärdiplom aus Alteglofsheim, Lkr. Regensburg, in: Beiträge zur Arch. in der Oberpfalz 3, 1999, 225-256.

Tattius

(48 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. T. Maximus. Eques. Tribune of the equites singulares in Rome, attested 142-145 AD. Recorded from 156 until 158 as praefectus [16] vigilum; in 158 he became praefectus praetorio succeeding Gavius [II 6] Maximus until his death in 160. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Sablayrolles, Libertinus miles, 1996, 487 f.

Epponina

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of the Lingonian Iulius Sabinus, whom, following his participation in the Gallic uprising against Rome in AD 69/70, she kept hidden in a cave for nine years, during which time she bore him two sons. Following their discovery, Vespasian had her and Sabinus executed in AD 79. PIR2 E 81. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Mussius

(158 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Mussius Aemilianus, rival emperor AD 261/2. He was of equestrian rank and his career is known partly from CIL XIV 170 = ILS 1433. After the quattuor militiae he became praefectus vehiculorum in the three Gallic provinces, procurator in Alexandria [1] and procurator of the two ports in Ostia (documented in AD 247). From 257-259 he held office in Egypt in place of the prefect of the province; at the same time correctores were operating there. From 259, M. was himself then praefectus Aegypti until 261. Since 257 he had been taking brutal action against Dionysius …

Rufrius

(270 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (P.?) R. Crispinus Praetorian prefect, AD 47-51 Roman equestrian, of whose activities prior to AD 47 nothing is known. At that date, emperor Claudius [III 1] made him Praetorian prefect, possibly prompted by Messalina [2]. As a reward for his commitment to Claudius, he was granted the rank of a praetor and 1.5 million HS by the Senate. When R. was dismissed as Praetorian prefect in 51 at the urging of Agrippina, he additionally received the insignia of a consul. Married to Poppaea [2]…

Corrector (Italiae)

(225 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] At the beginning of the 3rd cent. AD there is evidence for the senator C. Octavius Appius  Suetrius Sabinus as corrector Italiae ( CI) while iuridiciiuridicus ) still held office simultaneously: CIL X 5178 and 5398 = ILS 1159 (under Caracalla); possibly T. Pomponius [II 5] Bassus was also CI: CIL VI 3836 = 31747 = 41237 (probably in 268/9). [3. 221 ff.]. So they had not replaced the iuridici as occurred from the late 3rd cent. These correctores were special authorized representatives, as the description in CIL X 5398 = ILS 1159 for Octavius Appius Sue…

Eprius

(244 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. Clodius E. Marcellus. Descendant of a socially unimportant family from Capua (where the province of Cyprus later had a monument erected in his honour, ILS 992); homo novus. He probably entered the Senate under Claudius, and became praetor in AD 48. After commanding a legion, he was posted to Lycia as praetorian governor ( c. 53-56); he was charged with extortion by the province, but acquitted. Under Nero, he became proconsul of Cyprus (SEG 18, 587 [1]), and cos. suff. in 62 [2]. He excelled as an orator, and under Nero publicly accused several senators, a…

Pollenius

(343 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
(also Pollienus). [German version] [1] Tib. P. Armenius Peregrinus Consul ord. AD 244 Cos. ord. in AD 244. He may have been both praetorian proconsul of Lycia-Pamphylia as well as proconsul of Asia after the consulate. The genealogical relationships are not completely clear; probably the adopted son of P. [2]. PIR2 P 536. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. Auspex Consul suff., XV sacris faciundis AD 204 Cos. suff. Consular legate of Dalmatia, judge commissioned by the emperor, praefectus alimentorum viae Appiae et Flaminiae ter, proconsul of Africa. It is uncertain wh…

Passenianus

(66 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senatorial consular governor of the province of Syria Palaestina under the Emperor Probus [1] (cf. [1. no. 13]); the nomen gentile Clod(ius) supposedly read by [2. 192 ff.] = AE 1998, 1440 cannot be confirmed on the stone. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. M. Lehmann, K. G. Holum, The Greek and Latin Inscriptions of Caesarea Maritima, 2000 2 F. Chausson, Trois Clodii sénatoriaux, in: Cahiers du Centre Gustave-Glotz 9, 1998, 177-213.

Lollia

(230 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. Paulina Wife of P. Memmius [II 4] Regulus, taken away from her husband by Caligula in 38 AD Probably the granddaughter of Lollius [II 1], cos. of 21 BC. Married to P. Memmius [II 4] Regulus, governor of Achaea, Macedonia and Moesia. Caligula took her away from her husband in AD 38 and married her shortly after the death of his sister Drusilla. He, however, disowned her again the following year and ordered that she was never again to have sexual relations with a man. In 48 the freedman Callistus sugg…

Cannutia Crescentina

(26 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Vestal. Sentenced by Caracalla for incest, she took her own life (Cass. Dio 77,16,1; 3; PIR2 C 400). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Hordeonius

(262 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M.H. Patrimonial procurator of Narbonensis under Tiberius Evidently the patrimonial procurator of Narbonensis under Tiberius (CIL VI 92 = 30690). Probably the father of H. [2]; originating from Puteoli. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography G. Camodeca, in: EOS 2, 128f. [German version] [2] M.H. Flaccus Son of H. [1]. Cos. suff. in 47 AD Son of H. [1]. Cos. suff. in the year AD 47 (AE 1988, 325; 1991, 474; [1]). In the summer of 68, already as senex, he replaced Verginius Rufus as legate of the army of Upper Germany. When the troops refused to take the…

Commodus

(1,133 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Roman emperor in AD 180-192. Son of Marcus Aurelius and Faustina II. He was born on 31 August 161 in a villa near Lanuvium. His twin brother T. Aurelius Fulvus Antoninus died at the age of four (PIR2 A 1512). His name was originally L. Aurelius Commodus. On 12 October 166 he and his brother both received the title of Caesar: L. Aurelius Commodus Caesar. He was thereby designated as the natural successor, and the ideological concept of  adoptive emperorship was avoided altogether. For the same purpose, he was admitted into all priestly colleges and designated as princeps iuven…

Arrecinus

(171 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Clemens, M. Praefectus praetorio under Caligula A knight from Pisaurium, praef. praetorio under Caligula (Tac. Hist. 4.68.2; Suet. Tit. 4,2); one of the conspirators involved in the murder of Caligula in AD 41 (Ios. Ant. Iud. 19,37ff.; Suet. Cal. 56,1). Father-in-law of Titus [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Clemens, M. Cos. suff. 73, 83/84 AD Son of [1], related to the Flavians (Suet. Tit. 4.2; Tac. Hist. 4.68.2). Although he was a senator, Mucianus made him praef. praetorio in AD 70; cos. suff. in 73, consular governor of Tarraconensis (AE 194…

Veranius

(402 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. V. Equestrian, made procurator [1] of his stepson Claudius [II 24] Drusus by Augustus; later pro legato of Augustus in Germany; father of V. [2]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography A. Balland, Fouilles de Xanthos, vol. 7, 1981, 81-98. [German version] [2] Q. V. Son of V. [1]. Senator; comes of Germanicus [2] in the East; carried out duties in Cappadocia, and was appointed its legate (Tac. Ann. 2,56,4). In the lawsuit against Calpurnius [II 16] Piso he was an insistent supporter of the theory that Ge…

Cingius Severus, C.

(84 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Cos. suff. before 183, as he probably is identical to the curator aedium sacrarum in CIL VI 36874 (in 183 BC). If his proconsulate in Africa (Tert. Scap. 4,3) fell into the year 190/191 (ILAfr. 265 [1. 864ff.]), he was already suff. in about 175. After  Commodus' death, he as pontifex demanded the destruction of all his statues (SHA Comm. 20,3ff.). Executed by Septimius Severus (SHA Sev. 13,9; PIR2 C 735). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. Letta, in: Latomus 54, 1995.

Anteius

(249 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Senator of praetorian rank (1st half of the 1st cent. BC) Senator of praetorian rank entrusted by Germanicus with the construction of a fleet in AD 16 (Tac. Ann. 2,6,1); although the name has been queried [1] (PIR2 A 727). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Senator (1st half of the 1st cent. BC) Senator, banished and killed under Caligula (Jos. AJ 19,125; PIR2 A 728). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Son of [2], died 41 AD Son of [2], senator; after the murder of Caligula in 41 was killed by the latter's German bodyguard (Jos. AJ 19,125 f.); PIR2 A 729. Eck, W…

Plaria Vera

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of an important Ostian, A. Egrilius Rufus, and thus mother of the two senators M. Acilius Priscus Egrilius [1] Plarianus and A. Egrilius [2] Plarianus. For her possible second marriage see [1. 215ff.]. PIR2 P 447. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. Bruun, Zwei Priscillae aus Ostia und der Stammbaum der Egrilii, in: ZPE 102, 1994, 215-225.

Praefectus Aegypti

(1,315 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Governor of the province of Egypt, which Augustus created in 30 BC after the taking of Alexandria [1]; the full official title was praefectus Alexandreae et Aegypti (Greek ἔπαρχος Αἰγύπτου/ éparchos Aigýptou, P.Oxy 237; ὁ τῆς Αἰγύπτου ἄρχων/ ho tȇs Aigýptou árchōn, Cass. Dio 54,51). The first incumbent was Cornelius [II 18] Gallus, an equestrian; he had three legions at his disposal. The political situation still uncertain, Octavian (Augustus) had him granted by lex 'the jurisdiction of a magistrate comparable to that of a proconsul'(Dig. 1,17,1: imperium ad simil…

Entellus

(46 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Imperial freedman who performed the task of a libellis under Domitian. He participated in the plot against Domitian. His domus and his gardens are mentioned by Martial 8,68. His property became part of the imperial patrimonium. PIR2 E 66. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Manlia Scantilla

(43 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of Didius [II 6] Iulianus, who after his acclamation as emperor (AD 193) conferred on her the title Augusta. According to the Historia Augusta (HA Did. 8,9f.) she outlived her husband. PIR2 M 166. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Graecinius

(111 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] P.G. Laco. Knight from Verona. Successor of Sutorius Macro as praefectus vigilum in AD 31; he supported him in the elimination of Seianus ( Aelius [II 19]); therefore, the Senate bestowed upon him the ornamenta quaestoria. He was procurator in Gallia under Claudius during the Britannia campaign, possibly entrusted with a special logistic function for the campaign. He was honoured with a statue and ornamenta consularia by the Senate in 44 at the request of Claudius; in addition, he received a seat in the Senate as often as he escorted Claudius…

Apronia

(64 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Died 24 AD Daughter of L.  Apronius [II 1], cos. suff. AD 8, in 24 killed by her husband Plautius Silvanus (Tac. Ann. 4,22). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Caesia Wife of Lentulus Gaetulicus, cos. ord. 26 AD Second daughter of L. Apronius, cos. suff. AD 8, wife of Lentulus Gaetulicus, cos. ord. 26. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Vogel-Weidemann, 76 f.

Vestricius

(289 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] T. V. Spurinna. Senator, possibly homo novus, probably of Etruscan origin, but according to [2. 542] rather from an Etruscan family that had migrated to Transpadana. Born in c. AD 25, since, according to Plin. Ep. 3,1,10, in c. 101 he had completed his 78th year. He entered the Senate no later than under Nero [1]. In 69 he was appointed by Otho a commander in the battle with the followers of Vitellius [II 2] (Tac. Hist. 2,11; 18 f.; 23; 36). The tradition after that is silent until the year 97. According to Pliny t…

Matidius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. Salonius M. Patruinus. Senator from Vicetia in Upper Italy. He was praetor before 78 AD, when he acted as magister of the Arvales fratres . He died the same year (CIL VI 2056). An inscription from Vicetia refers to another senator who was elevated to the Senate by Claudius; whether he became a patrician at the same time is disputed [1; 2. 324ff.]. He is either M. or his father. M. was married to Trajan's sister, Ulpia Marciana. Their daughter was Matidia [1] the Elder. PIR2 M 365; 366. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Alföldy, Ein Senator aus Vicetia, in: ZPE 39, 1…

Sabucius

(73 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. S. Maior Caecilianus. Senator; after the praetorship, he took six praetorian offices, including the office of a praef. aerarii militaris, of a praetorian imperial governor of Gallia Belgica shortly after AD 180, and of a procos. of Achaia. C os. suff. in 186 (RMD 1, 69). His grandson, C. S. Maior Faustinus, also had senatorial rank (CIL VI 1510 = ILS 1123a). PIR S 34. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Ducenius

(216 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] A.D. Geminus Cos. suff. 61 or 62 AD Originally from Patavium. Cos. suff. in 61 or 62. In 62 appointed, with two senators, curator vectigalium publicorum by Nero (Tac. Ann. 15,18,3); the issuing collection of regulations, the tax law of the Province of Asia, are now known through an inscription from Ephesus (H. Engelmann, D. Knibbe, EA 14, 1989 = SEG 39, 1180 = AE 1989, 681). Subsequently legate of Dalmatia; appointed praef. urbi by Galba but quickly replaced by Flavius Sabinus. If ILS 963 refers to him, he became proconsul of Asia under Vespasian. PIR2 D 201. Eck, Werner …

Medicus

(92 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Victory title Victory title (victory over the Medes = Persians), first awarded to Marcus [II 6] Aurelius and Lucius Verus, evidently as the result of a victorious campaign against Media Atropatene in AD 165/6. This title next appears as an epithet for Probus, Diocletian, and his co-rulers, then for Constantine, in each case with the addition maximus. The title has been erroneously ascribed to other rulers. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography P. Kneissl, Die Siegestitulatur der römischen Kaiser, 1969, 99ff.; 211; 247. [German version] [2] see Medicine see Medicine

Tineius

(415 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. T. Clemens Senator; cos. ord. in AD 195; son of T. [6]. On the family of the Tineii, s. [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 O. Salomies, Die Herkunft der senatorischen T., in: ZPE 60, 1985, 199-202. [German version] [2] Q. T. Demetrius Praefectus Aegypti in AD 189/190, [1. 489; 2. 511; 3. 138, 143]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 P. Bureth, Le préfet d'Egypte (30 av. J. C. - 297 ap. J. C.), in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 472-502 2 G. Bastianini, Il prefetto d'Egitto, in: ANRW II 10.1, 1988, 503-517 3 F. Goddio et al., L'épigraphie sous-marine dan…

Celerius, P.

(81 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (in editions of Tacitus erroneously P. Celer); patrimonial procurator in Asia to Claudius and Nero (I. Eph. 7,2,3043/44; SEG 39, 1172). At the end of 54, C. murdered Iunius Silanus, procos. Asiae, at the behest of  Agrippina; in 57 accused in the Senate by the Province of Asia; but the trial was dragged out until his death (Tac. Ann. 13,1,2. 33,1). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, in: Splendissima Civitas, Études ... en hommage à F. Jaques, 1996, 67ff.

Bassaeus Rufus, M.

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Of low descent, lacking the usual education (Cass. Dio 71,5,2f.). In the army, he advanced to the office of primus pilus, held procuratorial positions in Spain, Noricum, and Gallia/Germania, and became a rationibus, praef. vigilum, praef. Aegypti in 168/169 [1. 297], praef. praetorio from 169 to before AD 180. He was honoured with the ornamenta consularia and, after his death, with three statues in Rome (CIL VI 1599=ILS 1326 [2. 389-393]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G. Bastianini, Lista dei Prefetti d'Egitto dal 30a al 299p, in: ZPE 17, 1975 2 Pflaum, 1.

Mansuanius

(30 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] C. M. Severus. Legate of the legio I Italica; not identical with Cossonius Gallus (see addenda), as has been suggested (AE 1998, 1131). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Dunius

(22 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.D.Severus. Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography PIR2 D 207 W. Weiser, in: ZPE 123, 1998, 275-290.

Aburnius

(89 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Caedicianus, Q. (2nd cent. AD.) A. Caedicianus, Q., legatus Augusti, probably to a legion in Dacia under Trajan (CIL III 1089); became suffect consul together with C. Bruttius Praesens under Hadrian in AD 118 or 119; owner of the figlinae furianae and tempesinae between AD 123 and 140 (CIL XV 227-230; 603-605; 607-608). He was mentioned by Marcus Aurelius, εἰς ἑαυτόν 4,50 (FPD, 213 f.; PIR A 21). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A. Valens, see  Fulvius. A. Valens, see  Fulvius. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Verax

(47 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] He and his mother's brother, the Batavian Iulius [II 43] Civilis, attacked the auxiliary fort of Vada in 70/1 AD; they were repelled by Petillius [II 1] Cerealis but were able to escape into free Germania (Tac. Hist. 5,20; 5,21,1 f.). Batavian Revolt Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Acratus

(72 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Ἀκρατος; Ákratos) Greek personal name, especially common among slaves and freedmen [1]. A., freedman of Nero, collected artworks at his order in Achaea and Asia, including images of gods with which the domus aurea was supposed to be outfitted; he encountered resistance in Pergamum, only Rhodes eluded him (Tac. Ann. 15,45,2; 16,23,1; Dio Chrys. 31,149; PIR2 A 95). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 H. Solin, Die griech. PN, vol. 2, 1982, 727.

Actis, ab

(116 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Someone occupied with the documentation and care of formal and formless administrative records (  acta ) of a public authority. Ab a. coincides only partially with the designation   act(u)arius , who held a higher rank in public service (Cod. Iust. 2,7,26). The optio ab a. (CIL VI 3884) is a military administrative official of the imperial era; the ab a. senatus (also curator actorum senatus), a senator with quaestorial rank, produced the senate records in the second and 3rd cents. AD; the procurator ab a. urbis directed the office for the acta diurna.  Commentariis, a Eck,…

Calvia Crispinilla

(94 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Woman of senatorial rank, close confidante of Nero, after whose death she attempted to incite Clodius Macer to rebel. After her return to Rome in AD 69, she enjoyed the protection of all emperors, partly due to her marriage to a consular senator (Tac. Hist. 1,73; Raepsaet-Charlier no. 184; PIR2 C 363). For brick stamps from Tergeste bearing her name, see [1. 168], for property ownership suppl. It. 8,38, no. 6; AE 1972, 102. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 C. Zaccaria, M. Župančič in C. Zaccaria (ed.): I laterizi di età romana nell' area nordadriatica, 1993.

Egrilius

(265 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] M. Acilius Priscus E. Plarianus Roman magistrate and pontifex Volcani after 105 AD An E. by birth but adopted by a M. Acilius Priscus. The family came from Ostia. Senator. He rose via the proconsulate in the Narbonensis, the command of the legio VIII Augusta, to the praefectura of the aerarium militare and then the aerarium Saturni 126 [1. 301]. It is unknown if he became consul. In Ostia pontifex Volcani after 105. PIR2 E 48 [1. 285-308]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] A.E. Plarianus Cos. suff. 128 AD pater. Cos. suff. in 128. Vidman, FOst 49 [1. 302]. Eck, We…

Milonia Caesonia

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Vistilia [2], born around 5 AD. Although she was not exceptionally beautiful and was already the mother of three daughters, Caligula had a relationship and a close personal bond with her. He married her when she was pregnant, shortly before the birth of a daughter who was given the name Iulia [14] Drusilla. However, Nero did not grant M. the name Augusta. She was murdered together with Caligula and her daughter at the beginning of the year 41 by a centurio. Nothing in CIL VI 32347 (Acts of the Arval brethren) points to the deletion of her name. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bib…

Pullaienus

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. Albius P. Pollio. Cos. suff. under Domitianus [1] in the year of crisis, AD 90; he was therefore supposed to have been one of the emperor's loyal followers. Proconsul of Asia probably in 104/5. Possibly identical with the owner of a number of brickworks in 123. PIR2 P 1076. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Ummidia

(121 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] U. Cornificia Faustina Daughter of U. [3], niece of Marcus [2] Aurelius. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 827. [German version] [2] U. Quadratilla Daughter of U. [1]. For her possible marriage and descendants see [1. 662-665]. Pliny (Epist. 7,24) describes her as an extravagant woman, who even at a great age kept a group of mimes; in her home city of Casinum she had an amphitheatre and a temple built (ILS 5628). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2 Raepsaet-Charlier, Nr. 829. [German version] [3] U. (Quadratilla) Married to th…

Pasidienus

(108 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L. P. Firmus Cos. suff. AD 75 Cos. suff. in AD 75; related to P. [2], presumably his son. PIR2 P 138. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] P. P. Firmus Office Holder (1st cent. AD) Senator. Praetorian Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Claudius [III 1]. He became cos. suff. in AD 65, replacing Iulius Vestinus Atticus, who had been forced to withdraw; P. would probably never have attained the consulate without this sudden vacancy. He was probably already quite old, at least over 50, which explains the short interval pr…

Statoria

(64 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] S. Marcella. Wife of C. Minicius [4] Fundanus, sister of Statorius Secundus, mother of two daughters, including Minicia Marcella, whose death is mentioned in Plinius (Ep. 5,16). The ara of her tomb was found together with the ara of her daughter on Monte Mario in Rome (CIL VI 16632). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography W. Eck, Tra epigrafia, prosopografia e archeologia, 1996, 239.

Lygdus

(51 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Slave and eunuch of Drusus [II 1], the son of Tiberius. Aelius [II 19] Seianus instigated L.'s poisoning of Drusus in AD 23. When Apicata, the wife of Seianus, testified about her husband in 30, L. was also convicted and executed. PIR2 L 465. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Lurius Varus

(61 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Consular representative who in AD 57 through mediation on the part of Otho was re-admitted to the Senate by Nero after he had been expelled from the committee for extortion (PIR2 L 428). According to Syme [1. 366ff.], he could have been consular legate in Pannonia or Dalmatia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP, vol. 4.

[?Arr]enus Sabinus

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Senator from Interamna Praetuttiorum. He entered the Senate under Augustus, became quaestor, people's tribune, praetor, proconsul of an unnamed province, and finally legate to Augustus, probably in the province of Galatia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography M. Buonocore, W. Eck, Teramo tra storia ed Epigrafia, in: Atti della Pontificia Accademia Romana di Archeologia, Ser. 3. Rendiconti, 72, 1999/2000, 221 ff.

Statores

(105 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (from stare, 'to stand at someone's side'; in the military realm = ordinance). Soldiers who in the Imperial Period belonged to the staff of military commanders and governors with troops. They could belong to the troops from the city of Rome or to those in the provinces. Their tasks are difficult to determine; they might have functioned as letter couriers and prison wards. However, these tasks were probably only an (occasional) part of their duties. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Haensch, A commentariis und commentariensis, in: Y. Le Bohec (ed.), La hiérarchie…

Appuleia

(58 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Varilla, daughter of Sex. Appuleius, granddaughter of  Octavia, the sister of Augustus; in AD 17 she was accused of adulterium and lèse majesté against Augustus and Tiberius but after the princeps' intervention she was merely removed 200 miles from Rome (Tac. Ann. 2,50). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, AA, 317, 327 PIR2 A 968.

Accenna

(60 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [M.?] A. Verus. Suffect consul in AD 125 together with P. Lucius Cosconianus [1; 2]. Like the other senatorial Accennae he was from Baetica; cf. [3. 27 ff.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck et al., Neue Militärdiplome mit neuen Konsulndaten, in: Chiron 32, 2002, 401-426 2 W. Eck, P. Weiß, Hadrianische Suffektkonsuln: Neue Zeugnisse aus Militärdiplomen, in: ibid., 449-489 3 Caballos, vol. 1.

Livinus

(75 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [ - - -] L. Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Nero Proconsul of Creta-Cyrenae under Nero; the nomen gentile of the senator has been erased for unknown reasons ([1. 200f.]; cf. [2. 200 no. 3]). Possibly, his cognomen was Livi<a>nus [cf. 3. 205f.]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 A. Chaniotis, G. Preuss, in: ZPE 80, 1990, 189-202 2 Ergon 1975 3 M. A. Welborn Baldwin, Fasti Cretae et Cyrenarum, thesis Ann Arbor 1983.

Iasdius

(112 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] L.I. Aemilianus Honoratianus Postumus Son of Frater Arvalis, 2nd cent. AD Son of I. [2]. Frater Arvalis AD 240-241. CIL VI 41225. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Scheid, Collège 464ff. [German version] [2] L.? I. Domitianus Senator, homo novus, praetor, several magistr. Entered the Senate as homo novus. After being a praetor he commanded two legions, became curator viae Aemiliae and simultaneously praefectus alimentorum. Was praetorian governor and suffect consul between about AD 215 and 225. Subsequently, consular legate of Germania i…

Vespronius

(118 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L. V. Candidus Sallustius Sabinus. Praetorian governor of Numidia, cos. suff. in the same province, c. AD 176. Consular governor of Tres Daciae (Daci, Dacia C) c. 183-186. Probably proconsul of Africa (Africa 3) at the end of the reign of Commodus. According to Tertullianus [2] (Ad Scapulam 4,3) he treated Christians with leniency. At the beginning of 193 he was sent by the emperor Didius [II 6] Iulianus with a senatorial legation to meet the approaching Septimius [II 7] Severus; at this event he was all…

Sutorius

(15 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Q. Naevius Cordus S. Macro see Naevius [II 3]. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Eppia

(32 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of a senator, who under Domitian allegedly left her husband to follow a gladiator to Egypt (Juv. 6,82-114; cf. PIR2 E 79, F 91). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Julio-Claudian dynasty

(376 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] This term describes the first five sole rulers of Rome (including their families) after the end of the Republic and the Civil Wars: Augustus, Tiberius, Caligula, Claudius [III 1], and Nero. If we begin Augustus' monarchical status with his victory at Actium ( Actium) on 2 Sept. 31 BC, the dynasty's rule lasted almost 99 years, until the suicide of Nero on 9 (?) June, AD 68. It descends from four families ( Augustus: stemma ‘The Julio-Claudian dynasty’): the familia Iulia, familia Octavia, familia Claudia and familia Domitia. But in reality the dynasty unfolded al…

Lappius

(176 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A. Bucius L. Maximus. Senator. Legate of the legio VIII Augusta at Argentorate around AD 77/78; Proconsul of Pontus-Bithynia under Domitian [1]. Suffect consul in 86, then consular legate in Germania inferior. When Antonius Saturninus revolted against Domitian at Mainz in late 88/early 89, L. put down the rebellion with his provincial troops; L. is described on his wife's funerary inscription (CIL VI 1347 = 37049 = ILS 1006) as confector belli Germanici, indicating acceptance of the official propaganda according to which the uprising was in reality a …

Tres militiae

(276 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A schedule of promotion for equestrians ( equites Romani ) as commanders of auxiliary units and legions developed in the Roman army from the early Imperial period. In many cases, it comprised three steps. Although Claudius [III 1] had set the sequence: praefectus cohortis - praefaectus alae - tribunus militum (Suet. Claud. 25,1), from the end of the Julio-Claudian dynasty the normal order became: praefectus cohortis (commander of a cohort of 500 men; praefectus ), - tribunus [4] militum with a legion (or a cohors civium Romanorum), and finally praefectus alae (commande…

Attia Viriola

(45 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] From a noble family, married to a senator of praetorian rank. When she was disowned by her 80-year-old father, Pliny represented her case before the centumviri (Plin. Ep. 6,33); cf. [1. 700f.]. PIR2 A 1370. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 Syme, RP 2.

Maecianus

(65 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Avidius M., son of the usurper Avidius [1] Cassius, was iuridicus Alexandriae in AD 175; killed towards the end of the revolt by the soldiers; his mother was a Maecia ( Maecius). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography A. R. Birley, Marcus Aurelius, 21987, 192 PIR2 A 1406 R. Syme, Avidius Cassius - His Rank, Age and Quality, in: Bonner Historia-Augusta-Colloquium 1984/85, 1987, 218.

Futius

(107 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Q. Futius Cos. suff. probably in the time of Claudius Cos. suff. probably in the time of Claudius. PIR2 F 605; Vidman, FO2 72. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] F. Longus Proconsul of Achaea Proconsul of Achaea; the period cannot be established precisely (AE 1973, 495 = 1974, 601). Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Q. F. Lusius Saturninus Cos. suff. probably AD 41 Cos. suff. with M. Seius Varanus, probably in July AD 41 ([1] = AE 1984, 228). At the instigation of Suillius, Claudius had him executed in 43. PIR2 L 449. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 G.…

Danacia

(19 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] D. Quartilla Aureliana Wife of the senator Aiacius (AE 1968, 518, 523). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vibidius Virro

(80 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Homo novus, perhaps from Corfinium. No later than 9 BC he was a member of the Senate (Frontin. Aq. 129). Tiberius [1] made him, together with others, leave the Senate, since he had become impoverished by his way of life and no longer owned the minimum required for a Senator (Tac. Ann. 2,48,3). His daughter was Vibidia. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography R. Syme, Ten Studies in Tacitus, 1970, 76 f. T. P. Wiseman, New Men in the Roman Senate, 1971, 273.

Hormus

(54 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] (Flavius) H. was Vespasian's freedman, who accompanied the Flavian troops during their advance into Italy and had great influence besides  Antonius [II 13] Primus (Tac. Hist. 3,12,3; 28,1). He was rewarded by the Senate with the equestrian rank on 1 January AD 70. Tac. Hist. 4,39,1; PIR2 H 204. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vistilius

(83 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Sex. V. Senator at the time of Augustus and Tiberius who rose to the rank of praetor; from Iguvium. Closely connected with Nero Claudius [II 24] Drusus the Elder, he was received by Tiberius [II 1] into his circle of amici ( Amicitia ). Repudiated by Tiberius because of a pamphlet against Caligula he had allegedly written he took his life (Tac. Ann. 6,9,2). Probably a brother of Vistilia [2], father of Vistilia [1]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography Syme, RP 2, 810 f.

Ennia Aequa

(31 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Wife of L. Vitrasius Flamininus, cos. suff. in 122, mother of L. Vitrasius Ennius Aequus. CIL X 4123 = Camodeca, EOS I 531. Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Vespasia Polla

(57 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] Daughter of Vespasius Pollio from Nursia. Married to Flavius [II 39] Sabinus, the father of her three children, including T. Flavius [II 40] Sabinus and the later emperor Vespasian (Vespasianus, with stemma). Since her brother had been a senator, she also moved her sons to this career (Suet. Vesp. 1,3; 2,2). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Baebia

(44 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] B. Galla, wife of procurator Q. Licinius Silvanus Granianus, flaminica in Hispania Tarraconensis (AE 1929, 232 = RIT 321); mother of a consular by the same name who served in the year 106 (see PIR2 L 247). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Anicetus

(172 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] (Domitius?) A. Freedman of Nero Freedman of Nero (or Agrippina?) and his tutor, who did not stand in Agrippina's favour (Tac. Ann. 14,3,3; Cass. Dio 62,13,2). As praefect of the fleet of Misenum, he tried in 59 at Nero's command to murder Agrippina during a staged shipwreck; after his efforts failed, he had her killed by the soldiers in his fleet (Tac. Ann. 14,7,5; 8,2-5; Cass. Dio 62,13,2-5). At Nero's prompting, he admitted committing adultery with Octavia; therefore he was formal…

Thyrsus

(35 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] A freed slave of Octavianus; after the Battle of Actium, sent on secret orders to Cleopatra [II 12], but sent back again by M. Antonius [I 9] (Cass. Dio 51,8,6; 51,9,5 f.). Eck, Werner (Cologne)

Burbuleius

(76 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] L.B. Optatus Ligarianus, senator. A long career led him via the prefecture of the aerarium Saturni to the suffect consulate (probably AD 135, AE 1983, 517). Finally he was legate of Cappadocia from c. 137-140 [1. 182ff.] and Syria, where he died (CIL X 6006 = ILS 1066; cf. AE 1983, 157 = [2. 121]). Eck, Werner (Cologne) Bibliography 1 W. Eck, Jahres- und Provinzialfasten, in: Chiron 13, 1983 2 H. Solin, Analecta Epigraphica, in: Arctos 18, 1984.

Macer

(171 words)

Author(s): Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Licinius M., C. see Licinius [I 30] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [2] Licinius M. Calvus, C. see Licinius [I 31] Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [3] Correspondent of the younger Pliny, end of the 1st cent. AD Correspondent of the younger Plinius (Plin. Ep. 6,24). Probably identical to P. Calpurnius [II 11]. Eck, Werner (Cologne) [German version] [4] [- - -]cius Macer Cos. suff. in AD 100 Cos. suff. in AD 100 [1. 45, 94]; identification with other senators who bear the name M. during this period is not possible: M., curator viae Appiae in 95; M., Imperial…
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