agṓn). [German version] I. Term From the Homeric epics onward,
agon meant a '(place of) assembly' and a '(place of) contest'.
Agon as contest was not restricted to sporting and artistic competitions, but could also denote a legal battle (Dem. Or. 15,30), a difficult challenge (Soph. Trach. 159), a great effort (Hdt. 7,209) or a hazardous ordeal (Xen. Cyr. 3,3,44). Associated terms were used in corresponding ways: ἀγωνίζεσθαι (
agōnízesthai, 'to contend for a prize, to compete'), ἀγωνιστής (
agōnistḗs, 'competitor, combatant'), ἀγώνισμα (
agṓnisma, '(object/prize of) con…