[German Version] Oct 11, 1675, Norwich – May 17, 1729, Leicestershire), an exponent of rationalist and liberal theology in the 18th century. Clarke studied in Cambridge where he came under the influence of I. Newton. In
A Demonstration of the Being and Attributes of God (1705) Clarke defended a cosmological proof of the existence of God, which was based on the necessity of explaining why contingent being exists.
A Discourse concerning the Unchangeable Obligations of Natural Religion argues that the principles of morality can be discerned by reason without reliance on faith and revelation. According to
Scripture Doctrine of the Trinity the orthodox views of the Trinity are insufficiently grounded, which provoked accusations of Arianism (Arius/Arianism) and heresy. In his correspondence with G.W. Leibniz (1717) Clarke argues against determinist philosophies and defends free will. Peter Byrne Bibliography