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Established church

(2,553 words)

Author(s): Schima, Stefan
1. Terminology The term  established church denotes a dominant church within the fabric of a territory’s religious communities that has to cooperate with the authority of the state in extensive areas. In countries with an established church, the state is typically deeply involved in the legislation of the church and in appointments to its most important offices. Closely related to the term  established church are the terms state churchimperial churchLandeskirche, national church, people’s church, and  state religion. Only rarely can a clear line be drawn bet…
Date: 2019-10-14

Staatskirche

(2,364 words)

Author(s): Schima, Stefan
1. BegrifflichkeitenUnter S. wird eine im Gefüge der Religionsgemeinschaften eines Territoriums dominierende Kirche verstanden, die mit der Staatsgewalt in weiten Bereichen zu kooperieren hat. In Ländern mit S. ist der Staat typischerweise eng in die Gesetzgebung der betreffenden S. und in die Besetzung ihrer wichtigsten Ämter einbezogen. In engem Zusammenhang mit der Bezeichnung S. stehen auch die Begriffe Reichskirche, Landeskirche, Nationalkirche, Volkskirche und Staatsreligion. Nur selten kann eine deutliche Abgrenzung zur S. erzielt werden.Die Bezeichnung Reichski…
Date: 2019-11-19

Episcopal Titles

(878 words)

Author(s): Rees, Wilhelm | Ohme, Heinz | Müller, Ludger | Pree, Helmuth | Schima, Stefan | Et al.
[German Version] I. Auxiliary Bishop – II. Chorbishop – III. Regional Bishop – IV. Suffragan Bishop – V. Titular Bishop – VI. Vicar Bishop I. Auxiliary Bishop An auxiliary bishop is a bishop appointed at the request of a diocesan bishop to assist him in administration of the diocese. His rights, duties, and official functions are defined by canon law ( CIC cc. 403–411) and his letter of appointment. An auxiliary bishop is a member of the Bishops' Conference. Unlike a coadjutor, an auxiliary bishop does not have the right of succession. Wilhelm Rees Bibliography J. Listl, “Koadjutor-…