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Philosophy of Mind

(483 words)

Author(s): Stephan, Achim
[German Version] In the past five decades, the philosophy of mind has developed into an extremely active philosophical discipline. With philosophical psychology, it addresses the fundamental questions generated by the enormous progress ma…

Information

(834 words)

Author(s): Stephan, Achim | Leiner, Martin
[German Version] I. Philosophy – II. Ethics I. Philosophy In colloquial usage, the term “information” is often employed in the sense of “disclosure” or “message.” Various media can convey the same information: A x-ray conveys information to a physician that his or her patient is suffering from lung cancer and then the physician can inform the patient in a …

Constructivism

(501 words)

Author(s): Stephan, Achim
[German Version] Generally speaking, the term constructivism denotes positions that focus on the concept of construction as a constitutive aspect of their theory of human (cultural) products, whether these be artworks, scientific or philosophical theories, or mental states and processes such …

Cognitive Science

(372 words)

Author(s): Stephan, Achim
[German Version] is still a young discipline. It originated in the 1970s as an integrative research initiative combining the scholarly approaches from a wide vari¶ ety of fields such as psychology (esp. developmental and cognitive psychology), linguistics, computer science (…

Functionalism

(1,146 words)

Author(s): Jödicke, Ansgar | Stephan, Achim | Loder, James E.
[German Version] I. Science of Religion – II. Philosophy – III. Practical Theology I. Science of Religion A functional analysis describes the parts of a system on the basis of their fun…

Artificial Intelligence

(2,279 words)

Author(s): Foerst, Anne | Stephan, Achim
[German Version] I. Science – II. Philosophy – III. Ethics

Connectionism

(263 words)

Author(s): Stephan, Achim
[German Version] is a relatively new paradigm of cognitive science. Instead of reducing mental …