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Mieza

(98 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[English version] (Μίεζα). Alte maked. Stadt zw. Beroia [1] und Edessa [1] wohl beim h. Naoussa, genaue Lage unbekannt. Am Nymphaion von M. unterrichtete Aristoteles [6] den jungen Alexander d.Gr. (Plut. Alexandros 7). Aus M. stammte Peukestas, der triērárchēs Alexanders (Arr. Ind. 18,6; [2. 318f. Nr. 634]). Im 3. Jh. v.Chr. hatte M. städtischen Status und empfing theōroí von Delphoi [1. 17 Z. 59]. Vgl. auch Plin. nat. 4,34; Ptol. 3,12,36. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 A. Plassart, Inscriptions de Delphes. La liste des Théodorokes, in: BCH 45…

Kalindoia

(118 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[English version] (Καλίνδοια). Stadt in Mygdonia/Makedonia bei h. Kalamoton. Im 5. Jh.v.Chr. Teil der Bottike (IG I3 76), war K. um 360 v.Chr. wohl noch selbständig (IG IV2 1, 94 Ib 13), dürfte aber unter Philippos II. maked. Königsland geworden und mit Nachbarorten von Alexander d.Gr. an maked. Siedler als “Schenkung” ( dōreá) abgegeben worden sein (SEG 36, 626). Spätestens unter Augustus war K. autonome Stadt mit Rat, Ekklesia und Politarchai (SEG 35, 744). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography R.M. Errington, Neue epigraphische Belege für Madekonien z.Z…

Prasias limne

(46 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[English version] (Πρασιὰς λίμνη). See im Tal des Strymon (h. Limni Kerkinis/Griechenland). Hier wohnten Paiones in Pfahlbauten, wie sie Hdt. 5,15 f. schildert. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography N. G. L. Hammond, A History of Macedonia, Bd. 1, 1972, 193 f.  Müller, 89 f.

Leibethra

(137 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[English version] (Λείβεθρα). Maked. Stadt zw. Dion [II 2] und Herakleion [2] beim h. Leptokarya (vgl. Strab. 7, fr. 18); ihr Territorium grenzte an Gonnoi [1. Nr. 2]. Im 3. Jh.v.Chr. galt L. als autonom, da es delph. theōroí (“Gesandte”) empfing [2. 17 Z. 52], ging aber offenbar in der röm. Kolonie Dion [II 2] auf (CIL III 591). Nach Strab. 9,2,25 war L. den Musen heilig; Pausanias hörte in Larisa die Gesch., daß Orpheus in L. begraben worden sei, doch seien nach einer schweren Überschwemmung seine Knochen nach Dion gebracht wo…

Kyrrhos

(393 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Gerber, Jörg (Bochum)
(Κύρρος). [English version] [1] Stadt in Makedonien Maked. Stadt beim h. Aravissos zw. Pella und Edessa, existierte schon im 5. Jh.v.Chr. (Thuk. 2,100,1); sollte Bauplatz eines der von Alexander d.Gr. angeblich geplanten Riesentempel werden (Diod. 18,4,5); halbfertige Bauteile in einem ant. Steinbruch bei K. könnten mit diesem Bauvorhaben zusammenhängen [1]. Eine unveröffentlichte Inschr. (vgl. [2]) belegt eine polit. Gemeinde, die sich um Straßen- und sonstige Baumaßnahmen kümmerte. Unter den maked. P…

Apollonia

(1,420 words)

Author(s): Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Manganaro, Giacomo (Sant' Agata li Battiata) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Et al.
(Ἀπολλωνία). [English version] [1] Stadt im südl. Illyricum Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Attisch-Delischer Seebund | Kolonisation | Makedonia, Makedones | Perserkriege | Punische Kriege | Straßen Stadt im südl. Illyricum, in der Ant. am Nordufer des Aoos ca. 6 km vom Meer entfernt, beim h. Pojani (Albanien). Von Korinthern Anf. des 6. Jhs. v. Chr. unter Beteiligung von Korkyra gegr. (mythischer Oikistes Gylax). Hdt. 9,93-95, Paus. 5,22,3 f. und Inschr. bezeugen den Reichtum von A. im 5. Jh. v. Chr.; zur …

Herakleia

(2,242 words)

Author(s): Kramolisch, Herwig (Eppelheim) | Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Kalcyk, Hansjörg (Petershausen) | Peschlow-Bindokat, Anneliese (Berlin) | Kaletsch, Hans (Regensburg) | Et al.
(Ἡράκλεια). [English version] [1] H. Trachinia Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Aitoloi, Aitolia | Bildung | Peloponnesischer Krieg (Ἡράκλεια ἡ Τραχινία). Stadt auf einem Felsen links von und über dem Ausgang der Schlucht des Asopos [1] in die Spercheiosebene, an der Süd- und Westflanke durch tiefe Bachbetten von der Oite (Oitaioi, Oite) getrennt, wo die Trachinischen Felsen mit zahlreichen Grabhöhlen aufragen. Die Unterstadt ist h. restlos verschwunden. H. wurde 426 v.Chr. von den Spartanern, die v…

Lynkos

(80 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[English version] (Λύγκος). Obermaked. Landschaft nördl. von Eordaia und Orestis, deren Bewohner Lynkēstaí gen. wurden. Im 5. Jh.v.Chr. war L. noch nicht von den maked. Argeadenkönigen in ihren Machbereich integriert (Thuk. 2,99,2; 4,83,1), was wohl erst unter Philippos II. geschah, der evtl. die bed. Stadt Herakleia [2] gründete. Die via Egnatia führte durch L. [1. 14-22]. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 L. Gounaropoulou, M.B. Hatzopoulos, Les milliaires de la voie egnatienne... , 1985. F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 256-258…

Erigon

(38 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Ἐριγών; Erigṓn). Largest tributary of the  Axius, flows through the Macedonian regions of Lyncestis, Pelagonia and Derriopus, mouth near Stobi; today's Crna Reka. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 292.

Chalastra

(91 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
(Χαλάστρα; Chalástra). [German version] [1] City at the mouth of the Axius City at the mouth of the Axius (Str. 7 fr. 20; 23; cf. Hdt. 7,123), identified by Hecataeus as belonging to Thrace (Steph. Byz. s.v.). The population was recruited for the foundation of Thessalonica (Str. 7 fr. 21). Not located. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 199. [German version] [2] Lake Natron-bearing lake, probably near the town of the same name (Steph. Byz. s.v.; Plin. HN 31,107; Suda s.v.). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)

Cambounia

(64 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Καμβούνια; Kamboúnia). Mountainous region in northern Greece west of Mt. Olympus, which separated the Macedonian region of  Elimea from the tripolis of the Perrhaebi, and forms the southern watershed of the  Haliacmon. The easiest way to cross the C. was via the pass of Volustana (918 m) (cf. Liv. 42,53,6; 44,2,10). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography B. Saria, s.v. Volustana, RE 9A, 906.

Beroea

(1,229 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | von Bredow, Iris (Bietigheim-Bissingen) | Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
(Βέροια; Béroia). [German version] [1] In Macedonia This item can be found on the following maps: Christianity | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Education / Culture In Macedonia. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) [German version] A. Hellenistic and Roman periods City in Macedonian  Bottice, east of the Bermium; now Verria. First mentioned in the 5th cent. BC (Thuc. 1,61,4), B. had its development, like many Macedonian cities, principally in the Hellenistic period; the Antigonids seem to have particularly favoured…

Lydias

(78 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Λυδίας; Lydías). Navigable river in Macedon (supplied by the nowadays dried Lake Loudias), which connected Pella with the sea (Str. 7, fr. 20; 22). Mentioned already by Hecat. FGrH 1 F 147 and Scyl. 66. The mouth appears to have shifted to the north in antiquity, since Hdt. 7,127 reports a common mouth of the L. and the Haliacmon. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 101f., 125 map 2.

Doberus

(75 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Δόβηρος; Dóbēros). City in Paeonia, probably in the valley of the Strymon. Place of assembly for Sitalces' assault on the Macedonian kingdom in 432 BC (Thuc. 2,98,2). Absorbed into Macedon (possibly under Philip II), D. became a civitas of the Roman province of Macedonia (Plin. HN 4,35). Pillaged by the Goths in AD 267 (Zos. 1,43); diocese (Council of Chalcedon). Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 328f.

Dion

(2,219 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Kalcyk, Hansjörg (Petershausen) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing) | Et al.
[German version] I. Persons (Δίων; Díōn) Meister, Klaus (Berlin) [German version] [I 1] Close friend of Plato and defender of his philosophy Son of Hipparinus, brother-in-law and son-in-law of Dionysius I of Syracuse, b. 409 BC, close friend of Plato and defender of his philosophy since Plato's first visit to Syracuse in 388. He gained prestige and wealth as Dionysius' I' trusted friend and advisor and also remained an influential person under Dionysius II. In 366, he arbitrated the peace with Carthage and called Pl…

Mieza

(114 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] (Μίεζα; Míeza). An ancient Macedonian town between Beroea [1] and Edessa [1], probably near modern Naoussa, its exact location is unknown. Aristotle [6] taught the young Alexander the Great at the Nymphaeum of M. (Plut. Alexander 7). Peucestas, the triērárchēs of Alexander, came from M. (Arr. Ind. 18,6; [2. 318f. no. 634]). In the 3rd cent. BC, M. had the status of a polis, and received theōroí from Delphi [1. 17 l. 59]. Cf. also Plin. HN 4,34; Ptol. 3,12,36. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography 1 A. Plassart, Inscriptions de Delphes. La liste des T…

Philippi

(765 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg)
This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | Coloniae | Macedonia, Macedones | Macedonia, Macedones | Natural catastrophes | Education / Culture | Mineral Resources (Φίλιπποι/ Phílippoi, Latin Philippi). [German version] I. Founding Hellenistic and Roman Periods City in eastern Macedonia, founded by Philip [4] II around 355 BC on the site of Crenides or Daton (App. B. Civ. 4,105) on the occasion of the conquest of the region between the Strymon and the Nestus [1], inhabited by the Thracians (Thraci). The Via Eg…

Cyrrhus

(465 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Gerber, Jörg (Bochum)
(Κύρρος; Kýrrhos). [German version] [1] Macedonian city Macedonian city near the modern Aravissos between Pella and Edessa, existed already in the 5th cent. BC (Thuc. 2,100,1); was to be the site of one of the gigantic temples supposedly planned by Alexander the Great (Diod. Sic. 18,4,5); half-finished partial structures in an ancient quarry near C. could be connected with this intended construction project [1]. An unpublished inscription (cf. [2]) attests to a municipal authority concerned with the bu…

Macedonia, Macedones

(7,662 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Duridanov, Ludmil (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | von Mangoldt, Hans (Tübingen)
(Μακεδονία/ Makedonía, Μακεδόνες/ Makedónes, Lat. Macedonia, Macedones). [German version] I. Geography, economy, ethnogenesis The core territory of the ancient Macedonian state was in the plains immediately to the east and north of the Olympus mountain range. Beginning with the 7th cent. BC, the Macedones conquered from their capital Aegae [1] step by step Pieria (south of the lower Haliacmon), Bottiaea (between Haliacmon and Axius), Almopia, Mygdonia (located in lowlands of lake Bolbe), Crestonia (to the no…

Argilus

(81 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Delian League (Ἄργιλος; Árgilos). Founded by settlers from Andros, c. 3 km inland from the mouth of the Strymon. Member of the  Delian League, seceded from Athens in 424/23 BC (Thuc. 4,103,4), remained autonomous until the capture of Amphipolis by Philip II. A settlement still existed in Roman imperial times. Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Olynth und die Chalkidier, 1971, 158-160 F. Papazoglou, Les villes de Macédoine, 1988, 363.
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