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Divitia

(98 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] h. Köln-Deutz. Evtl. schon Anf. des 1.Jh. n.Chr. entstandener Brückenkopf gegenüber Colonia Agrippinensis [1]. Für ca. 1000 Mann am hochwasserfreien Rheinufer mit Brücke (Paneg. 6 [7],11,3; 13,1-5) unter Constantin d.Gr. neu errichtet, überdauerte er teilweise bis in fränkische Zeit ( Divitia civitas: Greg. Tur. Franc. 4,16). Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography 1 B. Päffgen, W. Zanier, Überlegungen zur Lokalisierung von Oppidum Ubiorum und Legionslager im frühkaiserzeitlichen Köln, in: W. Czysz, C.M. Hüssen et.al. (Hrsg.), Provinzialröm. Forsc…

Medulli

(80 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] Von Augustus unterworfenes Alpenvolk (CIL V 7817 = Plin. nat. 3,137), das östl. der Vocontii und südl. der Allobroges (Strab. 4,1,11; 4,6,5; Ptol. 2,10,7) am Oberlauf des Arc beim h. Modane lebte und laut Vitr. 8,3,20 bes. oft an Kropf litt. Es gehörte zu den Völkern des Cottius [1] (CIL V 7231) und später zur prov. Alpes Cottiae. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography TIR L 32,92  G. Barruol, Les peuples préromains du sud-est de la Gaule, 1975, 334-337.

Noreia

(186 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Caesar Epitethon einer Muttergöttin (evtl. abgeleitet von einem vorkelt. Stamm der Nori), das auf ihre Heiligtümer übertragen wurde [1; 2. 156f.; 3. 240f.; 4]; je ein Ort N. lag 27 bzw. 40 Meilen von Virunum entfernt in Richtung Ovilavis (Tab. Peut. 5,1); mehrere Inschr. richten sich an die Göttin N. [4. 97f. Abb. 4]. Die urbs N. (Sempronius Asellio fr. 9 = schol. Bernensia zu Verg. georg. 3,474), bei der - 1200 Stadien von Aquileia entfernt - Papirius Carbo 113 v.Chr. von den Cimbri geschl…

Dulgubnii

(62 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] Nach Tac. Germ. 34,1 (konjiziert nach Ptol. 2,11,9 = “die Schlagkräftigen”) german. Volk, Nachbarn der Chasuarii, Chamavi, Angrivarii und Langobardi, vermutlich östl. der Weser an mittlerer Aller, mittlerer Elbe und in der Südheide zu lokalisieren. Polit. kaum selbständig [1]. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography 1 G. Neumann u.a., s.v. D., RGA 4, 431 2 Ders., u.a., s.v. D., RGA 6, 274-276.

Cannenefates

(92 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] German. Volk, auch Can(n)anefates, nach ›Abstammung, Dialekt und Tapferkeit den Batavi gleich‹ (Tac. hist. 4,15,1; vgl. Plin. nat. 4,101), im Westteil der insula Batavorum, zw. Oude Rijn und Mosa (Helinium); vgl. Kennemerland. Evtl. von Tiberius unterworfen (Vell. 2,105,1), stellten sie wenigstens je eine ala und cohors (Tac. ann. 4,73,2; hist. 4,19,1). Ihr Vorort Voorburg-Arentsburg wurde Forum Hadriani und municipium. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography TIR M 31, 59  B.H. Stolte, s.v. Cananefaten, RGA 4, 329f.  W. Will, Roms “Klientel-Randstaaten…

Moenus

(326 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[English version] h. Main, größter, rechter Nebenfluß des Rheins (Belege bei [1. 606]). Der Fluß war wegen seines windungsreichen Verlaufs für die Flußschiffahrt von geringem Wert; denn er muß die Waldgebirge von Odenwald, Spessart und Rhön durchbrechen. Da eine weitergehende Nutzung die Herrschaft über die mainfränkische Uferregion voraussetzte und das Maintal zudem kein wichtiges Stammesgebiet eröffnete, war es folgerichtig, wenn die Römer vom wichtigen Legionslager Mogontiacum (Mainz) an der Ma…

Hermunduri

(338 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] The Germanic combat unit that was probably based on fealty, together with Suebi and Semnones in the mythical original tribe of the  Herminones (Plin. HN 4,100), pinpointed in the Augustan period as being located at the Elbe (Str. 7,1,3; Vell. 2,106,2), had possibly already lost its political and organizational connection at that time. H., searching for land, were settled by  Domitius [II 2]in 6/1 BC in the former Marcomannis (Cass. Dio 55,10a,2), possibly as a strategic help again…

Istaevones

(36 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Mythological ancient tribe of the Germani (Plin. HN 4,100; Tac. Germ. 2,2) with no concrete historical base. According to Plin. l.c. they lived proximi Rheno (near the Rhine).  Herminones Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)

Mons Cetius

(68 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Mountain range, intrinsically linked with Cetium, bordering Noricum in the east (Ptol. 2,13,1) and Pannonia in the west (Ptol. 2,14,1) reaching the Danube to the north between Vindobona and Cetium. Essentially the Vienna Woods and the contiguous Styrian Alps to the south, the modern Karawanken and the Carnic Alps. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography TIR M 33,61  G. Winkler, s.v. Cetium, RE Suppl. 14, 91.

Gelduba

(178 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Batavian Revolt (modern Krefeld-Gellep). Place in Germania inferior, field camp and battle site of the Batavian wars (Tac. Hist. 4,26,3; 32,1; 35,3; 36,1; 58,4); after AD 70 auxiliary fort (Plin. HN 19,90), which after three wood and earth stages was converted into stone before 150. The occupying force was for a long time the cohors II Varcinorum equitata. In the wake of Postumus' uprising in 259 (tombs of the fallen!) and in 275/6 G. was destroyed by the Franks, redesigned into a fortress around 295…

Burgundiones

(381 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Eastern Germanic tribe (first mentioned in Plin. HN 4,99; etymologically linked with * burgund -- ‘the high-lying’), possibly originating from the island of Bornholm; from the 2nd cent. BC, they settled in the western part of eastern Pomerania, in the 2nd cent. AD in central northern Germany between the Oder and the Vistula. Hypothetically linked with the Luboszyce culture [1]. In the 3rd cent., they migrated to the south-west and, together with the Vandali, were defeated by Aurelius  Probus in…

Condrusi

(71 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Germanic people, listed by Caesar (B Gall. 2,4,10) among the Germani cisrhenani together with the  Eburones, Caerosi and Paemani; lived as clients of the  Treveri (ibid. 4,6,4) between them and the Eburones (ibid. 6,32,1). The Condroz region on the river Maas between Namur and Liège, which is called pagus Condrustus in medieval documents, recalls the C. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography G. Neumann et al., s.v. C., RGA 5, 78-80.

Hercynia silva

(292 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) | Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg)
[German version] I. Geography Collective term for the central European low mountain ranges, first mentioned in Aristot. Mete. 1,13. It took nine days to cross it from north to south (Caes. B Gall. 6,25-28; interpolated according to [1]), and 60 from west to east; the forest, abundant with unknown wild beasts, extended from the borders of the Helvetii, Nemetes, and Rauraci along the Danube to the border region ( fines) of the Dacians and Anartes (further source references easily accessible through the indices in [2]). Even though the Roman occupation and discovery…

Ad Lunam

(52 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Statio of the Tab. Peut. 4,1 f., possibly the modern Urspring-Lonsee (Alb-Donau-Kreis): two-phase cohort fort (1.8 hectares) from c. AD 80 and   vicus . Coin finds until AD 153/154.  Cohors;  Castellum Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography Coins: Fundmz. Röm. Deutschland 2,4, 1964, no. 4550. Literature.: J. Heiligmann, Der ‘Alb-Limes’, 1990, 88-101.

Lentia

(224 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Principal town of the Traun plain, favourably situated from the point of view of communications at the point where the Danube intersects with the salt road to Bohemia, with probably an originally Celtic name (perhaps ‘the bend, the meander’), modern Linz on the Danube. With the wood-earth camp that originates at the earliest in the Tiberian period (0.66 ha, ala I Thracum?), Noricum joined the Claudian series of forts in Raetia west of Oberstimm (in between only small forts); extended before AD 160 into a much bigger stone fort ( ala I Pannoniorum Tampiana Victrix, around 2…

Chatti

(248 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Germanic tribe (first mentioned in Str. 7,1,3f.; etymology uncertain), renowned for their martial discipline; settled by Rome in the region around the mouth of the Main, they later occupied particularly the basins of the Hessian depression south of the Cherusci and east of the Usipetes. Classed with the  Hermiones in Plin. HN 4,100, they lost the battle for a saline river to the Hermunduri in AD 58, but inflicted a devastating defeat on the Cherusci. In constant opposition to Rome…

Angrivarii

(108 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Germanic tribe on the middle reaches of the Weser, partly separated from their south-western neighbours, the Cherusci, by a wide ager (Tac. Ann. 2,19); they sided with Rome in AD 16, seceded, and, after their defeat, joined the   fides (Tac. Ann. 2,24,3); in AD 97, in order to evade the Chauci, the A., together with the Chamavi, occupied land belonging to the Bructeri on the upper reaches of the Amisia (modern Ems; Tac. Germ. 33; cf. Ptol. 2,11,9; Laterculus Veronensis 13,13). Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography R. Wenskus, s. v. Angriwarier, RGA, 333 R. Wolters, Rö…

Adrana

(21 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] Probably the modern Eder, river in the territory of the  Chatti (Tac. Ann. 1,56,3). Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)

Licates

(77 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] (Λικάττιοι; Likáttioi, Str. 4,6,8; Λικάτιοι; Likátioi, Ptol. 2,12,4; Plin. HN 3,137). Vindelician tribe that probably settled on the upper course of the Lech ( Licca). The main town was Damasia. L. were still serving as auxiliary soldiers [1] in the Roman army around AD 160. Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg) Bibliography 1 RMD, 119, 170. TIR L 32, 84f. H. Wolff, Einige Probleme der Raumordnung im Imperium Romanum, in: Ostbairische Grenzmarken 28, 1986, 152-177, esp. 166.

Abodiacum

(135 words)

Author(s): Dietz, Karlheinz (Würzburg)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Raeti, Raetia Modern Epfach, district of Landsberg am Lech, Germany (CIL III 2,5780); Roman garrison from just before BC to about AD 50, late antique fortifications along the long, steep-sided, island-like Lorenzberg in a bow of the river Lech. 300 m away, underneath the village of Epfach, there is a Flavian road- vicus on the   via Claudia , north-east of the turn-off to Gauting. Building remains on Epfach hill dating from the 3rd and 4th cents. AD; possibly late antique/early Chri…
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