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Parma

(234 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] [1] A City on the later via Aemelia This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | Coloniae | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Regio, regiones Established in 183 BC as a colonia, together with Mutina in the region neighbouring the Boii (formerly Tusci) (Liv. 39,55,6-8) on the P., a right-hand tributary of the Padus, with 2,000 Roman citizens each with eight iugera of land; tribus Pollia, in the r egio VIII Augustea (Aemilia) from the time of Augustus, still called P. today. The city was situated on what was to become later  the via Aemilia betw…

Faesulae

(281 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | Umbri, Umbria | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Etrusci, Etruria | Natural catastrophes Town in northern Etruria ( regio VII) on a rise above Florence north of the Arno, modern Fiesole. Etruscan name Vipsl [1. 675ff.]. Mentioned by Pol. 2,25,6 in relation to the Celtic invasion of 225 BC. In 217 Hannibal marched from F. to Lake Trasimena (Pol. 3,80; 82). In the Social War, F. was destroyed by L. Porcius Cato (Flor. 2,6,1…

Horta

(115 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria ( Hortanum, Plin. HN 3,52). Etruscan town on a volcanic mountain to the right of the Tiber, modern Orte; a place of commercial importance where several roads meet. Settled since the 6th cent. BC (necropolis of Le Piane), municipium after the  Social War [3], tribus Stellatina [1. 85]. Connected by a bridge with the vicus of the river port on the left bank of the river; recorded as Castellum Amerinum in the Tab. Peut. Remains of quays, warehouses, baths. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography 1 W. Kubitschek, Im…

Lacus Albanus

(76 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Lake in the largest of the volcanic craters of the mons Albanus , where Alba Longa and various villas were located, e.g. those of Pompey and Domitian, as well as the Castra Albana of Septimius Severus. In 398 BC the water level was regulated through a drainage channel (Liv. 5,15; Cic. Div. 1,100). Famous wines grew on the slopes (Plin. HN 14,64; 23,33). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography P. Chiarucci, Albano Laziale, 1988.

Collatia

(146 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Colonia Latina of Alba Longa on the left bank of the Anio between Rome and Tibur. Occupied by the Sabini, conquered by Rome under Tarquinius Priscus. Well known on account of the rape of Lucretia by Sextus Tarquinius. A gateway in Rome is named after C. (cf. Paul Fest. 33,18ff.), as is the via Collatina (Frontin. Aq. 5). After the decline of the city (Plin. HN. 3,68), many grand villae were built in the area (archaeological discoveries). C. is identified with the fortress of Lunghezza on a hill to the left of the Anio, where finds have been made of…

Sulmo

(160 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Italy, languages (Σουλμῶν; Soulmôn). City of the Paeligni (Str. 5,4,2; Ptol. 3,1,64), regio IV, present-day Sulmona (L'Aquila). The city became a Roman ally in 304 BC (Liv. 9,45; Diod. Sic. 20,101), municipium, tribus Sergia from 89 BC. The design of the city is orthogonal (400 × 400 m), centres of the Paeligni were located on the hills to the south around the basin of S. (cf. Colle Mitra, Piano della Civitella, Colle Tassito). Remnants of a sanctuary of Hercules Curinus were f…

Allifae

(138 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Coloniae City in southern  Samnium in a loop of the Volturnus at the foot of mons   Tifernus , modern Alife. Minting in the 1st half of the 4th cent. BC. Entangled in the Samnite Wars (building of walls at the foot of Monte Cila). Founding of a   colonia with triumviri (CIL IX p. 264). Preserved structures are the intact, right-angled surrounding wall in opus incertum with four gates, square and round towers as well as the right-angled complex; the theatre with an extension from the Antonine period; a…

Taberna

(94 words)

Author(s): Schneider, Helmuth (Kassel) | Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] [1] Type of building Latin term for buildings, both urban and rural, used for storage, craft production, selling goods, offering drinks, meals and lodging, and also as living space. Storage economy; Workshop; Inn Schneider, Helmuth (Kassel) [German version] [2] T. Frigida Road station in Etruria on the Via Aemilia Scauri between Pisae and Luna at the crossing over the Frigidus (modern Frigido), modern San Leonardo in Frigido. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography L. Banti, Luni, 1937, 71  G. De Santis Alvisi, Questioni lunensi, in: Centro Studi Lunensi. …

Vatrenus

(72 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] River which rises in the Appenninus, passes Forum Cornelii (modern Imola) and flows into the Adriatic to the north of Ravenna (Plin. HN. 3,119 f.; Mart. 3,67,2: Vaternus), modern Santerno. In the Roman period it flowed from the right into the Spineticus, a branch of the Padus (modern Po); the port at its mouth was therefore called Portus Vatreni. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography G. Uggeri, La romanizzazione dell'antico Delta Padano, 1975, 37.

Lacus Velinus

(231 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] A lake formed by the rivers Avens, Himella and Tolenus in the territory of the Sabini in the plains below Reate. It was partially drained in 272 BC by the consul Curius [4], through the drainage system of the Cascata delle Marmore, which gave the waters of the Avens an artificial outlet. The lake drained into the Nar above Interamna [1]. Q. Axius (Varro, Rust. 2,1,8) and Cicero (Att. 4,15) [1] had villas here. The drainage of Lacus Velinus caused quarrels between Reate and Interamna (Varro, Rust. 3,2,3; Cic. Att. 4,15,5; Cic. Scaur. 12,27; Tac. Ann. 1,79; palus Reatina, Plin. …

Tuficum

(92 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria City in Umbria (Umbri) on the upper Aesis, municipium of the tribus Oufentina [1] (Plin. HN 3,114; Ptol. 3,1,53; CIL XI 5711; 5718), modern Borgo Tufico (formerly Ficano) near Albacina (Macerata). T. was on a side road to the Via Flaminia , branching off at Helvillum (modern Fossato di Vico?) and leading to Aesis (modern Iesi) on the Adriatic (Ionios Kolpos). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography 1 L. R. Taylor, The Voting Districts of the Roman Republic, 1960, 273. Nissen 2, 386.

Tifernum Tiberinum

(107 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] City in Umbria (Umbri; Plin. HN 3,114) in the valley of the upper Tiber, modern Città di Castello; no remains survive; municipium of the tribus Clustumina (CIL XI 5939; 5942). T. was connected by road to Perusia and Arretium. Nearby there is a sanctuary in the oriental style; thermae at Rignaldello. A villa of Plinius [2] the Younger was to the north of T. (Plin. Ep. 4,1; 5,6; modern Colle Plinio near Lama, Selci). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography R. Margherini Graziani, Storia di Città di Castello, 1890 D. Diringer, Edizione Archeologica della Carta d'It…

Rhenus

(1,104 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) | Wiegels, Rainer (Osnabrück)
[German version] [1] River in upper-Italy, present-day Reno in Emilia-Romagna River in Upper Italy, present-day Reno in Emilia-Romagna, right-hand feeding river of the Padus (Po), which rises in the Apennines above Pistoriae (Pistoia) and flows past Marzabotto through the region of Felsina (Bononia [1]). In Etruscan times it flowed into the Padus near Voghiera to the southeast of Ferrara, in Roman times somewhat more to the west. Nowadays it flows via an artificial canal directly into the Adriatic Sea. In…

Medullia

(58 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Town of the prisci Latini, founded by Alba Longa north of the Anio (Liv. 1,33,4; 38,4; Medullum, Plin. HN 3,68). The town was captured by the Romans in the war against the Latini (340-338 BC). Deserted by the end of the Roman Republic; its exact location is unknown. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 563.

Incitaria

(50 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Ships' mooring (It. Maritimum 499) on the promonturium Argentarium in Etruria, modern Porto Santo Stefano. The place name is to be interpreted as ‘ in cetaria’ and therefore denotes a fishing-port for tuna fish. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography R. Bronson, G. Uggeri, Isola del Giglio, in: SE 38, 1970, 208f.

Utens

(76 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] River which rises in the Appenninus, forms the northern border of the territory of the Senones [1] ( Ager Gallicus )  (Liv. 5,35,3) and discharges into the  Adriatic (Ionios Kolpos) to the north of Ariminum (modern Rimini) between the Rivers  Ariminus and Rubico; modern Uso. Scarcely identifiable with the Vitis in Plin. HN 3,115 (modern Montone?). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography Nissen 2, 250; 257  G. Radke, s. v. Viae Publicae Romanae, RE Suppl. 13, 1417-1686, here 1577 f.

Ampsanctus

(139 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Crater lake within the territory of the  Hirpini (accordingly: Valle d'Ansanto) with sulphuric vapours, colloquially called ‘Mufite’. Access to the underworld (Verg. Aen. 7,563 ff.). Nearby (near Valli), a sanctuary of the goddess  Mefitis (verified from 6th cent. BC to 1st cent. AD: Cic. Div. 1,79; Verg. Aen. 7,563-571; Plin. HN 2,208; for the 4th cent. AD: Claud. Rapt. Pros. 2,350). Finds of votive gifts: coins, bronze and terracotta objects, wooden statuettes; an Oscan dedication to Mefitis Aravina. Inscriptions: CIL IX 1023-34. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bib…

Taurasia

(143 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) | Sartori, Antonio (Milan)
[German version] [1] City of the Hirpini City of the Hirpini in the mountains of Samnium, destroyed by the Romans in 298 BC. It was to the territory of T. that in 180 BC Ligurian Apuani were deported (Liv. 40,38,3; 41,4; Plin. HN 3, 105; Baebius [I 12]). Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography D. Marcotte, Lucaniae, in: Latomus 44, 1985, 721-742  J. Patterson, Sanniti, 1988, 168-170  G. De Benedittis, Fagifulae, 1997, 17-22, 65-74. [German version] [2] Capital of the Taurini This item can be found on the following maps: Punic Wars Probably the capital of the Taurini (App. Hann. 5…

Ocriculum

(162 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Umbri, Umbria Umbrian town (Umbrian ocre = Latin arx, 'citadel') in a dominant position on the left bank of the Tiber, allied to Rome from 308 BC. The Roman town developed during the Augustan period on the via Flaminia, 44 km from Rome and 12 from Narnia. In 90 BC, O. became the municipium of the tribus Arnensis (CIL XI 4081ff.), later in regio VI; modern Otricoli on the slopes of the Umbrian town, while the Roman settlement was lower in a westerly direction towards the Tiber at San Vittore. Remains…

Trebia

(93 words)

Author(s): Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence)
[German version] Right-bank tributary of the Padus (modern Po), into which it flows at Placentia  (Plin. HN 3,118), modern Trebbia; it rises in the Ligurian Appenninus. It was on the T. that in 218 BC the first fighting between the Romans and Hannibal [4] took place (Pol. 3,66-74; Liv. 21,52-56). In its valley are the sacrarium Minervae Medicae Cabardiacensis and the Bobbio monastery founded in 612 by Saint Columbanus. Uggeri, Giovanni (Florence) Bibliography G. Marchetti, P. Dall'Aglio, La battaglia del Trebbia, in: Atti dell' istituto de geologia dell' università di…
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