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(346 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Αἰξωνή; Aixōnḗ). Attic   paralia deme of the phyle  Cecropis (IG II2 2375) at the south-west coast of Attica between Glyphada and Voula [3]. Eight bouleutai [7]. Its western border was marked by the sea, its eastern one by Mount  Hymettus whose slopes were terraced [1; 2. 29 ff.] -- the φελλεῖς ( phelleîs) in IG II2 2492. To the north, Halimus and Euonymon followed. As Hydrussa (modern Prasonisi) was κατὰ τοὺς Αἰξωνέας ( katà toùs Aixonéas, Str. 9,1,21), A. presumably extended to the south up to Ano Vula, where it bordered on Halai Aixonides. Extensive…


(100 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κολωνός; Kolōnós, ‘hill’). Attic asty deme of the Aegeis phyle, installed two bouleutaí, according to [4] by the C. [2]. Demotikon ἐκ Κολωνοῦ [6. 7330].  Sophocles came from C. and attests a cult of the eponymous hero C. (Soph. OC 54f., 888f.) [6. 208, 211].  Athens;  Colonae Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J.M. Camp, Die Agora von Athen, 1989 2 Chr. Habicht, Athen, 1995, 151 3 E. Honigmann, s.v. Kolonos (2), RE 11, 1113f. 4 D.M. Lewis, The Deme of Kolonos, in: ABSA 50, 1955, 12-17 5 Travlos, Athen, 79 6 Whitehead, Index s.v. Kolonos Traill, Attica, 40, 68, 11…


(125 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἀζηνιά; Azēniá). Attic   paralia (?) deme belonging to the phyle of Hippothontis, which had its geographical centre in the Thriasion Pedion and in the area around  Eleusis. Str. 9,1,21 mentions Ἀζηνεῖς as being between Sunium and Anaphlystus, which is, however, to be emended to Ἀτηνεῖς ( Atene) [1.50f.; 3.14450]. The same mistake appears in IG II2 1706 Z. 73 [2. 83]. A location south of Kokkini [3. 13740] is questioned by [1. 50f.]. The Azenieis made dedications to Eleusis (IG II2 3492), and the demos of Eleusis worships an Azenieus (IG II2 3517; 3904),  Carneades b…


(141 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Παραλία). Originally the coastal region of Attica, also more generally the region to the east of Mt. Hymettus. After the constitutional reforms of Cleisthenes [2] ([5. 157ff.]; Attica, with map), each of the 10 Attic phylai comprised three trittyes (‘thirds’): a city third ( asty), an inland one ( mesogeia) and a coastal one ( paralia), each consisting of demes (Aristot. Ath. Pol. 21,4) [1; 3. 251ff.; 5. 159]. In the Classical period, the 10 paralia trittyes comprised approx. 40 demes [4. 125ff.]. A frontier post between Paralia and Mesogeia in the up…


(93 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Παμβοτάδαι/ Pambotádai). Attic Paralia (?) deme of the phyle of Erechtheis, from 127/8 AD of the phyle of Hadrianis. Before 307/6 BC, P. took it in turn with Sybridae to provide one bouleutḗs and after 224/3 BC two bouleutaí. Location unknown. Rock inscriptions in the upper Vari valley at Thiti cannot be read as ὅρ(ος) Π(α)μ(βοτάδων)/ hór(os) P(a)m(botádōn) [1; 2. 118]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. Lohmann, Atene, 1993, 58 2 J.S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 118, 126. Traill, Attica, 6, 14f., 38, 59, 62, 69, 100f., 111 nr. 102, table 1, 15.

Oeum Deceleicum

(112 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Οἶον Δεκελεικόν/ Oîon Dekeleikón). Attic mesogeia deme of the phyle of Hippothontis. From 224/3 BC it belonged to the phyle of Ptolemaïs, from 200 BC to that of Attalis. It provided three bouleutaí. Location: near Bugiati southeast of Decelea, to which OD possibly belonged once (see the phratria inscriptions of the Demotionidae IG II2 1237) [1]. An independent dêmos possibly only after Cleisthenes [2]. Grave inscriptions IG II2 6885-7012; 6990 and 7009 from Bugiati, cf. IG 2558. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 J. Wiesner, s.v. O. (1a), RE Suppl. 7, 788. Traill,…

Diolkos, Diholkos

(372 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Δίολκος; Dí(h)olkos). Paved trackway for transporting goods and ships between the Saronic Gulf ( Saronikos Kolpos) and the Gulf of  Corinth across the  Isthmus of Corinth at its narrowest point. The diolkos describes a slight southerly curve between the moorings at its ends. It is c. 8 km long, the gradient is a max. 6 % and the track is 1.5 m wide. By connecting the harbours of Cenchreae [2] and  Lechaeum, it strengthened the infrastructure of Corinth, though ancient sources shed no light on its economical significance. A…


(76 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πτελέα/ Pteléa; demotikon Πτελεάσιος/ Pteleásios). Small Attic ásty deme, phyle Oineis, with one bouleutḗs. Location uncertain, in the Cephissus Valley near modern Aigaleo north of the sacred road [2. 49] or near Aspropirgos (formerly Kalívia Chasiotika) [1]; IG II2 4927. P. (cf. [3]) is the scene of the comedy Hérōs by Menander [4]. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 E. Meyer, s. v. P., RE 23, 1478 2 Traill, Attica, 49, 70, 112 Nr. 124, Tab. 6 3 Whitehead, 341.


(254 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Attica (Θρία/ Thría). Large Attic paralia deme, chief town of the coastal Trittys (Trittyes), Oineis phyle, from 126/7 AD part of the Hadrianis phyle, seven (eight) bouleutaí; situated in the plain of Eleusis [1] named after T. ( Thriásion pedíon) at modern Aspropyrgos (formerly Kalyvia) 5 km to the northeast of Eleusis (cf. [3]); an aqueduct led from the Parnes to T. IG II2 2500 (found in Eleusis) relates to an agora, to which the Thriasians and the Eleusinians had access. From T. itself there are no re…


(54 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἱπποτο/αμάδαι; Hippoto/amádai). Attic asty?-deme of the phyle Oeneis, from 307/6 BC until 201/200 BC of Demetrias, with one bouleutḗs. Location unknown. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography E. Meyer, s.v. H., RE Suppl. 10, 325f. Traill, Attica, 9, 19, 49, 62, 70, 110 no. 56, table 6, 12 Id., Demos and Trittys, 1986, 133.


(52 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Θράσυμος; Thrásymos). Significant mining area in the Attic deme of Sunium in Laurium, connected with other mining areas by roads, located in the Botsari valley on account of the site where IG II2 2638 was found . Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography H. Lohmann, Atene, 1993, Index s. v. Th., ill. 12.

Prasia, Prasiae

(211 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Πρασία/ Prasía, Πρασίαι/ Prasíai). Attic paralia deme, phyle Pandionis, three bouleutaí. P. and Stiria lay on the Bay of Porto Raphti (modern Limen Mesogeias), where the place name has survived as Pras(i)as (Str. 9,1,22; Thuc. 8,95,1; Liv. 31,45,10; Steph. Byz. s. v. Π.; [4. 67 ff.]). Settlement remains can be found in the boundaries of Natso [1; 2]. Paus. 1,31,1 records a Temple of Apollo, IG II2 4977 a cult of the Heraclides. In 286/5 BC, P. and Stiria were relocated to the Coronea peninsula and fortified [3; 4]; in 262 BC, the Macedonians took the fortress by storm. Lohman…


(102 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Οἰνηίς/ Oinēís). After Cleisthenes' [2] phyle reform (508/7 BC) the sixth of the ten Attic phylai, with eponymous hero Οἰνεύς/ Oineús (Paus. 1,5,2). In the 4th cent. it had thirteen dḗmoi, eight in the asty trittys, two (?) in the paralia trittys, and four in the mesogeia trittys. Three dḗmoi switched in 307/6-201/0 BC to the Macedonian phyle of Demetrias, Butadae in 224/3 to Ptolemaïs, Tyrmeidae in 201/200 to Attalis, and Thria in 127/8 AD to Hadrianis. Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography Traill, Attica, 9, 19f., 23, 28, 48ff., 55, 57, 71, 102, 105f., 133, table 6  J.S.…


(58 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κίκυννα; Kíkynna). Attic mesogeia deme of the phyle  Acamantis, two (three) bouleutai. Only one deme of C. is verifiable [1. 83; 3. 20]. Its location is uncertain (Chalidou? [1. 48; 2]). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Traill, Attica, 19, 48, 59, 68, 83, 110 no. 67, table 5 2 J. S. Traill, Demos and Trittys, 1986, 132 3 Whitehead, Index s.v. K.


(135 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Αἰγηίς; Aigēís). Following the reforms by  Cleisthenes A. was the second of the ten Attic phyles (IG II/III2 1740 ff.), named after the eponymous hero  Aegeus. In the 4th cent. BC, Aegeis comprised the following demes: eight   asty- , five   paralia- and eight   mesogeia . In 308/7 BC, four of those changed over to the Macedonian phyles of  Antigonis or  Demetrias; following their dissolution in 201/200 BC, they rejoined the A.  Cydantidae transferred in 224/3 BC to the  Ptolemais,  Icarium in 201/200 BC t…


(172 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ἱπποθοντίς; Hippothontís). Since Cleistenes' reform of the phyles, the 8th of 10 phyles of Attica; eponymous hero Hippothoon. At the time of the 10 phyles in the 4th cent. BC, the H. comprised 17 (6? asty-, 7? paralia, 4? mesogeia-) demes [1. 11f., 51f., 102] primarily around Eleusis and in north-west Attica; several are not located [1. map]. In 307/6 BC Coele and Oenoe (modern Myupolis) changed to the Demetrias, Auridae or Corydallus to the Antigonis, in 224/3 BC Oion Dekeleikon and Oenoe (from the Demetrias) to the …


(135 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Κρωπίδαι; Krōpídai). Attic mesogea deme of the Leontis phyle, a bouleutḗs, also attested as Κρωπιάς or Κρῶπες (Steph. Byz. s.v. Κρωπιά), Κρωπίδης demoticon. Cropia was probably the name of the region [2. 2019]. Κλωπίδαι, which is also attested on inscriptions (Aristoph. Equ. 79) [2], possibly belonged to Aphidna [3. 90f., 116 no. 19; 4. 55, 62]. In 431 BC  Archidamus [1] travelled to Acharnae through C., which is located by [3. 47; 4. 131] to the west of Ano Liosia (Thuc. 2,19). With Eupyr…


(143 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Προβάλινθος/ Probálinthos, with the demoticon Προβαλίσιος/ Probalísios). Attic paralia deme of the phyle Pandionis [2], from 200 BC of the phyle Attalis, with five bouleutaí; name pre-Greek; on the eastern coast of Attica at modern Nea Makri, where there is also a significant Neolithic settlement [1; 2]. P., Marathon, Oenoe [5] and Tricory(n)thus formed the cult union of the Tetrapolis of Marathon (Str. 8,7,1; IG II2 2933). At the time of Pliny in the 1st cent. AD, P. had been depopulated (Plin. HN 4,24). Lohmann, Hans (Bochum) Bibliography 1 M. Pantelidou-Gopha, Η ν…


(194 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Λακιάδαι; Lakiádai). Attic deme, gave its name to the asty trittys of the phyle Oeneis (IG I3 1120), with two (three) bouleutaí; originally the name of an Attic family. Steph. Byz. s.v. Λ. transmits Λακιά as a place name, with the demoticon Λακιεύς. Its location on the Sacred Road east of the Cephis(s)us [2] is confirmed by Paus. 1,37,2, who (ibid.) attests a temenos of the eponymous hero Lacius, the grave of the kithara player Nicocles of Tarentum, an altar to Zephyrus and a sanctuary to Demeter, Kore, Athena and Poseidon. The sacred fig tr…


(649 words)

Author(s): Lohmann, Hans (Bochum)
[German version] (Ὑμηττός; Hymēttós, name pre-Greek [17]). Mountain in Attica, modern Imittos, earlier Trelovuni, Turkish Deli Dağ (height 1027 m). H., which is mostly deforested today, consists of Triassic limestone, micaceous slate, marble and other metamorphites [19]. It isolates the pedíon of Athens in the south-east from the Attic mesógaia. From the defile between Pentelicon and H. near Stavro in the north it stretches over 22 km to the Saronic Gulf by Cape Zoster in the south [14]. The gorge of Pirnari separates the northern ‘great H.’ (μέγας Ὑ./ mégas H.) from the southern ‘…
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