Search

Your search for 'dc_creator:( "Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)" ) OR dc_contributor:( "Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)" )' returned 66 results. Modify search

Sort Results by Relevance | Newest titles first | Oldest titles first

Rusafa

(204 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Pilgerschaft ( Ruṣāfa; in byz. Zeit auch Sergiupolis). Ruine in Zentralsyrien, ca. 180 km östl. von Aleppo und 35 km südl. des Euphrat. Röm. Limesfestung (Limes VI. D., mit Karte) seit dem 1. Jh. v. Chr. Der Ort, an dem unter Diocletianus der Offizier Sergios das Martyrium erlitt (vgl. [1]), wurde in der Spätant. zum zentralen Pilgerzentrum christl. arabischer Stämme der Levante und Mesopotamiens. Seit dem 5. Jh. n. Chr. besaß R. Kirchen, d…

Lachmiden

(143 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] (arab. Banū Laḫm). Könige des arab. Stammesverbandes der Tanūḫ (2. Viertel 3. Jh. - Anf. 7. Jh. n.Chr). Sitz der L. war al-Ḥīra, ein Karawanenzentrum im sw Irak, südl. von Kerbela. Als Vasallen der pers. Sāsāniden überwachten die L. die Stämme der arab. Halbinsel und beteiligten sich am Kampf der Sāsāniden gegen Rom, später gegen Byzanz und ihre syr. Verbündeten (Palmyra, Ghassaniden). Einige L. waren nestorianische Christen (Nestorianismus); durch sie wurde Ḥīra ein Zentrum des Ch…

Bambyke

(209 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Limes | Syrien | Zenobia (Βαμβύκη). Stadt in Nordsyrien, 78 km nordöstl. von Aleppo am Zusammenfluß von Sadjur und Euphrat. B. (Strab. 16,2,7) war seit Seleukos I. als das syr. Ἱεράπολις, Hierápolis (Strab 16,1,27, Ptol. 5,14,10), gleichzeitig aber auch als Mabbog (Plin. nat. 5, 81) mit der gräzisierten Form, Μέμπετξε (Leo Diaconus, 165,22; daraus arab. Manbiǧ), bekannt. Der Ort, allg. mit der assyr. Siedlung Nappigi/Nampigi identifiziert, besaß durch die Nähe einer w…

Gerasa

(306 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Hasmonäer | Pilgerschaft | Pompeius | Syrien | Theater (h. Ǧaraš). 34 km nördl. von Ammān gelegener Ort. Dank eines Baches, dem Chrysorrhoas der Ant., war G. seit der frühen Steinzeit Siedlungsort. Daher ist anzunehmen, daß die in einer röm. Inschr. erwähnten Makedonier das griech. Element in eine bereits bestehende Siedlung einführten und entgegen den Legenden nicht erst Alexandros [4] d.Gr., Perdikkas oder Antiochos [2] I. Stadtgründer waren. I…

Dura-Europos

(268 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Christentum | Handel | Hellenistische Staatenwelt | Limes | Sāsāniden | Syrien | Zenobia Stadt auf dem Westufer des mittleren Euphrat (arab. aṣ-Ṣāliḥiya, südöstl. Syrien). D.-E. wurde ca. 300 v.Chr. von maked. Kolonisten als eine der seleukidischen Festungen zur Sicherung der Euphratverbindungen gegründet. Nach der parth. Eroberung ca. 141 v.Chr. Aufstieg zum Militärposten und zur wichtigen Station auf der Karawanenroute nach Palmyra. Die Vorstöße Trai…

Abila

(238 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[English version] Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Pompeius Stadt (h. Quwailibeh) 15 km nordwestl. von Irbid (Jordanien). Die Ruinen von A. erstrecken sich auf einer Fläche von ca. 1,5 km × 0,5 km über zwei Hügel, Tall A. und die südl. gelegene Khirbat Umm al-Amad [1. 1 f.]. Der seit dem beginnenden 3 Jt. v. Chr. bis in die Eisenzeit durchgehend besiedelte Ort wurde in seleukidischer Zeit neugegründet. Polybios (5,69-70) vermerkt die Eroberung durch Antiochos III. für das Jahr 218 v. Chr.…

Gerasa

(366 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Theatre | Hasmonaeans | Pilgrimage | Pompeius (modern Ǧaraš). City located 34 km north of Ammān. Thanks to a stream with the ancient name of Chrysorrhoas, G. was a place of settlement from the time of the early Stone Age. It is therefore reasonable to assume that a settlement already existed when the Macedonians, mentioned in a Roman inscription, introduced the Greek element ─ contrary to legends that  Alexander [4] the Great,  Perdiccas, or  A…

Dekapolis

(414 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] (ἡ Δεκάπολις; hē Dekápolis). Term for a territory comprising a varying number of cities and with a predominantly Greek population, concentrated in northern Trans-Jordan, southern Syria and northern Palestine. Although some towns later to belong to the Dekapolis had already been in existence in pre-Hellenistic times, most of them claimed to have been founded by  Alexander [4] the Great. Archaeological investigations, however, have shown that the development of many towns into urban centres began only under Seleucid an…

Lakhmids

(166 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] (Arabic Banū Laḫm). Kings of the Arabian tribal confederacy of the Tanūḫ (2nd quarter of 3rd cent. - early 7th cent. AD). The seat of the L. was al-Ḥīra, a caravan centre in south-western Iraq, south of Kerbela. As vassals of the Persian Sassanids, the L. controlled the tribes of the Arabian peninsula, and joined the Sassanids' war against Rome, later against Byzantium and her Syrian allies ( Palmyra, Ghassanids). Some L. were Nestorian Christians ( Nestorianism); through their in…

Dura-Europus

(288 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sassanids | Syria | Christianity | Zenobia | Commerce | Hellenistic states | Limes …

Kangavar

(101 words)

Eduma

(49 words)

Kerbela

(194 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] (Arabic Karbalāʾ). Shiite pilgrimage centre in Iraq, situated c. 95 km south-west of …

Bostra

(336 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Sassanids | Syria | Theatre | Christianity | Zenobia | | Coloniae | Legio | Limes Small town on the southern edge of the Syrian basalt desert (Ḥaurān). The modern name Buṣrā corresponds with the Nabataean and Palmyrenian version BṢR (‘fortress’). B. was a settlement from the early Bronze Age and, in the 2nd. millennium BC, had close relations with Egypt because of its role as a caravanserai and a staging-post on the road to northern Syria and to the Red Sea (…

Baalbek

(276 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Theatre | Coloniae | Asia Minor Town in the Biqa plain between Lebanon and Antilebanon, located at an elevation of 1150 m, 64 km north-east of Beirut. The town's name was changed to Heliopolis (Str. 753; Plin. HN 5,80), probably because the Ptolemies of Alexandria identified the god ‘Baal (Haddad) of Biqa’ with the Egyptian sun god Ra/Helios. After the temporary rulership of the Seleucids (2nd cent. BC), B. became the cult centre for the Itu…

Rusafa

(220 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Pilgrimage ( Ruṣāfa; in the Byzantine era also Sergiopolis). Ruins in central Syria, c. 180 km east of Aleppo and 35 south of the Euphrates. Roman limes fortress (Limes [VI D], with map) beginning in the 1st cent. BC. In Late Antiquity, the town, where the officer Sergius suffered martyrdom under Diocletianus (cf. [1]), became the central pilgrimage destination for Christian Arab tribes of the Levant and Mesopotamia. R. had churches from the 5th cent. AD on, including t…

Bambyce

(244 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Zenobia | Limes (Βαμβύκη; Bambýkē). City in North Syria, 78 km north-east of Aleppo at the confluence of the Sadjur and the Euphrates. B. (Str. 16,2,7) was since Seleucus I known as the Syrian Ἱεράπολις, Hierápolis (Str. 16,1,27, Ptol. 5,14,10), but at the same time also as Mabbog (Plin. HN 5, 81) with the Graecized form, Μέμπετξε (Leo Diaconus, 165,22; from which the Arabic Manbiǧ). The position, generally identified with the Assyrian settlement Nappigi/Nampigi, possesse…

Abila

(244 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Pompeius Town (mod. Quwailibeh) 15 km north-west of Irbid (Jordan). The ruins of A. cover an area of c. 1.5 km × 0.5 km, which comprises two hills, Tell A. and Khirbat Umm al-Amad [1. 1 f.] to the south. The settlement, which had been continuously settled from the 3rd millennium BC to the Iron Age, was refounded under the Seleucids. Polybius (5,69-70) noted its conquest by Antiochus III in 218 BC. Its inclusion in the  Decapolis occurred no later than at that time. Remains of a street grid with cardo and decumanus, a theatre and aq…

Gadara

(263 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Syria | Theatre | Hasmonaeans | Pilgrimage | Pompeius (modern Umm Qais). Town in north-eastern Transjordania, east of Lake Gennesareth; traces of settlement date back to the 7th cent. BC. After the fall of the Achaemenid kingdom ( Achaemenids), the district of G. came under the control of the Ptolemies for a short period, but became part of the Seleucid kingdom under  Antiochus [5] III in 198 BC. For some time, the name of the town appears on coins as S…

Damghan

(176 words)

Author(s): Leisten, Thomas (Princeton)
[German version] (Dāmġān). Town in Iran on the southern foothills of the Alborz, 342 km east of Teheran on the road to Nīšāpūr. The name possibly arose from the contraction of Deh-e Moġān (village of the Magi). The prehistoric antecedent of D. is Tepe Ḥeṣār with layers between the 5th millennium and the early 2nd millennium BC. After a hiatus of 1,500 years D. became the main settlement of the Parthian and Sassanid province of Qūmes, site of one of the holy state fires (ātaxš-ī xwarišnīh, ‘unfed f…
▲   Back to top   ▲