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Cohen, Hermann

(509 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Jul 4, 1842, Coswig – Apr 4, 1918, Berlin). The philosopher and Jewish theologian Hermann Cohen was one of the intellectual leaders of liberal Judaism (III) and a cofounder of the neo-Kantian “Marburger Schule” (“Marburg school of thought”). His book on metaphysics, Logik der reinen Erkenntnis (1902), constructs a strict metaphysics that rejects sensory data as the starting point for the process of scientific philosophy. His Ethik des reinen Willens (1904) posits the “pure will” as the criterion of what is ethical; it does no…

Covenant

(6,223 words)

Author(s): Stolz, Fritz | Gertz, Jan Christian | Backhaus, Knut | Sanders, E.P. | Amir, Yehoyada | Et al.
[German Version] I. History of Religions – II. Old Testament – III. New Testament – IV. Judaism – V. Christianity I. History of Reli…

Buber, Martin

(1,303 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Feb 8, 1878, Vienna – Jun 13, 1965, Jerusalem) was one of the most important philosophers and theologians of the 20th century. He was a theoretician of Zionism, a biblical scholar, and a pioneer of research into Hasidism, and indeed into religion as a whole. In the field of Jewish studies, Buber was the first “western Jew” to discover the inherent strength and vitality of Hasidism, which he regarded as a great …

Divine Attributes

(4,975 words)

Author(s): Gantke, Wolfgang | Brümmer, Vincent | Schmidt, Werner H. | Klauck, Hans-Josef | Amir, Yehoyada | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Philosophy of Religion – III. Bible – IV. Judaism – V. Christianity – VI. Islam I. Religious Studies In the context of rational Christian metaphysics, the knowability of God is assumed and God-talk is substantiated in such a way that certain attributes, such as holiness (Sacred and profane: V), eternity, …

Elbogen, Ismar

(189 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Sep 1, 1874, Schildberg, Posen – Aug 1, 1943, New York), Jewish historian and influential teacher in the Hochschule für die Wissenschaft des Judentums (School for the Study of Judaism) in Berlin. He studied at the University of Breslau and in the Jewish theological seminary there. 1899–1903, he taught at the Collegio Rabbinico Italiano in Florence and, from 1903, at the Hochschule in Berlin. In 1938, he emigrated to the USA and taught there in various institutions. His 1913

Dubnow, Simon Markovich

(218 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Sep 10, 1860 Mislaw, Belarus – Dec 8, 1941, Riga) was formative for Jewish historiography and a leading thinker in “autonomist” Jewish nationalism. He worked in various cities in Russia. In 1922, he emigrated to Berlin and in 1933 to Riga, where he was murdered by the National Socialists. Underlying his extensive work is a sociological conception that stands in contrast to the dominant idealist concept of history proposed primarily by H. Graetz. In his magnum opus, Die Weltgeschichte des jüdischen Volkes (10 vols., 1925–1929; ET: History of the Jews, 5 vols., 1967–19…

Bomberg, Daniel

(113 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada

Buber, Salomon

(106 words)

Author(s): Amir, Yehoyada
[German Version] (Feb 12, 1827, Lviv – Dec 18, 1906, Lviv), one of the most important scholars of ¶ Jewish Midrash and Haggadah in the 19th century, scion of a famed rabbinic family, lived as an Orthodox Jew, bore the title “Imperial Adviser,” and was the first to publish a long series of midrashic works with texts edited with academic care, also including some never before published, thereby placing midrash research on a firm philological foundation. Furthermore, he reconstructed texts transmitted only fragmentarily and edited many midrash editions. Yehoyada Amir Bibliography M. Reines, דור וחכמיו, 1890 J. Caro, Zum Gedächtnis an Salomon Buber, 1907.