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Furfanius Postumus, T.

(59 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[English version] 52 v.Chr. Richter im Prozeß gegen Annius [I 14] Milo (Cic. Mil. 75) wegen der Ermordung des Clodius [I 4]. Praetor möglicherweise bereits 55 oder früher ([1. 268f.]; MRR 2,295: 46 [?]), Promagistrat in Sizilien 50-49, Proconsul ebendort 45 (MRR 3,96). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) Bibliography 1 G.V. Sumner, The lex annalis under Caesar, in: Phoenix 25, 1971, 246-271.

Alfius

(333 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Beck, Jan-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Calboli, Gualtiero (Bologna) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Röm. Gentilname. [English version] [1] röm. Geschichtschreiber, 1. Jh. v. Chr. 1. Jh. v. Chr., verfaßte ein Geschichtswerk oder Epos wohl über den 1. Pun. Krieg ( bellum Carthaginiense Fest. 158 M), vielleicht identisch mit Nr. 5 [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] Bankier Bankier (Hor. epod. 2,67). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [3] Marius (2.H. 3. Jh. v. Chr.) Marius, Campaner, fiel 215 v. Chr. gegen Rom (Liv. 23,35,13; 19). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schanz /Hosius, 1, 202. [English version] [4] Avitus Dichter, 2./3. Jh. Lat.…

Carrinas

(351 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Röm. Gentilname, vermutlich etr. Herkunft (griech. auch Καρείνας, Καρρείνας), seit dem 1.Jh. v.Chr. sicher belegt (ThlL, Onom. 2,209f.). I. Republikanische Zeit [English version] [I 1] C., C. Militär unter Marius Marianer, im Bürgerkrieg 83 v.Chr. gegen Pompeius nach Picenum gesandt (Plut. Pompeius 7); als praetor 82 wurde er in Ober- und Mittel-It. mehrfach geschlagen. Nach der Flucht des Konsuls Cn. Papirius Carbo nach Afrika vereinigten die verbliebenen Heerführer der Marianer ihre Truppen mit den Samniten, zogen gegen Rom und wurden a…

Aristius

(102 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Röm. Familienname (ThLL 2,646 f.) [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [1] , M., Militärtribun 52 v. Chr. A., M., Militärtribun in Caesars Heer während des gallischen Aufstandes von 52 v. Chr. (Caes. Gall. 7,42,5; 43,1). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) [English version] [2] Fuscus, Dichter und Grammaticus, 1. Jh. v. Chr. A., Fuscus, Dichter und grammaticus, enger Freund und Kritiker des Horaz, der an ihn carm. 1,22 und epist. 1,10 gerichtet hat. Sat. 1,9,61-74 zeigt seinen Sinn für Humor. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography R. G. M. Nisbet, M. Hubbard, A Commentary on H…

Aurelius

(2,668 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Köln) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf)
Verbreiteter plebeischer Gentilname (ThlL 2,1482-87), der in ant. Etym. aus dem Sabinischen hergeführt und über die ältere Form Auselius von sol (Sonne) abgeleitet wurde (Fest. p. 22; daraus die moderne Ableitung aus sabinisch * ausel über etr. usil “Sonnengott”, vgl. [1. 36; 2. 468]). Die Familie gelangte im 1. Pun. Krieg mit Aur. [3] in die Nobiltät und stellt im 2.Jh. v.Chr. in den Zweigen der Cottae, Orestae und Scauri zahlreiche Konsuln. Daher sind auch die Baustufen und die Zuweisung der verschiedenen viae Aureliae aus dem 2.Jh. nicht restlos geklärt [3; 4]. Das spätre…

Antonius

(4,132 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kaster, Robert A. (Princeton) | Eck, Werner (Köln) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
Plebeischer Gentilname, nachweisbar vom 5. Jh. v. Chr. bis zum Ende der Ant. ([II 13] und [II 14] sind wohl gegen die Quellen keine Patrizier). Prominenz erlangte die Familie im 2. Jh. v. Chr. mit dem Redner M. Antonius [I 7] und seinen Nachkommen. Pseudogenealogie sah in Ἄντων, einem Heraklessohn, den Ahnherren (Plut. Ant. 4,2; 36,7; 60,5). I. Republik [English version] [I 1] A., A. Gesandter 168 v. Chr. Gesandter an Perseus nach der Schlacht von Pydna 168 v. Chr. wegen seiner Auslieferung (Liv. 45,4,7). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [I 2] A., C. Hybrida, cos. 6…

Bucilianus

(32 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[English version] Teilnehmer an der Verschwörung gegen Caesar (App. civ. 2,474; 493). Kurze Erwähnung bei Cicero (Att. 16,4,4; 15,17,2) im Zusammenhang mit Fluchtplänen im Sommer 44 v.Chr. Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)

Hirtia

(94 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[English version] Schwester des Hirtius, die Cicero im Jahre 46 v.Chr. nach der Scheidung von Terentia offenbar von ihrem Bruder als Ehefrau angetragen wurde. Cicero lehnte mit der Begründung, Ehe und Philosophie vertrügen sich nicht (Hieron. adv. Iovinianum 1,48), ab und heiratete die junge und reiche Publilia. Vermutlich bezieht sich auch ein Brief Ciceros (Att. 12,11) vom Nov. 46 auf H., in dem er Atticus mitteilte, er habe noch nie etwas Häßlicheres gesehen ( nihil vidi foedius). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) Bibliography J. Kerschensteiner, Cicero und Hirtius, in: FS S. Lauffer,…

Actorius

(42 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[English version] A. Naso, M., Verf. eines Werkes über Caesar bzw. seine Zeit. Es war offenbar gegen diesen gerichtet, beschuldigte ihn der Teilnahme an der sog. 1. Catilinarischen Verschwörung und enthielt auch Klatschgeschichten (Suet. Iul. 9,3; 52,1). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)

Licinius

(11,186 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Nadig, Peter C. (Duisburg) | Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Müller, Christian (Bochum) | Walde, Christine (Basle) | Et al.
Name of probably the most important Roman plebeian family. The similarity to the Etruscan name lecne and the links between the gens and Etruria in historical times (L. [I 7]) suggest an origin in that region [1. 108, n. 3]; the name may, however, also be of Latin origin ( Licinus). The spelling with a double ‘n’ occurs not only in the Greek form Λικίννιος ( Likínnios), but also in Latin inscriptions [1. 108, n. 1]. In the annalistic historical records dealing with the early Republic, members of the family appear among the earliest people's tribunes, reaching their polit…

Ariovistus

(676 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[German version] King of a Germanic people. Plin. HN 2,170 calls him (without explicitly mentioning the name A.) rex Sueborum, Mela 3,45 rex Botorum (= Nep. F 29), Caes. B. Gall. 1,31,10 and Front. Strat. 2,1,16 rex Germanorum and Liv. per. 104 dux. The Roman terms are imprecise (the term Suebi was only a collective designation for Germanic tribes on the right Rhine bank, the Boti are unknown), maybe A. was a ruler of the Triboci, who lived in Alsace and the Palatinate [2. 510: Tribocorum instead of Botorum]. Our knowledge depends almos…

Ateius

(581 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kaster, Robert A. (Princeton) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main)
Italic proper name [1. 347, 426], traceable in the public life of Rome since the 1st cent. BC, not very common. [German version] [1] A. Legate of M. Antonius in Gaul, 41/40 BC Legate (?) of M.  Antonius in Gallia in 41/40 BC (MRR 3,26). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] A., M. Centurio during the storming of Athens in 86 BC centurio, distinguished himself during the storming of Athens in 86 BC (Plut. Sull. 14,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Schulze. [German version] [3] A. Capito, C. Tribunus plebis 55 BC Fought as tribunus plebis from 55 BC together with…

Caninius

(427 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
Plebeian family name, attested from the 2nd cent. BC. (Schulze, 144; ThlL, Onom. 137f.). [German version] [1] C. Gallus, L. People's tribune 56 BC People's tribune 56 BC; he sought, without success, the reinstatement of Ptolemy Auletes in Egypt (MRR 2,209). In 56 BC, he was defended by Cicero (Fam. 7,1,4), in 51 BC in Athens frequently in his company, and visited him in Rome in 46 BC. He died in 44 BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] C. Gallus, L. Consul in 37 BC Son of C. [1], consul of 37 BC with M. Vipsanius  Agrippa (MRR 2,395; PIR 22 C 389). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) …

Antonius

(5,913 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum) | Berschin, Walter (Heidelberg) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Et al.
[German version] A. Greek (Ἀντώνιος; Antṓnios). [German version] [1] Thallus Epigrammatic poet, 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC Epigrammatic poet from Miletus (according to [2] he had received Roman citizenship, through the patronage of Antonia Minor) lived in the 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC (in Anth. Pal. 6,235 the birth of a Καῖσαρ [ Kaîsar] is celebrated, who is to be equated with either C. Julius Caesar, the grandson of Augustus, or with Germanicus). His five epigrams, which derive from the ‘Garland’ of Philippus, are certainly conventional in their…

Hirtia

(98 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[German version] Sister of  Hirtius. In 46 BC she was evidently offered by her brother to Cicero as a possible wife after his divorce from Terentia. Cicero declined on the grounds that marriage and philosophy are incompatible (Hieron. Adversus Iovinianum 1,48), and married the young and rich Publilia. H. is probably alluded to in a letter written by Cicero (Att. 12,11) dated November 46 BC, in which he informs Atticus that he had never seen anything so ugly ( nihil vidi foedius). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) Bibliography J. Kerschensteiner, Cicero und Hirtius, in: FS S. Lauffer, vol. 2,…

Labienus

(862 words)

Author(s): Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Schmidt, Peter L. (Constance)
Nomen gentile of Etruscan origin; the family, which belonged to Rome's equestrian class, came from northern Picenum (Cic. Rab. perd. 22; Caes. B Civ. 1,15,2). [German version] [1] L., Q. Slain in the Curia c. 100 BC Uncle of L. [3], supported L. Ap(p)uleius [I 11] Saturninus in 100 BC and was slain at his side in the Curia on the Forum Romanum (Cic. Rab. perd. 14; 18; 20-22; Oros. 5,17,9). Frigo, Thomas (Bonn) [German version] [2] L. (Parthicus), Q. Commander in Asia Minor and Armenia c. 40 BC Son of L. [3]. At the end of 43 BC he undertook treaty negotiations at the behest of the m…

Iulius

(18,763 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Nadig, Peter C. (Duisburg) | Liebermann, Wolf-Lüder (Bielefeld) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Et al.
Name of an old patrician family, probably connected with the name of the god  Jupiter [1. 281; 2. 729]. The gens was one of the so-called ‘Trojan families’, who were said to have moved from Alba Longa to Rome under king Tullus Hostilius [I 4] (see below). The Iulii were prominent in the 5th and 4th cents. BC. Their connection to the family branch of the Caesares, which rose to prominence from the 3rd cent. and whose outstanding member was the dictator  Caesar (with family tree), is unclear. Caesar's adoptive son,…

Claudius

(10,704 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf) | Et al.
Name of a Roman lineage (Sabine Clausus, with the vernacular variant of   Clodius , esp. in the 1st cent. BC). The Claudii supposedly immigrated to Rome from the Sabine city of Regillum at the beginning of the republic in 504 BC under their ancestor Att(i)us Clausus ( Appius) and were immediately accepted into the circle of patrician families (Liv. 2,16,4-6), which explains why the early members received the invented epithets of Inregillensis C. [I 5-6] and Sabinus C. [I 31-32], [1. 155f.]. The praenomen Appius came to signify the family. Named after them was the Tribus Claudi…

Aelius

(3,107 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Giaro, Tomasz (Frankfurt/Main) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Et al.
Name of a Roman plebeian house (originally Ailius), verifiable from the 4th cent. BC until the late imperial era. The most important families are the Paeti (since the 4th cent. BC), Tuberones (since the 2nd cent. BC), and from the 1st cent. also the Galli and Lamiae. In the imperial era, especially since Hadrian, the most famous bearer of the name, the name Aelius is so widespread that it -- just like Flavius and Aurelius -- loses its character as nomen gentile. I. Republic [German version] [I 1] Ae. Unknown author of a lex Aelia, mid 2nd cent. BC unknown author of a lex Aelia (mostly mentioned t…

Actorius

(44 words)

Author(s): Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
[German version] A. Naso, M., author of a work about  Caesar and his time. This work was obviously directed against Caesar, accused him of participating in the so-called first Catiline conspiracy and also contained gossip (Suet. Iul. 9,3; 52,1). Will, Wolfgang (Bonn)
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