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Turullius

(134 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] (T., D. according to coin legends; T., P. according to Cass. Dio 51,8,2). Quaestor in 44 BC and one of Caesar's assassins. He then went with L. Tillius [2] Cimber to Bithynia and supported him in equipping a fleet. After the Battle of Philippi in 42 he remained with the still unbeaten fleet, then crossed to the side of M. Antonius [I 9]. To build the latter's fleet he (probably with the rank of praef.) had some of the trees of the Grove of Asclepius on Cos lumbered and in 31 he minted coins for him (RRC 545). After Antonius' defeat in 30 he was deliv…

Pollio

(45 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, probably derived from the nomen gentile Pollius; in the Republican period only in the Asinii family (Asinius [I 4]; [II 12]); common in the Imperial period [1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 37; 164 2 D. Reichmuth, Die lateinischen Gentilicia, 1956, 69.

Regillus

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (diminutive of rex, 'king'); in the Republican era, a byname of the family of the Aemilii (Aemilius [I 35-36]); in the Imperial era, also in other families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Degrassi, FCIR, 265 2 Kajanto, Cognomina, 316.

Ancharia

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Wife of C. Octavius, of the father of  Augustus, mother of the elder  Octavia (Suet. Aug. 4,1; Plut. Ant. 31,2). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Messalinus

(41 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Originally, a cognomen in the family of the Valerii ( Valerius), from them it passed over to the family of the Aurelii (Aurelius [II 13]); epithet of C. Prastina Pacatus M. ( cos. AD 147). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Naso

(53 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Widespread Roman cognomen (‘large-nosed’), which does not, however, occur in distinguished families of the Republican period; the family of some of its bearers cannot be determined. The most prominent figure to bear the name was the poet P. Ovidius Naso. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 237 2 Walde/Hofmann 2, 146.

Denter

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (cf. Dentatus) of the Caecilii [I 25] and M.  Livius D. (cos. 302 BC). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 224.

Vitulus

(17 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen ('young bull') with Mamilius [6-7]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 329.

Laevinus

(26 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen for the Valerii in the Republican era, no longer attested in the Imperial period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 243.

Scipionic inscriptions

(379 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Term referring to the nine extant sarcophagus inscriptions of the so-called 'Tomb of the Scipios', the burial place of the Cornelii Scipiones from c. the mid 3rd cent. to the end of the 2nd cent. BC (CIL I2 6-16, ILLRP 309-317). The earliest texts are the eulogies for L. Cornelius [I 76] Scipio Barbatus ( cos. 298) and his son L. Cornelius [I 65] Scipio ( cos. 259), each consisting of a painted name followed by a chiseled poem in saturnian metre (most scholars date the eulogy to the father later than the one to the son; for a contemporaneous creation [7]). Other than…

Capitolinus

(64 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, probably originally an indication of the bearer's or his family's place of residence. For the early Republican Age, it is transmitted for the families of the Maelii, Quinctii, and Tarpei, and prominent with the Manlii; in the Imperial Age, it was widespread. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography ThlL, Onom. 166f. Kajanto, Cognomina, 183 H. Gundel, s.v. Quinctii Capitolini, RE 24, 1010.

Get(h)a

(49 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the Getan’), in the Republican period of C. Licinius G. ( cos. in 116 BC) and C. Hosidius G., in the Imperial period ─ in the form Geta ─ also among the Hosidii and Septimii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR 253 Kajanto, Cognomina 204.

Scaurus

(29 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen ('with prominent ankles'), in the Republican period in the Aemilii (Aemilius [I 37-38]) and Aurelii (Aurelius [17-18]) families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 242.

Libo

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, in the Republican period in the families of the Iulii, Livii, Poetelii and Scribonii, in the Imperial period in the Anni, Flavii, Livii, Scribonii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Imperios(s)us

(30 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, designating excessive personal harshness, in the Republican period in the Manlii family ( Manlius) in the 4th cent. BC. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 266.

Abbius

(92 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Oppianicus, Statius. Roman knight from Larinum. He tried to have his stepson A.  Cluentius Habitus poisoned and was therefore accused by him of murder in 74 BC, convicted, and died in exile in 72.  Cicero defended Cluentius against the counterclaim of the stepmother in 66 that Cluentius had tried to poison A. and accused the latter of the murder of other family members, falsification of the will, bribing of judges, and other crimes (Cic. Clu. passim). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography C.J. Classen, Recht, Rhet., Politik, 1985, 15-119 Nicolet 2, 755-756.

Gnipho

(26 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (from Greek Γνίφων; Gníphōn, ‘miser’), epithet of Mark Antony [I 12] G., the teacher of Caesar and Cicero. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Lars

(87 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Latin form of the common Etruscan praenomen lar and its variants (references: [4. 205-208]; the Latin form Lar is only uncertainly documented, Liber de praenominibus 4; [2]). Known bearers: L. Porsenna, king of Clusium 508 BC; L. Herminius Coritinesanus (?), cos. 448 BC, and L. Tolumnius, king of Veii (2nd half 5th cent. BC). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 H. Rix, Das etr. Cognomen, 1963, 273, 348 2 O. Salomies, Die röm. Vornamen, 1986, 31f. 3 Schulze, 84 4 Thesaurus linguae Etruscae 1, 1978.

Tubertus

(18 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (connected with tuber, 'swelling'), Postumius [I 17]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 246.

Torquatus

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (decorated with a Torque (I.)), prominent in the Manlii family (cf. Manlius [I 12; 14-21]). Legend on its origin in Liv. 7,10,11. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 346.

Gratidia

(61 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Sister of M. Gratidius [2] The sister of M. Gratidius [2], married to M. Tullius Cicero, the grandfather of the orator (Cic. Leg. 3,36). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] True name of the in Horace repeatedly named sorceress Canidia The true name of the sorceress  Canidia, who is repeatedly named in Horace. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Tertullus

(22 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Common Roman cognomen, derivative (diminutive) of Tertius . Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR, 270  Kajanto, Cognomina, 128; 292.

Sertorius, Q.

(533 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] B. 123 BC at Nursia (Samnium), of an equestrian family. He gained military experience in 105/4 under Q. Servilius [I 12] Caepio and C. Marius [I 1] in the wars against the Cimbri and Teutoni, and in 98-93 under T. Didius [I 4] in Spain, where he particularly distinguished himself and acquired intimate knowledge of the country. In 91, S. was quaestor in Gallia Cisalpina, after which he fought in the Social War [3]. In 89 or 88, his candidature for the people's tribunate was thwarte…

Lepidus

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, recorded in the Republican period for the Aemilii [I 7-17; II 7-9] and other families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FC, 256.

Gallonius

(97 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Family name, also Galonius, Calonius (Schulze 171); bearers of this name are attested several times but are of little historical significance. [German version] [1] G., C. City leader of Gades 49 BC Roman eques, was sent by L. Domitius [I 8] Ahenobarbus to Gades to administer an inheritance in 49 BC, became city leader in the Civil War there, but withdrew in favour of Caesar (Caes. B Civ. 2,18,2; 20,2f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] G., P. Gourmet by Lucilius 1238 M. Made proverbial by Lucilius (1238 M.) as a gourmet and glutton. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Patulcius

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Uncommon Roman family name. Its best-known representative, Q.P., and L. Cornificius brought a successful action against T. Annius [I 14] Milo in 52 BC for 'use of force' ( de vi) (Ascon. 54 C.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Schulze, 142.

Calvus

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘bald-head’) of the Caecilii Metelli, Cornelii Scipiones, Licinii et al. (ThlL, Onom. 111f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 235.

Turbo

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] see Top See Top Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Roman cognomen Roman cognomen ('whirlwind'), perhaps originally a one-off description, recorded only in the Imperial period: Marcius [II 14]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 339  Degrassi, FCIR, 271.

Aurelia

(115 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Wife of C. Iulius Caesar and mother of the dictator Caesar Probably the daughter of C.  Aurelius [I 5] Cotta and the sister of L. Aurelius Cotta (Münzer, 327), wife of C.  Iulius Caesar and mother of the dictator Caesar. She discovered P. Clodius at the  Bona Dea festival at the end of 62 BC in Caesar's house (Plut. Caes. 10.2; Suet. Iul. 74,2, among others). Died before September 54. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] A. Orestilla Second wife of Catilina Widow, then lover and since the middle of the 60s BC the second wife, of Catilina (Sall.…

Agrius

(68 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] C., Roman knight (1st cent. BC) A., C., Roman knight, friend of Varro, introduced in the first book of Rust. probably because of his evocative name. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Publeianus, L., Roman knight (1st cent. BC) A. Publeianus, L., Roman knight, witness in the trial of Flaccus (Cic. Flac. 31), probably negotiator in Asia. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Nicolet 2, 768-769.

Mamercinus

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen in the Republican period in the families of the Aemilii ( Aemilius [I 18-26]) and Pinarii. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 176.

Malleolus

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] see Arrow see Arrow Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [German version] [2] Roman cognomen Cognomen (from malleus, hammer) in the family of the Publicii in the Republican period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 342.

Asellio

(20 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Nickname (‘the donkey drover’) in the family of the Sempronians. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 323.

Licinus

(136 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Originally a rare praenomen, either of Etruscan origin or derived from the Latin adjective licinus (‘curved backwards’, Serv. Georg. 3,55); hence the gentile name Licinius. Later, it occurs as a cognomen, possibly with the meaning ‘hair combed backwards’ [1. 236; 2. 33], in the Republican period in the families of the Fabii and Porcii, in Imperial times with the Clodii (C. [II 6]), Larcii and Passieni. Also documented as a name for slaves, the most prominent of which is Caesar's freedman (C. Iulius) L., who in…

Buteo

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the goshawk’) amongst the Fabii (ThlL 2,2259). Legend of the adoption of the name in Plin. HN 10,21. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Gegania

(79 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] A Roman lady, who entered into a relationship with an ugly slave by the name of Clesippus and eventually made him her heir (probably in the 2nd half of the 1st cent. BC). After her death he called himself Clesippus Geganius and had built for himself an expensive tomb of which the inscription is still preserved (Plin. HN 34,11f.; ILLRP 696). This widespread story may underlie the character of Trimalchio in  Petronius. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Bubulcus

(42 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the oxen driver’) in the family of the Iunii (ThlL 2,2223). The first bearer of this name, according to Plin. HN. 18,10, received it because of his success in working with oxen ( bubus). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Bellinus

(21 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] captured by pirates when he was praetor in 68 BC (?), (Plut. Pomp. 24,9). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Anneius

(24 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman gentilicium M., legate of Cicero in Cilicia 51-50 BC (Cic. Fam. 13,55 and passim; MRR 2,244). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Faberius

(107 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman surname (Schulze, 161). F., private secretary ( scriba, γραμματεύς; grammateús) of Caesar; identical to the F. mentioned frequently by Cicero in spring 45 BC who had been given a loan by Cicero, the repayment of which involved irregularities that only Atticus could rectify (Cic. Att. 12-15). After the murder of Caesar, F. helped M. Antonius [I 9] to falsify the decrees of the dictator (App. B. Civ. 3,16; Cic. Att. 14,18,1). He probably died shortly afterwards. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography H. P. Benöhr, Fabianum negotium, in: ZRG 106, 1986, …

Cursor

(17 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (‘runner, courier’) in the gens Papiria. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 361.

Carbo

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the ulcer’) of the most important plebeian branches of the  Papirii in the 2nd and 1st cents. BC (Cic. Fam. 9,21,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography ThlL, Onom. 183f. Kajanto, Cognomina, 341…

Quirinius

(15 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen of P. Sulpicius Q. ( cos. 12 AD). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Crus

(37 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Nickname (‘lower leg’) referring to a peculiarity of the legs; cognomen in the family of the Cornelii ( Cornelius [I 50]) Lentuli. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography A. Hug, s.v. Spitznamen, RE 3A, 1828 Kajanto, Cognomina 225.

Orestilla

(12 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen of Fabia [6] O. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Vidacilius

(68 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Rare Italic nomen gentile. C. V. from Asculum was one of the rebelling Italici in the Social Wars [3] 91-89 BC (App. Civ. 1,181). He was in action initially in Picenum, then in Bruttium; in the winter of 90/89 he breached the siege of Cn. Pompeius [I 8] Strabo around Asculum, but committed suicide there because of the hopeless situation (App. Civ. 1,207-209; Oros. 5,18,21). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Figulus

(34 words)

Quirinalis

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, from residence on the Mons Quirinalis, first appeared in the Imperial era. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Degrassi, FCIR, 265 2 Kajanto, Cognomina, 184.

Barba

(21 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘the Beard’) of the  Cassii,  Lucretii,  Sulpicii and other families (ThlL 2,1727f.). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Hostus

(32 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Rare Latin praenomen of unknown origin (in the sources commonly confused with Hostius),  Hostilius [3] and H. Lucretius Tricipitinus (consul in 429 BC) Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Salomie…

Scaeva

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Probably originally a Roman personal name, recorded as a cognomen ('left-handed') e.g. in the Iunii Bruti (Iunius [I 17]) family. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 Kajanto, Cognomina, 17; 105; 243 2 Schulze, 419.

Creticus

(34 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (originally the epithet of a victor) in the family of the Caecilii Metelli ( Caecilius [I 23] and [II 16]) and of Mark Antony [I 8] C. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Hostilia, Quarta

(50 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Wife in her second marriage of C. Calpurnius [I 9] Piso (consul 180 BC), condemned for allegedly poisoning her husband in office in order to help to the consulate a son of her first marriage, Q. Fulvius [I 11] Flaccus (Liv. 40,37,5-7). …

Albanius

(31 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] C., senator before 60 BC, father-in-law of P. Sestius (Cic. Sest. 6; MRR 2,487 [1]) Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography 1 D. R. Shackleton Bailey, Two studies in Roman nomenclature, 21991, 5. …

Silanus

(57 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (possibly from silus, 'snub-nosed'; according to the ancient interpretation from silanus, a gargoyle in the form of a head of Silenus), in the Republican period hereditary in the family of the Iunii (Iunius [I 28-35; II 29-41]); in the Imperial period also in other families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCap., 148  Kajanto, Cognomina, 237.

Martha

(81 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Syrian prophetess who came to Rome in 105 BC. Although M. had been banned from practising her art by the Senate, she gained access to members of the high nobility by correctly predicting the outcome of gladiatorial fights. In 102, Iulia [1] sent her to her husband C. Marius [I 1] in Gallia where she helped to lift the morale of the Roman troops who were fighting the Teutons (Plut. Marius 17,2-5 after Posidonius). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Siculus

(25 words)

Crassus

(101 words)

Caudex

(28 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Cognomen (‘the ship's plank’) of Ap. Claudius C., cos. 264 BC; the original legend was passed down through Seneca (dial. 10,13,4). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Tubero

(19 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (from tuber, 'swelling'), Aelius [I 12-18]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 119; 246.

Luscus

(33 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘one-eyed’), in the Republican period in the families of the Annii, Atilii, Fabii, Furri and Postumii, disappeared by the Imperial period. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 238.

Barbula

(37 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen (‘Milksop’) of the Aemilii (ThlL 2,1728). In addition, the name of the commander of M.  Antonius at Actium; B. was later pardoned by Octavian (App. B Civ. 4,210-214). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Pulvillus

(22 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen ('small cushion') in the family of the Horatii (Horatius [5-6]). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 348.

Calavius

(157 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Campanian family name, whose bearers were highly respected in Capua, and who in the Republican age were one of Rome's foremost enemies (ThlL, Onom. 71). [German version] [1] Calavii Arsonists in Rome, executed 210 BC were executed for arson in Rome in 210 BC (Liv. 26,27). …

Silo

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, in the Republican period of the leader of the Marsi Q. Poppaedius S., in the Imperial period in the Larcii and Pompeii families. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Degrassi, FCIR, 268  …

Ovius

(31 words)

Laeca

(21 words)

Veiento

(22 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Roman cognomen, originally indicating origin (Veii); Fabricius [II 2] and Perperna [5]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 119; 189 f.

Merenda

(38 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] [1] Cognomen of M. Antonius [I 13] and among the Cornelii Cognomen of M. Antonius [I 13] and of the Cornelii family. …

Laetorius

(319 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Roman family name of Etruscan origin [1. 187; 200; 205]. The gens is attested firmly from the end of the 4th cent. BC; 5th century bearers of the name are annalistic inventions (the people's tribune 471 BC: Liv. 2,56, 6-15; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 9,46,1-48,5). Originally plebeian, the family was patrician from the time of Caesar or Augustus (Suet. Aug. 5,1; [2. 89f.]). [German version] [1] L., C. Curule aedile in 216 BC Curule aedile in 216 BC, propraetor in Gaul in 209, legate in Greece (?) in 205, in Upper Italy in 200, Triumvir at the foundation of the colony in Croton in 194 (Liv. 34,45,4). Elvers,…

Genucius

(698 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name of an old family, perhaps immigrants from Etruria [1. 456f.]. One of the leading families of plebeian nobility in the 4th and 3rd cents. BC: G. [9] occupied the office of consul immediately after it was opened up to plebeians (in 367/6), G. [1] belonge…

Hirtuleius, L.

(123 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] Probably quaestor in 86 or 85 BC (introduction of the dual accounting system for debts under the lex Valeria, Cic. Font. 2), 79-75 BC proquaestor of the renegade Q.  Sertorius in Spain and his most capable officer. In 79 he defeated the governor M. Domitius [I 11] Calvinus at the Anas, in 78 the proconsul…

Braetius

(63 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Roman personal name (ThlL 2,2163). [German version] [1] B. Sura, Q. Legate in Macedonia, 87 BC Legate ( pro quaestore) of C.  Sentius Saturninus in Macedonia, successfully fought against Mithridates VI's troops in Boeotia in 87 BC (H. Gaebler, Die ant. Münzen v. Makedonia und Paionia 1, 1906, no. 225; name: IG…

Cynegius

(137 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[German version] (Maternus Cynegius, ILS 1273). Probably born in Spain, Christian. Under  Theodosius I in AD 381 vicarius (?), 383 comes sacrarum largitionum, 383/ 384 quaestor sacri palatii. As praefectus praetorio Orientis 384-388, C. i…

Orestilla

(12 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Cognomen der Fabia [6] O. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Regillensis

(40 words)

Baliaricus

(27 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Siegerbeiname des Q. Caecilius Metellus ( cos. 123 v.Chr.), den er nach seinem Triumph 121 über die Baliaren annahm (InscrIt 13,1,83). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Luscinus

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“einäugig”, Plin. nat. 11,150), in republikan. Zeit in der Familie der Fabricii (Fabricius [I 3 und 4]). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Cursor

(17 words)

Cossus

(56 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Cognomen, vielleicht etr. Herkunft und wohl zunächst Praenomen (Schulze, 158, 519; Kajanto, Cognomina 178); Beiname eines der ältesten Zweige der Cornelii (Cornelius [I 20-22]). Die Deutung als Spitzname “Holzwurm” ist unsicher [1]; in der frühen Kaiserzeit auch wieder als Praenomen bei einigen Cornelii Lentuli (Cornelius [II 26-27]). Elvers, Ka…

Crus

(34 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Spitzname (“Unterschenkel”) nach der Besonderheit der Beine; Cognomen in der Familie der Cornelii (Cornelius [I 50]) Lentuli. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography A. Hug, s.v. Spitznamen, RE 3A, 1828  Kajanto, Cognomina 225.

Anneius

(23 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] röm. Gentilname M., Legat Ciceros in Cilicien 51-50 v. Chr. (Cic. fam. 13,55 u.ö.; MRR 2,244). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Iullus

(30 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Name (auch hsl. Iulus) des Sohnes des Aineias (Iulus); Beiname in der Familie der Iulii [I 13-16]; Vorname des I. Antonius [II 1]. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)

Nobilior

(29 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“besonders vornehm”; nobiles ); prominent in der Familie der Fulvii (Fulvius [I 15-17]), aber auch sonst verbreitet. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 72; 279.

Cn.

(30 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Abkürzung des seltenen lat. Praenomens Gnaeus (altlat. Gnaivos, oskisch Gnaivs, etr. cneve), von (g)naevus, “Muttermal”, auch Gn abgekürzt. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Walde/Hofmann, 1, 613  Salomies, 29f.

Gallius

(178 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Lat. Familienname (Schulze 424), urspr. vielleicht Abstammung von einem Gallus bezeichnend. [English version] [1] G., M. Anhänger des M. Antonius 43 v.Chr. 44 v.Chr. oder früher Praetor, diente 43 bei Mutina unter M. Antonius [I 9] und kämpfte auch gegen Octavian; testamentarisch adoptierte er den späteren Kaiser Tiberius (Cic. Phil. 13,26; Suet. Tib. 6,3). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] G., Q. Von Cicero gegen Wahlbestechungklage verteidigt 67 v.Chr. plebeischer Aedil, gab im J. 66 prunkvolle Spiele, war 65 als Praetor Vorsitzender im Proz…

Agrius

(65 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] [1] C., röm. Ritter (1. Jh. v. Chr.) A., C., röm. Ritter, Freund Varros, im 1. B. rust. wohl wegen seines sprechenden Namens eingeführt. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] Publeianus, L., röm. Ritter (1. Jh. v. Chr.) A. Publeianus, L., röm. Ritter, Zeuge im Prozeß des Flaccus (Cic. Flacc. 31), wohl negotiator in Asia. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Nicolet 2, 768-769.

Genucius

(616 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name einer alten, vielleicht aus Etrurien eingewanderten [1. 456f.] und im 4. und 3. Jh. v.Chr. führenden Familie der plebeischen Nobilität: G. [9] bekleidete unmittelbar nach der Zulassung der Plebeier zum Consulat (367/6) dieses Amt, G. [1] gehörte zu den ersten plebeischen Auguren. Die Historizität der patrizischen Namensträger G. [5]-[7] ist umstritten [2. 111; 3. 12f.]. Die Familie starb am Ende des 3. Jh. v.Chr. aus. [English version] [1] G., C. Einer der ersten plebeischen Auguren 300 v. Chr. War einer der ersten nach der lex Ogulnia von 300 v.Chr. eingesetzten plebei…

Nerius

(88 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Seltener röm. Eigenname (als Praenomen, Familienname und Beiname inschr. bezeugt). Auch Name einer gallo-röm. Quellgottheit (Néris-Les Bains). [English version] [1] Geldverleiher mit juristischen Kenntnissen Geldverleiher mit juristischen Kenntnissen (Hor. sat. 2,3,69 mit Porphyrio z. St.; vgl. Pers. 2,14). …

Carvilius

(303 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Name einer (wohl zugewanderten) plebeischen Familie, im 3./2.Jh. v.Chr. bezeugt und später wieder verschwunden (ThlL, Onom. 219f.; Schulze, 139, A.8; 403; 454). Der Quaestor und Zeuge im Camillusprozeß 391, Sp. Carvilius (MRR 1,93), dürfte später erfunden sein; auch ein Britenhäuptling hieß C. (Caes. Gall. 5,22,1). [English version] [1] C., L. Volkstribun 212 v. Chr. Volkstribun 212 v.Chr. zusammen mit Sp. C., vielleicht sein Bruder. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] C., Sp. Leiter einer Schreibschule, 3. Jh. v. Chr. Freigelassener des Sp. C. Maximus Ruga…

Cotta

(20 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Cognomen in der gens Aurelia (Aurelius [I 2-12 und II 13]). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina 106.

Privernas

(25 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (“Sieger über Privernum”), Beiname des L. Aemilius [I 24] Mamercinus P. (vielleicht nachträglich erfunden). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 182.

Lateranus

(43 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Röm. Cognomen (urspr. “der <vom Wohnsitz> auf dem Hügel”); in republikan. Zeit bei L. Sextius L. ( cos. 366 v.Chr.), in der Kaiserzeit auch in den Familien der Claudii, Magii, Plautii und Sextii vorkommend. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bib…

Asellio

(18 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Beiname (“der Eseltreiber”) in der Familie der Sempronier. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) Bibliography Kajanto, Cognomina, 323.

Catulus

(27 words)

Hospes

(24 words)

Lamponius, M.

(114 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
[English version] Führer der Lucaner im Bundesgenossenkrieg [3] 90 v.Chr. und einer der zwölf Praetoren des Bundes (App. civ. 1,181). Unter dem Kommando von Pontius Telesinus kämpfte L. erfolgreich gegen P. Licinius [I 15] Crassus (App. civ. 1,184; vgl. Frontin. strat. 2,4,16). L. setzte den Kampf noch bis 87 in Bruttium fort und schloß sich dann den Marianern an. 82 versuchte er mit anderen vergeblich, den von L…

Curius

(260 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum)
Plebeischer Gentilname, seit dem Anfang des 3. Jh.v.Chr. bezeugt (ThlL, Onom. 2, 760-762). [English version] [1] Proconsul zwischen 47 und 45 v. Chr Sonst unbekannter Proconsul zwischen 47 und 45 v. Chr (Adressat von Cic. fam. 13,49). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [2] C., M. Volkstribun 198 v.Chr. Volkstribun 198 v.Chr., erhob Einspruch gegen die Wahl des T.Quinctius Flamininus zum Consul (Liv. 32,7,8). Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) [English version] [3] C., Q. Catilinarier, verriet 63 v.Chr. die Verschwörung 70 v.Chr. als ehemaliger Quaestor (?) aus dem …
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