[German version]  Roman Goddess of the moon Latin for moon. Gordon, Richard L. (Ilmmünster) [German version] A. Overview Deity as well as celestial body, L. was considered the subordinate (female) counterpart to Sol, the sun. In Roman etymology, the name derives from the Latin
lucēre, ‘to shine’ (Varro, Ling. 5,68; Cic. Nat. D. 2,68), in modern etymology from the feminine form of the corresponding adjective *
louqsna (connected to
Lucina , cf.
losna in Praeneste, CIL I2 549). Gordon, Richard L. (Ilmmünster) [German version] B. Public cult and temple The Roman antiquarians believed that the cult of L. was introduced to Rome, together with those of Sol, Saturn, Ops and other deities, by T. Tatius, the Sabinian co-ruler of Romulus (Varro, Ling. 5,74; Dion. Hal. Ant. Rom. 2,50,3). There is, however, very little evidence for an original indigenous Italian cult of the moon. It is most likely that an original Latin cult was influenced at an early stage by the Greek Artemis/ Selene. Roman coin representations after the late 3rd cent. BC (RRC 39/4…