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Magna Graecia

(3,167 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Olshausen, Eckart (Stuttgart) | Lamboley, Jean-Luc (Grenoble)
(Μεγάλη Ἑλλάς/ Megálē Hellás, ‘Great Greece’). I. Geography and history [German version] A. Definition From a geographical point of view, the concept of Magna Graecia (MG) is superimposed on Italia without being identical with it. In the 5th cent. BC, it referred to the outermost part of Italia, surrounded by the Tyrrhenian and Ionian Seas from Laus [2] to Metapontium. Later MG was used for the whole part of Southern Italy that had been settled by Greeks, from Taras to Cyme [2]. The term Megálē Hellás was already widespread around the middle of the 5th cent. BC. There seem to be…


(318 words)

Author(s): Lamboley, Jean-Luc (Grenoble)
[German version] (Παλικοί/ Palikoí, Lat. Palici). The P. are twin deities who came from indigenous Sicily and lived in Siculian territory. Their history is nly known to us from literary sources. According to Aeschylus' Aetnaeae , they were sons of Zeus and Thalia, the daughter of Hephaestus. In order to protect herself from Hera's jealousy, Thalia hid in the earth; at birth the children emerged from the earth like resurrected people (their name means 'they who return'). The sanctuary of P. was identified in 1962, close to the lak…