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(401 words)

Author(s): Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
[German version] On the coast near the modern town of S., half-way between Naples and Rome is a site, described in Antiquity as a praetorium (Suet. Tib. 39) or villa (Tac. Ann. 4,59), with a grotto in the rock in which Tiberius was supposed to have almost been killed by falling lumps of stone. In essence the site consists of three complexes: a large court area directly on the sea behind a terrace bordered by porticoes, the central building of the villa, and, opposite, the grotto (plan: A), architecturally…

Poseidonia, Paistos, Paestum

(1,150 words)

Author(s): Muggia, Anna (Pavia) | Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
This item can be found on the following maps: Social Wars | Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | | Coloniae | Coloniae | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization | Regio, regiones (Ποσειδωνία/ Poseidōnía: Aristot. Mir. 839a 30; Παιστός/ Paistós: Str. 5,4,13; Ποσειδωνιάς/ Poseidōniás: Scymn. 248; 'Oscan' Παῖστον/ Paîston: Ptol. 3,1,8; Posidonia: Liv. Per. 14; Plin. HN. 3,71; Latin Paestum: Plin. loc. cit.; Pestum: Tab. Peut. 6,5). [German version] I. History Town in Lucania (Aristot. loc. cit.) on the south coast of the Gulf of Salerno (Str. loc. cit.: Π…

Praenestine cistae

(246 words)

Author(s): Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
[German version] Vessels for toiletries, mainly produced in Praeneste (Palestrina), in the form of a cista . The usually cylindrical body of the vessel was either made completely of bronze or consisted of a wooden or leather core with bronze ornamentation. The figured lid-handles, the feet and the holders for small chains on the walls of the vessels were fitted by various craftsmen at different stages of manufacture. Production of PC had already begun by the middle of the 5th cent. and reached its peak in the 4th and 3rd cents. BC. Only a few cistae have been found outside Palestrina - i…


(375 words)

Author(s): Lesky, Michael (Tübingen)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Umbri, Umbria | Villanova Culture | Etrusci, Etruria | Etrusci, Etruria | Italy, languages | Colonization (Plin. HN. 3,51,52; Etruscan Velch?, Ὄλκιον/ Ólkion, Steph. Byz. s. v.). City in southern Maremma on the western bank of the River Fiora which connected V. with the interior of Etruria and the coast 12 km away. Already settled in the Neolithic and in the Copper Age, V. flourished for the first time in the 9th and 8th cents. BC (Villanova culture). From the end o…


(4,388 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Lesky, Michael (Tübingen) | Niemeyer, Hans Georg (Hamburg) | Oepen, Alexis
(σαρκοφάγος/ sarkophágos, stone coffin, literally 'flesh-eater'; Lat. arca, capsula and sarcofagus, Juv. 10,171). I. Graeco-Roman [German version] A. Material, typology, research Since the 18th cent., scholars have been referring to containers for corpses decorated with reliefs as sarcophagi. These were made of marble, less frequently of limestone, tuff, sandstone, granite, basalt or porphyry. Pliny describes a lapis ... sarcophagus from Assus (Plin. HN 2,210; 36,131) as 'corpse-consuming'. Terracotta and lead were used in certain regions. Wooden sarco…