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Noviodunum

(862 words)

Author(s): Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Walser, Gerold † (Basel)
[English version] [1] Hauptort der Suessiones Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Caesar | Coloniae | Gallia | Oppidum | Theater Hauptort der Suessiones, 57 v.Chr. von Caesar besetzt (Caes. Gall. 2,12). N. ist mit dem oppidum von Pommiers (westl. von Soisson, Dépt. Aisne) zu identifizieren. Dieses wurde spätestens unter Augustus aufgegeben, schon um 50 v.Chr. war ein neues in der Ebene bei Villeneuve-St.-Germain entstanden [1; 2]. Mit der Gründung des gallo-röm. civitas-Hauptortes Augusta Suessionum um 20 v.Chr. fanden beide Siedlungen ihr Ende. Schön, Franz (Regen…

Mediolan(i)um

(580 words)

Author(s): Heucke, Clemens (München) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Todd, Malcolm (Exeter) | Burian, Jan (Prag) | Et al.
(Μεδιολάν[ι]ον). [English version] [1] das h. Milano Dieser Ort ist auf folgenden Karten verzeichnet: Bataveraufstand | Bundesgenossensystem | Christentum | Coloniae | Italien, Sprachen | Pilgerschaft | Regio, regiones | Roma | Theater | Straßen Das h. Milano. Anf. des 4. Jh.v.Chr. Gründung durch Insubres (Liv. 5,34,9) an der Mündung mehrerer Alpentäler in der Ebene des Padus/Po (Pol. 2,34,10); 222 v.Chr. Eroberung durch Cn. Scipio; später wichtigste Stadt des Gebiets (Pol. 2,34,15). Nach einem Aufstand im zweiten Punischen Krieg kam M. 194…

Lactora

(157 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[English version] Vorort einer civitas in Aquitania, h. Lectoure (Département Gers), südl. von Aginnum (h. Agen). Weitere Namensbelege: Lacturatis, Notae Tironianae 87,77; Lactura, Itin. Anton. 462,5; Lactora, Tab. Peut. 2,2; Lacura, Geogr. Rav. 4,41; in provincia Novempopulana ... civitas Lactoratium, Notitia Galliarum 14; ordo Lactor( atium), CIL XIII 511. Ältestes histor. Zeugnis ist eine Ehreninschr. von 105 n.Chr., die einen procurat( or) provinciarum Lugduniensis et Aquitanicae item Lactorae nennt (CIL V 875 = ILS 1374). 22 Altäre belegen für das 2. und 3. Jh.n.Chr. ein taurobolium (…

Venelli

(134 words)

Segora

(90 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Mansio or vicus of the civitas of the Pictones in the province of Aquitania, 33 leagues (72·6 km) from Lemonum and 18 leagues (39·6 km) from Portus Namnetum (modern Nantes) or from Iuliomagus (modern Angers) (Tab. Peut. 2,3). Of 12 different proposed locations, that of La Ségourie (community of Le Fief-Sauvain,

Vindinum

(211 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Chief town of the civitas of the Aulerci Cenomani in Gallia Celtica, later Lugdunensis (Tab. Peut. 2,3: Subdinnum; Ptol. 2,8,9: Οὐίνδινον), modern Le Mans (in the département of Sarthe), important communications node on the Sarthe. Probably a late La Tène period oppidum in the area of the modern Vieux Mans (Celtic sculptures in a 3rd cent. AD wall; Gaulish gold stater). Puits funéraires (well-like shaft graves) from the 1st cent. AD and traces of an orthogonal road network survive; the area of the Imperial period town has been estimated at …

Noviodunum

(998 words)

Author(s): Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] [1] Capital of the Suessiones This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Oppidum Capital of the Suessiones, occupied by Caesar in 57 BC (Caes. B Gall. 2,12). N. can be identified with the oppidum of Pommiers (west of Soisson, De partement of Aisne). This was abandoned at the latest under Augustus, by about 50 BC a new one had come into being in the plain near Villeneuve-Saint-Germain …

Tarusates

(93 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people in Aquitania, probably to the north of Aire-sur-l'Adour (in the département of Landes). The T. were subjugated in 56 BC by Licinius [I 16]  (Caes. Gall. 3,23,1; 27,1). The identification with the Toruates (in Plin. HN 4,108) is correctly rejected by [1], that with the Aturenses, who were around Aire-sur-l'Adour from the time of Augustus, is a hypothesis. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography

Tarnis

(84 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Tributary of the Garumna, modern Tarn (Auson. Epist. 22,27-32; 26,31; Auson. Mos. 465;  Sid. Apoll. Epist. 5,13,1;  Sid. Apoll. Carm. 24,45), rising on Cebenna Mons, border river between Narbonensis and Aquitania. According to Plin.  HN 4,109 (correction of [1. 148]) border river between the Tolosani (Tolosa) and the Petrocorii.…

Segodunum Rutenorum

(95 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] …

Vindalium

(99 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] City in Gallia Narbonensis, in the pre-Roman period an oppidum of the Cavares, to the northeast of Avennio (modern Avignon), on the banks of the Sorgue ( Vindelicus amnis in Flor. Epit. 1,37,4; Isid. Orig. 9,2,96; Σούλγας/ Soúlgas in Str. 4…

Veliocasses

(155 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people (according to Caes. B Gall. 2,4,1 originally Germanic) in Gallia Belgica (Caes. B Gall. 2,4,9; cf. 7,75,3; 8,7,4; Oros. 6,7,14; 6,11,12; Ptol. 2,8,8: Οὐενελιοκάσιοι/ Ou eneliokásioi; Liv. Per. 67), in the north and to a limited extent also in the south of the lower reaches of the Sequana (modern Seine; in…

Vasates

(219 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Ligurian/Celtic tribe in Aquitania (after Diocletian's reform in the province of Novempopulana) on both banks of the lower Garumna (Amm. Marc. 15,11,14: Vasatae; Ptol. 2,7,15: Οὐασάτιοι/ Ouasátioi); neighbours of the Bituriges Vivisci to the north, the Nitiobriges to the east and south, the Tarbelli to the southwest, and the Boeates in the west. Identification of the V. with the Vocates mentioned in Caes. B Gall. 3,23,7 is uncertain, these may rather have been the Boeates. The V. were one of the four peoples of southern Aquitania who at the time of the founding of the Ara …

Tricasses

(126 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] People in northeastern Gallia on the upper Sequana and the modern Aube in Lugdunensis, with the Senones [2], the Parisii, the Meldi, the Remi and the Lingones as neighbours (Plin. HN 4,107). Until the 1st cent. BC they were probably reckoned among the Senones. Augustus organised them as an autonomous civitas with Augustobona Tricassium (modern Troyes) as their seat of administration. In late Antiquity the T. were part of Lugdunensis II (Amm. 15,10,11 f.); in 588 the Notitia Galliarum has them as part of the later established Lugdunensis IV (Senonia). Polfer, Michel (…

Vorgium

(193 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: City in Gallia Celtica in the territory of the Aremorici (Aremorica), later in Lugdunensis, from the time of Augustus the chief town of the civitas of Os(s)ismi(i) (Ptol. 2,8,5: Οὐοργάνιον/ Ouorgánion; Tab. Peut. 2,2: V.; also the Maël-Carhaix milestone CIL XIII 9013), modern Carhaix (in the département of Finistère). In Late Antiquity, V. lost its rank as a civitas-capital to Gesocribate (modern Brest). Discussion of the identity of V. and Vorga…

Lactora

(183 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Suburb of a civitas in Aquitania, modern Lectoure (Département Gers), south of Aginnum (modern Agen). Other name evidence: Lacturatis, Notae Tironianae 87,77; Lactura, It. Ant. 462,5; Lactora, Tab. Peut. 2,2; Lacura, Geogr. Rav. 4,41; in provincia Novempopulana ... civitas Lactoratium, Notitia Galliarum 14; ordo Lactor( atium), CIL XIII 511. Oldest historical evidence is a honorary inscription of AD 105, mentioning a procurat( or) provinciarum Lugduniensis et Aquitanicae item Lactorae (CIL V 875 = ILS 1374). 22 altars testify to a taurobolium

Vienna

(642 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Christianity | | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Rome | Batavian Revolt City in Gallia Narbonensis on both banks of the Rhodanus (modern Rhône) at the confluence with the Gère, modern Vienne (in the département of Isère) on the left bank and Saint-Romain-en-Gal and Sainte-Colombe (both in the département of Rhône) on the right bank. Late Celtic settlement of the Allobroges with an oppidum on the Pipet and Sainte-Blandine hills and a trading place at the confluence of the Gère. In the year 61 BC, an uprising of the Allobroges under Catugnatus expelled the Italic merchants, who had settled there, and they then founded Lugdunum (Lyon). Under Augustus, V. b…

Uliaros

(57 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] (modern Oléron, in the département of Charente-Maritime). Island in the Aquitanicus Sinus (modern Biscaya; Plin. HN 4,109;  Sid. Apoll. Epist. 8,6,12; Geogr. Rav 5,33), near the mouth of the Garumna. It assignment to the territory of the Santoni and hence to  Aquitania is hypothetical. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography P. Merlat, s. v. U., RE 9 A, 533 f.

Vasio

(423 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Christianity | Gallia/Gaul (Οὐασίων/ Ouasíōn; modern Vaison-la-Romaine in the département of Vaucluse). Oppidum of Gallia Narbonensis, capital of civitas Vocontiorum (Vocontii; Str. 4,1,11; Mela 2,5,75; Ptol. 2,10,16; CIL XII 5669: c(ivitas) V(asio) V(ocontiorum); ILS 2709: res publica Iuliensium; decuriones, praetores, praefecti, aediles: CIL XII 1307; 1368 ff.;…

Tricastini

(107 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people in the Roman province of Narbonensis on the west bank of the Rhodanus (modern Rhône) in the mountainous country between the Cavari, the Vocontii and the Segovellauni (Liv. 5,34,5; 21,31,9; Sil. Pun. 3,466; Amm. Marc. 15,10,11). Ptol. 2,10,13 mentions Noviomagus [2] as main town of their civitas. Identification with modern Saint Paul Trois-Châteaux is likely; Augusta Tricastinorum at the time of Augustus, mentioned in Plin. HN 3,36 among the oppida Latina of the Narbonensis; Colonia Flavia Tricastinorum in the Flavian period (AE 1962, 143). Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography G. Barruol, Les peuples préromains du Sud-Est de la Gau…
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