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(6,075 words)

Author(s): Reitz, Christiane (Rostock)
Reitz, Christiane (Rostock) A. Late Antiquity and the Early Middle Ages (CT) [German version] 1. In the West (CT) Already in Late Antiquity, the public and private libraries that still existed in Rome were supplemented by newly emerging ecclesiastical libraries. In addition to books needed for divine worship, Christian communities soon also had at their disposal archives of community life (lists of bishops, calendars, synod decrees, acts of martyrs and correspondence). Probably as early as the beginning of the 3r…


(989 words)

Author(s): Reitz, Christiane (Rostock)
[German version] A. Definition A catalogue is a listing of similar terms in an homogenous context, which in its form is clearly delineated. Each of its components is an ‘element of a continuous development’ [4. 64]. There is no coherent ancient definition; one characteristic feature is numbering (cf. Hom. Od. 16,235), which also played an important part in the differentiated aesthetical evaluation by the ancient Homer philologists (cf. schol. on Hom. Il. 2,494ff. and frequent other examples). Aristo…


(3,503 words)

Author(s): Fantuzzi, Marco (Florence) | Reitz, Christiane (Rostock) | Egelhaaf-Gaiser, Ulrike (Potsdam)
(ἔκφρασις; ékphrasis) I. Literature A. Greek [German version] 1. Definition In the rhetorical terminology of the Imperial period, ekphrasis is a description which aims at vividness (ἐνάργεια, enárgeia) (thus in Rhet. Her., Theon, Hermogenes, Aphthonius, etc.), that is, a description which tries to bring its object clearly in front of the readers' eyes: persons, things, situations, cities, seasons, celebrations, etc. (cf. [8; 17]). The object was not specified until Nicolaus Rhetor (5th cent. AD) as ‘primarily statues, visual works (εἰκόνες), and related things’. The ekphrasis


(1,908 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Fündling, Jörg (Bonn) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Reitz, Christiane (Rostock)
Name of a Roman plebeian family, documented since the first cent. BC (the name in Liv. 4,54,3 is probably a later invention). Under Augustus the family attained the consulate, but it disappeared at the end of the first cent. AD. Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) I. Republican period [German version] [I 1] S., P. Praetor c. 58 or 52 BC, as propraetor of Bithynia et Pontus 51-50 BC addressee of laudatory letters from Cicero (Cic. Fam. 13,47; 61-65; cf. 7,21). S., who was regarded as an authority on Asia Minor, brought an inheritance lawsuit in 44 BC (Cic. Att. 7,1,8). His son is probably S. [II 7]. Fündli…