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Curiosum urbis Romae

(54 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[English version] Verzeichnis der Sehenswürdigkeiten der 14 Stadtbezirke ( regiones) von Rom. Neben dem im Kern konstantinischen C.u.R. sind eine jüngere, stärker itp. Notitia und eine Classis commixta überliefert. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography A. Nordh, Prolegomena till den romenska regionskatalogen, 1936  Ders., Libellus de regionibus urbis Romae, 1949  HLL 5, 1989, § 520.

Menekles

(358 words)

Author(s): Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald)
(Μενεκλῆς). [English version] [1] Athenischer Anwalt, 350 und 347 v.Chr. Athener, war 350 und 347 v.Chr. synḗgoros für Boiotos (Mantitheos [3]) und seine Mutter Plangon in zwei Gerichtsverfahren (Demosth. or. 39,2; 40,9f.; 32). Angeblich ein Sykophant, wurde M. selbst vom Sohn der Ninos angeklagt. Die Anklagerede (Deinarch. fr. 33 Conomis) wurde Deinarchos zugeschrieben. Engels, Johannes (Köln) Bibliography Schäfer, Beilagen 1885, 211-226  PA 9908  Traill, PAA 643135. [English version] [2] griech. Historiker und Antiquar, 2. Jh. v. Chr. M. aus Barka in Nordafrika, griech…

Pontica

(36 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[English version] Titel eines anon. lat. Lehrgedichts über Meereslebewesen. Erh. sind nur die ersten 22 Hexameter der praefatio in einigen Hss. der Werke des Solinus (Anth. Lat. 1,2, Nr. 720 Riese). Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)

Hierokles

(1,185 words)

Author(s): Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Franke, Thomas (Bochum) | Bleckmann, Bruno (Straßburg) | Et al.
(Ἱεροκλῆς). [English version] [1] Karischer Söldnerführer des 3. Jh. v. Chr. Karischer Söldnerführer des 3. Jh. v.Chr., vereitelte 287/6 mit Herakleides den Handstreich der athen. Demokraten auf den Peiraieus und die Munychia (Polyain. 5,17). Unter Antigonos [2] Gonatas hatte H. die Position eines maked. phrúrarchos (“Kommandant einer fest stationierten Truppe”) im Paeiraieus inne und war mehrfach Gastgeber des Königs. Er war mit dem damaligen Leiter der Akademie, Arkesilaos [5], befreundet (Diog. Laert. 4,39f.) und mit Menedemos bekannt (Diog. Laert. 2,127). Demetrios [2] E…

Apollonides

(309 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀπολλωνίδης). [English version] [1] Geograph, 1. Jh. v. Chr. Griech. Geograph z.Z. Mithradates' VI. (frühes 1. Jh. v. Chr.), Verf. eines Periplus von Europa; die wenigen erh. Fragmente behandeln den Osten der Mittelmeerwelt. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography FHG 4, 309-310  H. Berger, s. v. A. 28, RE 2, 120. [English version] [2] von Nikaia Grammatiker, 1. Jh. (Ἀπολλονίδης ὁ Νικαεύς). Griech. Grammatiker des 1. Jh. n. Chr. Er widmete Kaiser Tiberius einen Komm. zu den Silloi des Timon von Phleius (Diog. Laert. 9,109)…

Megasthenes

(112 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[English version] (Μεγασθένης). Diplomat und Historiker (um 350-290 v.Chr.). Unter Seleukos I. zw. 302 und 291 mehrfach Gesandter, u.a. nach Nordindien, wo Chandragupta (Sandrakottos) das Maurya-Reich begründete. Sein nur in Fr. erh. geogr. und eth…

Andron

(307 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
(Ἄνδρων). [English version] [1] Einer der 400 (Ende 5. Jh. v. Chr.) Aus Gargettos, Sohn eines Androtion und Vater des Atthidographen Androtion (FGrH 324), mit sophistischen Interessen (Plat. Gorg. 487C; Prot. 315C). Über eine Schuldenaffäre Demosth. or. 22,33 u.ö. Wohl identisch mit A., einem der 400 (500: [1]), Autor eines Psephisma gegen Antiphon [4] 411 v. Chr. (Krateros FGrH 342 F5). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 G. Pesely, in: Illinois Class. Stud. 20, 1995, 66-76. Davies, 913  Traill, PAA 129265, 129130  P. …

Hippalus

(283 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
(Ἵππαλος; Híppalos). [German version] [1] Son of Sosus, priest of a royal cult, officer Son of Sosus (?); father of the district commander Theomnestus (PP 1/8, 260; 3/9, 5147) and the athlophore Batra (PP 3/9, 5051). From 185-169 BC, priest of the royal cult in Ptolemais Hermou; documented in 182 and 173 as an eponymous officer; before November 176 (from 185?) ἀρχισωματοφύλαξ ( archisōmatophýlax, ‘arch-bodyguard’) and first stratēgós of the Thebaid (court title dependent on reading of PLond VII 2188, 214); from November 176 until at least May 172 τῶν πρώτων φίλων ( tôn prṓtōn phílōn) and ep…

Geographus Ravennas

(235 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] Anonymous, apparently clerical, author of the 8th cent. AD from Ravenna (4,31), also referred to as Anonymus Ravennas. His Cosmographia describes the entire world as it was known in his time in 5 bks. Bk. 1 argues ─ in observance of Biblical and patristical traditions ─ for a view of the earth as a flat disc surrounded by oceans, with the sun running along the southern rim during the day. Bks. 2-5 present lists of 5,000 place names, organized by regions and, in part, by Roman provinces (regions, cit…

Apollonides

(326 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg)
(Ἀπολλωνίδης; Apollōnídēs). [German version] [1] Greek geographer of the time of Mithridates VI Greek geographer of the time of Mithridates VI (early 1st cent. BC); author of a   periplous of Europe; the few surviving fragments cover the region of the eastern Mediterranean. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography FHG 4, 309-310 H. Ber…

Agathemerus

(188 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] (Ἀγαθήμερος; Agathḗmēros). Son of Orthon (imperial Rome), author of a geographical outline ( Geography) Hypotýpōsis geōgraphías, (ὑποτύπωσις γεωγραφίας), only known from copies of the Cod. Palatinus gr. 398 (9th cent. AD) (GGM 2,471-487) [1]. A. gives a short summary of geographical science from  Thales to  Posidonius, provides definitions and etymology of the continents (ch. 1), also observations on the  wind rose (ch. 2), on the seas (ch. 3), on the length and breadth of the  

Hanno

(1,282 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich)
[German version] [1] King (suffete) ‘King’ (suffete) of Carthage, probably in the early 5th cent. BC, only known for his sea expedition along the western coast of Africa intended to create and secure Carthaginian colonies. It led from the ‘Columns of Hercules’ (Straight of Gibraltar) to the island of Kerne (near modern Mauretania?), and ─ for the purpose of discovering passages ─ further to the Bay of Notou Keras (‘Horn of the Southern Wind’, modern Cameroon?). References to H.'s voyage begin to appear in the 3rd cent. BC (Aristot. Mir. 833a 11), esp. in Mela (3,90; 93)…

Achilles Tatius

(1,012 words)

Author(s): Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
(Ἀχιλλεὺς Τάτιος; Achilleùs Tátios). [German version] [1] Of Alexandria of Alexandria, 2nd cent. AD Fusillo, Massimo (L'Aquila) [German version] A. Life As well as the novel ‘Leucippe and Cleitophon’ (in eight books), he wrote a treatise on the sphere of heaven, a treatise on etymology and a polygraphic work. According to the Suda lexicon (α 4695 Adler) he is said to have converted to Christianity -- a fiction like that circul…

Dimensuratio provinciarum and Divisio orbis terrarum

(91 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] Two anonymous lists of lands and islands of the Roman oikoumene with their length and width in Roman miles, probably created in the 5th cent. AD [1; 2]. Like similar information in Plin. HN 3-6, they can also be traced back to  Agrippa [1] [3]. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography 1 Editions: GLM 9-20 2 K. Brodersen, C. Plinius Secundus: Naturkunde VI, 1996, 329-336 3 A. Klotz, Die geogr. commentarii des Agrippa, in: Klio 24, 1931, 38-58, 386-466. J. J. Tierney, Dicuili Liber de mensura orbis terrae, 1967, 22-26.

Damastes

(44 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] (Δαμάστης; Damástēs). Son of Dioxippus from Sigeum, Greek geographer and historian of the 5th cent. BC, probably a student of  Hellanicus (Agathemerus 1,1). With the exception of a few fragments, his works do not survive. Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) Bibliography FGrH 5.

Megasthenes

(126 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] (Μεγασθένης; Megasthénes). Diplomat and historian (c. 350-290 BC). An envoy sent out several times between 302 and 291 under Seleucus I, especially to northern India, where Chandragupta ( Sandracottus) founded the Maurya kingdom. His geographical and ethnographical work Indiká, three or four books, preserved only in fragments, was based on observation and information uncritically received through interpreters. For a long time it was the most detailed presentation of India and was used by Diodorus [18] Siculus, Strabo …

Colaeus

(64 words)

Author(s): Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
[German version] (Κωλαῖος). A trader from Samos only mentioned in Hdt. 4,152 in connection with the founding history of Cyrene (7th cent. BC). His ship was blown off-course by the east wind beyond the Columns of Hercules (the Strait of Gibraltar) on the way to Egypt and reached  Tartessus, which was previously unknown to the Greeks.  Discovery, voyages of Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)

Agathon

(566 words)

Author(s): Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim)
(Ἀγάθων; Agáthōn). [German version] [1] Attic tragedian Attic tragedian, c. 455- c. 401 BC, son of Tisamenus (Schol. Lucian. Rhetorum Praeceptor 11). According to Ath. 5,217b he achieved his first Lenaean victory in 416. The post-victory celebration of this win forms the historical background to Plato's Symposium. In 411 he is made fun of in the Thesmophoriazusae of Aristophanes, and in the same year he is defended in court by Antiphon [4]. Like Euripides, he left Athens before 405 (cf. Aristoph. Ran. 83-5, Ael. VH 13,4) and made his way to the court…

Andron

(315 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing)
(Ἄνδρων; Ándrōn). [German version] [1] One of the 400 (end of the 5th cent. BC) From Gargettus, son of an Androtion and father of the Atthidographer  Androtion (FGrH 324), with sophistic interests (Pl. Grg. 487C; Prot. 315C). About a debt affair Dem. Or. 22,33 and passim. Probably identical with A., one of the 400 (500: [1]), author of a   psephisma against Antiphon [4] 411 BC (Craterus FGrH 342 F5). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 G. Pesely, in: Illinois Class. Stud. 20, 1995, 66-76. Davies, 913 Traill, PAA 129265, 129130 P. Harding, Androtion and the Atthis, 1994, 14 f. …
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