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(255 words)

Author(s): Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer from a distinguished Campanian family seem to have offered Hannibal accomodation in Capua in 216 BC Pacuvius and Sthenius N. Celer belonged to a distinguished Campanian family. They seem to have offered Hannibal sumptuous accommodation in Capua in 216 BC (Liv. 23,8). Punic Wars Schmitt, Tassilo (Bielefeld) Bibliography J. von Ungern-Sternberg, Capua im 2. Punischen Krieg, 1975, 30-31. [German version] [2] N. Crassus Republican writer, translator of the Iliad in Latin Republican writer, who translated the ‘Iliad into Latin…


(14,783 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Eder, Walter (Berlin) | Frateantonio, Christa (Gießen) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Stroh, Wilfried (Munich) | Et al.
Name of one of the oldest and most celebrated Roman patrician families; during the Roman Republic the largest and most extensive gens, giving its name to the tribus Cornelia. Its patrician branches probably stem from the Maluginenses, frequently attested in the 5th cent. BC (C. [I 57-58]); the sequence was probably as follows: in the 5th cent. the Cossi [I 20-22]; in the 4th cent. the Scipiones [I 65-85], Rufini [I 62] and Lentuli [I 31-56]; from the 3rd cent.…

Carmen de bello Aegyptiaco

(100 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] (or Actiaco) is the modern title for 52 hexameters in eight columns and some fragments on P Hercul. 817. It is improbable that  Rabirius was their author; they were more likely part of the Res Romanae by  Cornelius Severus. The poem deals with Octavian'…


(58 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] A boyhood friend of Ovidius, who was able to include T.'s name () in a letter to him only by playing with the actual syllable quantities (Ov. Pont. 4,12,10 f.,  cf. 4,14,1 f.). He appears to have translated the episode of the Phaeacians in the Odyssey into Latin (ibid. 4,16,27 with 4,12,27). Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)


(174 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] [1] Author of an epic with the title Bellum Histricum Wrote an  epic with the title Bellum Histricum in at least 2 bks. of which 7 frs. are extant. It presumably concerned the war waged in 129 BC by C. Sempronius Tuditanus. The relationship be…


(221 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Author of an hexameter poem transmitted in the Codex Salmasianus (Anth. Lat. 253 = 247 Shackleton Bailey), which contains a collection of poems put together at the beginning of the 6th cent. AD in Vandal northern Africa. The poem's theme is the love between Ares (Mars) and Aphrodite (Venus) (related in Hom. Od. 8), but the episode is given a moralizing turn. In the end, Venus plans to take revenge …

Lenaeus, Pompeius

(202 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[English version] Suet. gramm. 15 berichtet neben einigen romantischen und unwahrscheinlichen Ereignissen aus dem Leben des jungen L., daß er ein Freigelassener des Pompeius Magnus war, ihn auf fast allen seinen Feldzügen begleitete und nach dessen und seiner Söhne Tod (der letzte starb 35 v.Chr.) seinen eigenen Lebensunterhalt als Schullehrer in Rom verdient habe. Er blieb Pompeius so treu, daß er auf die Kritik gegen ihn in Sallustius' Historiae


(66 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Under this name (which is also found in CIL 5,2793) Isid. Etym. 18,69 quotes two hexameters about stuffing a ball with stag hair. [1] identifies the author with an anonymous poet to whom Ovid (Tr. 2,485) refers in a listing of humorous didactic poems. Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) Bibliography 1 M. Haupt, Coniectanea, in: Hermes 7, 1873, 11-12 Opuscula vol. 3, 1876, 571 2 Courtney, 341.


(50 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Epic poet of the Augustan Period, friend of Ovid (Trist. 4,10,47). Propertius addresses Elegies 1,7 and 1,9, to P. as the author of a Thebais, achieving a contrast between erotic elegy and epic by representing P…


(332 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA) | Ameling, Walter (Jena)
[German version] [2] L. Pompeius Satyrist and freedman of Pompey Magnus Suet. Gram. 15 reports, aside from several romantic and improbable occurrences from the life of the young L., that he was a freedman of Pompeius Magnus, accompanied him on almost al…


(317 words)

Author(s): Damschen, Gregor (Halle/Saale) | Albiani, Maria Grazia (Bologna) | Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
I Greek [German version] [1] Poet c. AD 500 Early Byzantine poet, contemporary of emperor Anastasius I (AD 491-518). According to Suda s.v. M., he originally was a descendent of a Roman family of senators, emigrated to Eleutheropolis in Palestine with his father and was a patríkios under Anastasius, composed iambic paraphrases of the works of Hellenistic authors ( Theocritus; Apollonius [2] Rhodiu…

Ilias Latina

(502 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Baehrens attributed the name to a Latin poem that abbreviates Homer's Iliad to 1,070 hexameters. It is quoted by  Lactantius [2] Placidus in regard to Stat. Theb. 6,114 (121) under the name of Homerus, which also appears in the titles of most of the early medieval MSS. Later it is attributed to Pindarus for unknown reasons. The only other trace of the I.L. from antiquity is the imitation by  Dracontius [3]. The prologue (= Il. 1,1-7) offers the acrostic ITALICPS, the (non-Homeric) epilogue SCQIPSIT. The latter can easily be amended into SCRIPSIT, the former might be a deliberately incorrect form of ITALICUS [1]. Differences in style and metre prohibit an identification with  Silius [II 5] Italicus. The rubricator (now identified as J. Cuspinianus [2. 31]) of a later and worthless MS uses the title Bebii Italici poetae clarissimi Epithome ...

Fescennini versus

(163 words)

Author(s): Courtney, Edward (Charlottesville, VA)
[German version] Improvized songs, sung at weddings, which fall into the category of quite commonly found apotropaic obscenity. The custom even continued in Christian times. The reason for the (unproven) etymological derivation of the name from
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