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Phiale Painter

(326 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)
[German version] Attic red-figured and white-ground vase painter, active c. 450-425 BC, named after a red-figured phiale (Boston, MFA 97.371). He painted vessels of very different shapes, but preferred the medium formats, especially Nolan amphorae and lekythoi (Pottery, shapes and types of, fig. A 5 and E 3), like his teacher, the Achilles painter. They worked together in the same workshop along with four important potters and several minor vase painters. More than 200 vases are attributed to the PP. The freely flowing lines of his drawings, which appear sketched and seem…

Achilles Painter

(469 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)
[German version] Important Attic vase painter named after an Achilles representation on a type B amphora in the Vatican (Inv. no. 16571). The Achilles Painter (AP) was a pupil of the  Berlin Painter and decorated vessels using three techniques (black-figured, red-figured and white-grounded). Lekythoi and Nolan amphorae were his preferred vessel shapes, but numerous other vessels decorated by him have survived. His earliest works are red-figured and were made c. 460 BC. Subject, composition and painting style show clear references to the Berlin Painter. Many of hi…

Achilleus-Maler

(414 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)
[English version] Bedeutender att. Vasenmaler, benannt nach einer Achilleus-Darstellung auf einer Typ B-Amphora im Vatikan (Inv. Nr. 16571). Der A. war ein Schüler des Berliner Malers und dekorierte Gefäße in drei Techniken (sf., rf. und wgr.). Lekythoi und Nolan. Amphoren waren seine bevorzugten Gefäßformen, aber es sind auch zahlreiche andere von ihm bemalte Gefäße erhalten. Seine frühesten Arbeiten sind rf. und um 460 v. Chr. entstanden. Thema, Komposition und Malweise haben deutliche Bezüge zum Berliner Maler. Viele seiner rf. Meisterwerke ensta…

Berlin Painter

(486 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)
[German version] Very productive painter of Attic red-figured vases who got his name from a magnificent type A amphora in Berlin (SM, Inv. no. F 2160). Primarily a pot painter, he decorated a wide range of shapes, including several rare ones. Slim, elegant figures whose harmonious contours blend in with the shape of the vase, characterize his drawing style, as does also the balance of details, effected by relief, black, and golden dilute glaze lines. The Berlin Painter (BP) preferred the represent…

Hermonax

(328 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA) | Fornaro, Sotera (Sassari)
[German version] [1] Att. red-figure vase painter, approx. 475-450 BC Attic red-figure vase painter whose signature is to be found on 10 of the c. 200 vases attributed to him by scholarship. He worked between 475 and 450 BC and was a pupil of the  Berlin Painter. Of the vessel shapes, he preferred stamnoi, pelikai, neck amphorae, lutrophoroi and cups, with the latter particularly showing the influence of  Macron. The inside of a cup in Brauron (Archaeolog. Mus. A. 39) is decorated in white-ground technique. H. preferre…

Mannerists

(290 words)

Author(s): Oakley, John H. (Williamsburg, VA)
[German version] The M. are a large group of 15 or more attic red-figure vase-painters whose affected style retains aspects of the Archaic. Active from c. 480 BC until near the end of the century, they favoured decorating column-kraters, hydriai, and pelikai (see Pottery, shapes and types of)in an old-fashioned manner: elongated figures with small heads whose drapery has groups of stacked folds, picture frames with black ornament, and antiquated subject matter, such as Ajax and Achilles playing a board game.Their figures often gesture …
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