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Abisares

(184 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Indian prince named after his tribe (the Abhisari), who was allied with  Poros. His territory reached from the southern chain of the Karakorum to Kashmir in the east and Hazera (near Rawalpindi) in the west. He supported the resistance to  Alexander [4] in Swat (Arr. Anab. 4,27,7; 30,7), but then sent him presents at Taxila (loc. cit. 5,8,3; in Curt. 8,13,1 false: homage). He was absent from the battle of the Hydaspes ( Hydaspes) even though it was expected that he would support P…

Sibyrtius

(148 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σιβύρτιος; Sibýrtios). Friend of Peucestas [2]. He was installed as satrap of Carmania by Alexander [4] in 325 BC, but was soon redeployed to Gedrosia with Arachosia and Oreitae (Arr. Anab. 6,27,1) and was confirmed in office by Perdiccas [4] and Antipater [1]; after 323, however, only Arachosia is mentioned (Diod. 18,3,3; Arr. FGrH 156 F 9,36). He allied himself to Eumenes [1] (Diod. 19,14,6), but had to flee when the latter accused him of high treason (Diod. 19,23,4; 19,27,4). A…

Phila

(220 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Φίλα; Phíla). [German version] [1] One of the wives of Philip [4] II. According to Satyrus in Ath. 13,557c, one of the wives of Philippus [4] II, sister of Derdas [3] and Machatas [1]. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) [German version] [2] Wife of Alexander [7] Oldest daughter of Antipater [1] and probably the wife of Alexander [7], born therefore around 355 BC. She later married Balacrus [1] and, in 322 BC, Craterus [1] by whom she had a son Craterus [2]. In 321/320 BC her father married her to Demetrius [2], the father of her children Antig…

Pharnuches

(127 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Φαρνούχης; Pharnoúchēs), a Lycian interpreter (though, as his name shows, from a Persian colonist family), was assigned in 329 BC by Alexander [4]  the Great to a task force under the leadership of three hetaíroi that was to relieve the fortress of Marakanda from siege by Spitamenes. By means of the incompetence of the officers the troops were almost completely annihilated. It is impossible that a P. had three hetaíroi under his command (as Arr. Anab. 4,3,7 reports on the authority of Ptolemaeus and Aristobulus [7]): it is certain that he was, as …

Leonnatus

(276 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Λεόννατος; Leónnatos). L., who was born around 356 BC to the royal house of Lyncestis ( Lyncus), may have been the son of a certain Anteas. In 336 he took part in the prosecution of the murderer of Philippus II. As one of his hetairoi, L. was sent by Alexander [4] the Great with a message of solace to the family of Darius [3] (Arr. Anab. 2,12,5; also Curt.; Diod. Sic.). Appointed to the somatophylakes (‘bodyguards’) (Arr. Anab. 3,5,5), L. took part in the coup against Philotas (Curt. 6,8,17) and attempted to prevent the killing of Cleitus [6]. L. confounded the plan to introduce pr…

Mylleas

(46 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μυλλέας; Mylléas). Son of  Zoilus from Beroea [1]. In 326 BC he was one of the trierarchs of  Alexander  [4] the Great's Indus fleet (Arr. Ind. 18,6). M.'s son Alexander was granted citizenship in Athens  (IG II/III2 710). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Dropides

(91 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Δρωπίδης; Drōpídēs). From an aristocratic Athenian family (an ancestor with the same name was an archon in 645/4 BC and related to  Solon); according to Curtius 3,13,15, he was one of the three Athenian emissaries to  Darius [3] captured by  Parmenion after the battle of  Issus (in 333). The account in Arrian An. 3,24,4, needs to be corrected in some details where it deviates from Curtius [1. 1, 233f.] but reports credibly that  Alexander [4] had him arrested. His fate is unknown. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography 1 Bosworth, Commentary.

Argeads

(188 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] First Macedonian royal house, emerged into history under  Amyntas [1], ruled the Macedonian coastal plain from Aegae around 510 BC. Amyntas submitted to Darius and was rewarded with territorial expansion and connections to the  Achaemenids. His son  Alexander [2] remained loyal to  Xerxes during the invasion of Greece but established contacts with the Greeks and in the end was on the side of the victors. His claim to be descended from the  Temenidae (Argos) was based on legend and…

Deditio

(298 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Deditio in potestatem or ─ with a similar meaning ─ deditio in fidem (Pol. 20,9,10-12),was an autonomous state's, nominally, always voluntary surrender of sovereignty to Rome. It was the precondition for the peaceful end of war, and in peace for securing the protection of Rome. After formal acceptance of deditio by the Senate or an appropriately authorized (pro-)magistrate with imperium the surrendered community ceased to exist. Its citizens, gods and possessions became the property of Rome, and Rome could deal with them as it thought fit…

Abdalonymus

(57 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] Impoverished offspring of a king of  Sidon, put in the place of Straton as city-king by  Alexander [4] and outfitted richly. Embellished in Curt. 4,2,15-26 and Diod. Sic. 17,47 as a philosophical novella. He is probably the person for whom the  Alexander Sarcophagus was made. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve II no. 1.

Spitamenes

(197 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Σπιταμένης/ Spitaménēs). Prince in Sogdiana, father of Apama [1] (Arr. Anab. 7,4,6), remained loyal to Bessus after the death of Darius [3] until he despaired of him and in 329 BC, in concert with Dataphernes, handed him over to Alexander [4] (thus Aristobulus [7]; Ptolemaeus [1] wrote himself into the action: Arr.  Anab. 3,30). After Alexander's departure S. triggered a partisan war, supported by Bactrian princes and Sacae tribes, who also give him sanctuary. After a temporary oc…

Autophradates

(155 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Αὐτοφραδάτης; Autophradátēs). [German version] [1] Persian naval commander against Philippus II and Alexander the Great Identical or related to the satrap of Lydia at the time of the Satraps' Revolt. As naval commander under  Memmon and then Pharnabazus against  Philippus II and  Alexander [4], he carried out successful actions in the Aegean and supported  Agis [3] both in terms of money and ships. His fleet was disbanded after the battle of  Issus. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, no. 188. [German version] [2] Satrap of a Caspian province; fought at Gauga…

Metron

(62 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
[German version] (Μήτρων; Mḗtrōn). One of the basilikoi paides , responsible for the arsenal of Alexander [4] the Great in 330 BC. He heard of the conspiracy of Dimnus from Cebalinus, and reported it to Alexander (Curt. 6,7; Diod. 17,79,4-5). He is not to be identified with a trierarch of the Hydaspes fleet (Arr. Ind. 18,5). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)

Arrianus

(958 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Heucke, Clemens (Munich)
[German version] [1] Author, 2nd cent. AD Author (probably 2nd cent. BC) of a Greek translation of  Virgil's Georgica, an epic about  Alexander [4] and numerous poems of praise of  Attalus. The works have been lost (Suda α 3867). Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) [2] A. of Nicomedia Greek philosopher and historian, born around AD 85-90 [German version] A. Name Inscriptions attest to the existence of L. Flavius Arrianus. ‘Flavius’ harks back to the patron whom the family owed their Roman citizenship: perhaps L. Flavius, cos. suff. in 33 BC or not until Vespasian (if A. was a younger …

Laomedon

(589 words)

Author(s): Stoevesandt, Magdalene (Basle) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Λαομέδων; Laomédōn, ‘Ruler of the People’). [German version] [1] Mythical king of Troy Mythical king of Troy, son of Ilus [1]. Sons: Priamus, Hicetaon, Clytius [ I4], Lampus, Tithonus (Hom. Il. 20,236ff.), the illegitimate Bucolion (ibid. 6,23), and according to Ilias parva 29,4 PEG I Ganymede [1] as well. Daughters: Antigone [4], Astyoche [2], Hesione [4], etc. The main sources for his story (diverging in the details) are Homer (Il. 5,640ff.; 7,452f.; 20,145ff.; 21,441ff.), Apollodorus (2,103f.; 1…

Hegelochus

(247 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Ameling, Walter (Jena)
(Ἡγέλοχος; Hēgélochos). [German version] [1] Fleet officer under Alexander the Great, 4th cent. BC Son of Hippostratus, officer under  Alexander [4]. Initially commander of the vanguard cavalry, he was commissioned to form a Macedonian fleet from ships collected from Greek cities in the summer of 333 BC (Arr. Anab. 2,2,3; inexact Curt. 3,1,19f.; Amphoterus was his subordinate, not his colleague). After the death of  Memnon his fleet dominated the Hellespont, where he i.a. stopped an Athenian grain fleet (Ps.-…

Arrhidaeus

(510 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Ἀρριδαῖος; Arrhidaîos) [German version] [1] Ruler of Upper-Macedonian Elimea (5th cent. AD) Son or son-in-law of Macedonian king  Amyntas [1] I and ruler of the Upper Macedonian region of Elimea (schol. Thuc. 1,57,3). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography F. Geyer, Makedonien bis zur Thronbesteigung Philipps II., 1930, 78f. HM, Vol. 2, 18f. [German version] [2] Father of King Amyntas [3] III (2nd half 5th cent. AD) Son of Amyntas, grandson of the Macedonian king Alexander [2] I and father of King Amyntas [3] III (Syll.3 135, 157; Diod. Sic. 15.60.3). Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography…

Teutamus

(229 words)

Author(s): Krebs, Christopher | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Τεύταμος/ Teútamos). [German version] [1] Assyrian king, ally of Priamus (also Tautanes: Aug. Civ. 18,19). According to Diod. Sic. 2,22,2, he is the twentieth Assyrian king after Ninyas [1], who at Priamus' request sends auxiliary troops during the Trojan War. Krebs, Christopher [German version] [2] Son of Dorus (also Τέκταμος/ Téktamos). The son of Dorus, he is the leader of a group of settlers who migrate from Thessaly to Crete (Diod. Sic. 4,60,2). His son Asterion [1] by a Cretan princess is Europe's [2] mortal husband. Krebs, Christopher [German version] [3] Macedonian officer, …

Antigenes

(291 words)

Author(s): Robbins, Emmet (Toronto) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Ἀντιγένης; Antigénēs). [German version] [1] Dithyrambic poet Attic dithyrambic poet, presumably the author of an inscription on a tripod for the victory of the phyle  Acamantis in the dithyrambic competition in the Dionysia (FGE 11-15). The sources (Anth. Pal. 13,28) ascribe the epigram to ‘Simonides or Bacchylides’, but Hecker emphatically recognized Antigenes as the author; he calls himself the χοροδιδάσκαλος [1.149-152]; the χορηγός and αὐλητής are also mentioned. In order to put the names into verse, an unusual metre is used. The date is perhaps c. 485 BC. [2]. Robbins, Emmet (…

Perdiccas

(866 words)

Author(s): Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA)
(Περδίκκας; Perdíkkas). [German version] [1] Founder of the Macedonian kingdom According to Herodotus (8,137-139), P. was the 7th-cent. BC founder of the Macedonian royal house and the Macedonian kingdom, whose beginnings lay in the region of the subsequent royal seat of Aegae [1]. Zahrnt, Michael (Kiel) Bibliography M. Zahrnt, Die Entwicklung des makedonischen Reiches bis zu den Perserkriegen, in: Chiron 14, 1984, 345-348. [German version] [2] P. II Macedonian king, c. 450-413 BC Son of Alexander [2] I, king of Macedonia c. 450-413 BC, asserted himself against his brothers …
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