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Menestratus

(320 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
(Μενέστρατος; Menéstratos). [German version] [1] A son of Niobe One of the sons of Niobe (Hellanicus FGrH 4 F 21 with commentary by Jacoby). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [2] Sacrifices himself for his lover Cleostratus M. of Thespiae, who sacrifices himself for his lover Cleostratus, by volunteering to take his place and be thrown to the dragon that on Zeus's instructions is fed a young man each year. Barbs on his armour kill the monster (Paus. 2,26,7f.) Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [German version] [3] Athenian, denounced in 415 BC Athenian, one of 18 denounced by Teucer in connexio…

Diognetus

(335 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Mehl, Andreas (Halle/Saale) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Rist, Josef (Würzburg)
(Διόγνητος; Diógnētos). [German version] [1] Athenian, victor at the Dionysia in 415 BC Athenian, son of Niceratus, from Cyantidae; brother of Nicias and Eucrates [2], father of Diomnestus. Winner at the Dionysia in 415 BC (Pl. Grg. 472a), afterwards exiled; in Athens in 404-03. Intervened in 403 with Pausanias on behalf of Nicias' sons. Died c. 396 (Lys. 18,4; 9f.; 21; And. 1,47). Perhaps identical with the person named by Traill (PAA 327535, 327540). Traill, PAA 327820; Davies 10808. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) [German version] [2] Nauarch of Antiochus III c. 220 BC As nauarch of An…

Neocles

(460 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Beck, Hans (Cologne) | Weißenberger, Michael (Greifswald)
(Νεοκλῆς; Neoklȇs). [German version] [1] Father of the Athenian politician Themistocles The politically inactive father of the Athenian politician and commander Themistocles (Plut. Themistocles 1; [1. 60-66; 69f.]; therefore Themistocles is called a ‘newcomer ’in Hdt. 7,143) ; aristocrat (Nep. Themistocles 1), a member of the Lycomidae family. N.'s wife was possibly non-Athenian. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 F.J. Frost, Plutarch's Themistocles, 1980. Davies, 212ff.  Traill, PAA 706445. [German version] [2] Probable son of Themistocles Probably eldest s…

Menander

(3,637 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen) | Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Et al.
(Μένανδρος; Ménandros). [German version] [1] Joint strategos with Nicias, 414 BC The Athenians M. and Euthydemus [1], who were already in Sicily, were chosen as joint strategoi of Nicias towards the end of 414 BC, during the Sicilian Expedition, to support him until the relief expedition of Demosthenes [1] arrived (413) (Thucyd. 7,16,1; Plut. Nicias 20,2); re-elected 413/12 (Plut. Nicias 20,6-8; Thucyd. 7,69,4; Diod. 13, 13,2). Possibly identical with the M. who fought in Abydus in 409 (Xen. Hell. 1,2,16). He was stratēgós with Tydeus (405/4) in the defeat at Aigos potamoi (X…

Pheidon

(487 words)

Author(s): Hölkeskamp, Karl-Joachim (Cologne) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld)
(Φείδων; Pheídōn). [German version] [1] Ph. the Corinthian From Corinth, legislator, early 7th cent. BC According to Aristot. Pol. 1265b 12-16, he was one of the 'oldest legislators' who is said to have been the originator of a law in which the number of houses had to equal the number of citizens; it appears therefore to have served to protect the owners of plots of land and to maintain the balance of land ownership ratios ( klḗros ). Like the similar law of Philolaus [1], the law is probably authentic; it was possibly still in use in the time of the Bacchiadae regime (early 7th cent. BC). Hölkeskamp…

Myrrhine

(81 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Μυρρίνη/ Murrhínē). Athenian noblewoman, daughter of Callias [2], mother of five children by Hippias [1] (Thuc. 6,55,1). Born probably no later than 570 BC; year of death and other information unknown; object of ridicule in Aristophanes (Equ. 449). Added by Jacoby to the text of Cleidemus (FGrH 323 F 15) as the daughter of Charmus, the polemarch of c. 557/6 (regarding this and other entanglements [1. 450]). Myrtle; Peisistratus; Peisistratids Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 Davies 2 PA 10485 3 Traill, PAA, 662355.

Demaratus

(514 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Decker, Wolfgang (Cologne) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Et al.
(Δημάρατος; Dēmáratos). [German version] [1] Corinthian aristocrat 7th cent. BC Corinthian aristocrat, member of the  Bacchiadae family. D. made his fortune as a merchant around the middle of the 7th cent. BC, mainly through trade with Etruria. When he had to leave Corinth during the rule of  Cypselus he settled in Tarquinii with his followers and married an Etruscan aristocrat. According to ancient tradition the marriage produced two sons, one of whom became the first Etruscan king of Rome,  Tarquinius P…

Thrasycles

(190 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg)
(Θρασυκλῆς/ Thrasyklês). [German version] [1] Representative of Athens in the Peace of Nicias, 2nd half of the 5th cent. BC Athenian, who in 421/0 BC requested the proxenía for a resident of the Peloponnese (IG I3 80,7) and belonged to those who swore an oath on the truce and the alliance between Sparta and Athens in the so-called Peace of Nicias [1] in 421 (Thuc. 5,19,2; 24,1). In 412/1, T. was strategos along with Strombichides in the campaign to Asia Minor (Thuc. 8,15,1; 17,3; 19,2). Peloponnesian War Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Traill, PAA 517180 Develin 157; 141. …

Telesippus

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[German version] (Τελέσιππος; Telésippos). Great-nephew of Pericles [1], son of Hippocrates [3], from Cholargus. C. 420 BC he and his brothers Demophon and Pericles were the target of comedic mockery (Aristoph. Nub. 1001; fr. 116 and 568 PCG; Eupolis fr. 112 PCG). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 11811, 456 f.

Phanomachos

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Φανόμαχος). Athenischer stratēgós 430/ 429 v.Chr.: erfolgreiche Belagerung Poteidaias im J. 430; Anklage wegen angeblicher Milde gegen die Poteidaier und Freispruch; verheerende Niederlage und Tod im Frühsommer 329 bei Spartolos (Thuk. 2,70; 79; Diod. 12,47,3; Paus. 1,29,7: Stele für die Gefallenen beim Dipylon-Tor). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)

Peisianax

(98 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Πεισίαναξ). Athener, Alkmaionide (Alkmaionidai), Bruder der Isodike, die um 480 v.Chr. Kimon [2] heiratete. P. stiftete die um 460 auf der Nordseite der athen. Agora beim panathenaiischen Weg errichtete Stoa Peisianakteios, deren Fundamente nördlich der h. Hadrianu-Straße teilweise freigelegt sind. Vier große Bildtafeln (z.B. Marathonschlacht: [1]) zierten diese später als Stoa Poikile bekannte Halle. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography 1 E. Harrison, The South Frieze of the Nike Temple and the Marathon Painting in the Painted St…

Phaiax

(270 words)

Author(s): Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Hünemörder, Christian (Hamburg)
(Φαίαξ). [English version] [1] Stammvater der Phaiakes Myth. Stammvater der Phaiakes, Vater des Alkinoos [1] und des Lokros [3] (Diod. 4,72,2; anders Hom. Od. 7,54ff.; Nausithoos [1]). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) [English version] [2] myth. Schiffsoffizier des Theseus Myth. Schiffsoffizier des Theseus, zusammen mit Nausithoos [3] (Plut. Theseus 17). Käppel, Lutz (Kiel) Bibliography Deubner, 225. [English version] [3] Athen. Politiker, 5. Jh. v. Chr. Athener, Sohn des Eresistratos, Acharner (Aischin. 3,138; Ostraka [3. 78 Nr. 152]); aus vornehmer Familie und etwa gl…

Plangon

(69 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Πλαγγών). Tochter des athen. stratēgós des J. 389 v.Chr. Pamphilos [1], geb. vor 404. Erste Frau des Mantias [1], dem sie Boiotos (alias Mantitheos) und - außerehelich nach Scheidung und Tod ihrer Nachfolgerin - Pamphilos gebar. Zum Rechtshandel um das Namensrecht zwischen “Mantitheos” und Halbbruder Mantitheos [3] vgl. Demosth. or. 38 und [Demosth.] or. 39f. (ca. 350). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 365f.  Traill, PAA 774575.

Patrokles

(405 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Brodersen, Kai (Mannheim) | Zimmermann, Bernhard (Freiburg) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom)
(Πατροκλῆς). [English version] [1] Athen. Amtsträger (Ende 5. Jh. v. Chr.) Athener, im J. (404/)403 v.Chr. árchōn basileús; Verwandter des Isokrates und von ihm verteidigt (Isokr. or. 18,5). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Develin, 94 Nr. 1  Traill, PAA 768600. [English version] [2] Ankläger des Demosthenes Athener aus Phlya; seine Paranomieklage ( paranómōn graphḗ ) gegen Demosthenes [2] (Demosth. or. 18,5) wurde einhellig zurückgewiesen und kostete ihn 500 Drachmen Bußgeld. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Traill, PAA 768710. [English version] [3] g…

Polyeuktos

(545 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Engels, Johannes (Köln) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom)
(Πολύευκτος). [English version] [1] Sohn des Atheners Themistokles Drittältester Sohn des Themistokles und dessen erster Frau Archippe, der Tochter des Lysandros von Alopeke (der den zweitältesten, Diokles, adoptierte); unbekannten Lebenslaufes. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Davies, 6669  R. Frost, Plutarch's Themistocles. A Historical Commentary, 1980, ad 32,1  Traill, PAA, 778325. [English version] [2] athen. Rhetor, 2. H. 4. Jh. v. Chr. Sohn des Sostratos aus dem Demos Sphettos, athen. Rhetor der 2. H. des 4. Jh. v. Chr. im Umkreis des Dem…

Demaratos

(482 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Decker, Wolfgang (Köln) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Et al.
(Δημάρατος). [English version] [1] Korinthischer Aristokrat, 7. Jh.v.Chr. Korinthischer Aristokrat, Angehöriger der Familie der Bakchiadai. D. gelangte um die Mitte des 7. Jh.v.Chr. als Kaufmann bes. durch den Handel mit Etrurien zu Wohlstand. Als er unter der Herrschaft des Kypselos Korinth verlassen mußte, ließ er sich mit seinem Gefolge in Tarquinii nieder und heiratete eine etr. Aristokratin. Antiker Tradition zufolge gingen aus der Ehe zwei Söhne hervor, u.a. der erste etr. König Roms, Tarquinius P…

Abdemon

(72 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] Phoiniker aus Tyros (Diod. 14,98) oder Kition (Theop. FGrH 115 F 103), der den tyrischen Usurpator von Salamis ca. 415 v. Chr. ermordete (Isokr. or. 9,26). Der unter A. nach Soloi geflüchtete Euagoras kehrte 411 zurück (Isokr. or. 9,26-32; Diod.l.c.) und stellte die griech. Monarchie wieder her. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography H. Berve, Die Tyrannis bei den Griechen, 1967, 341  F. G. Maier, Cyprus and Phoenicia, CAH 62, 312.

Charinos

(225 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Furley, William D. (Heidelberg)
(Χαρῖνος). [English version] [1] Gegner Megaras, 5. Jh. v.Chr. Beantragte 433/32 v.Chr. im Sinne des Perikles ein Gesetz zu ewigem Haß und tätiger Feindschaft gegen Megara wegen Ermordung eines Herolds (Plut. Perikles 30,3; mor. 812C-D; PA 15434). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Develin 101  P.M. Fraser, E. Matthews, A Lexicon of Greek personal names, Bd. 2, 1994, 475, Nr. 4. [English version] [2] Athener, ca. 340 v.Chr. Makedonenfreundlicher Athener, ca. 340 v.Chr. (Demosth. or. 58,37f.; Deinarch. 1,63; PA 15437). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography P.M. Fra…

Deinomache

(50 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)
[English version] (Δεινομάχη). Tochter (Plut. Alk. 1,1) des Megakles (Sohn des Hippokrates aus Alopeke); Großnichte des Kleisthenes; Frau (Plat. Alk. 105d; Athen. 5,219c) des 447/46 v.Chr. gefallenen Kleinias; Mutter des Alkibiades [3] (Plat., Athen. ebd.; Prot. 320a). Traill, PAA 302530  Davies 600, 9688, Table 1. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough)

Diodoros

(3,444 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Riedweg, Christoph (Zürich) | Döring, Klaus (Bamberg) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Et al.
(Διόδωρος, Διόδορος). Bekannte Namensvertreter: der Philosoph D. [4] Kronos, der Mathematiker D. [8] aus Alexandreia, der Universalhistoriker D. [18] Siculus, der altchristl. Theologe D. [20] von Tarsos. [English version] [1] athen. Flottenbefehlshaber im peloponn. Krieg Athener, Flottenbefehlshaber mit Mantitheos Ende 408/7 v.Chr. am Hellespont mit hinreichend vielen Schiffen, so daß Alkibiades [3] nach Samos und Thrasyllos und Theramenes nach Athen segeln konnten (Diod. 13,68,2). (Traill, PAA 329550; Develin 171). Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) [English version] [2] A…
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