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(151 words)

Author(s): Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
[German version] (Symposius). A collection of 100 (perhaps originally 99) Latin riddles, each of 3 hexameters, from Late Antiquity, perhaps originating from the end of the 4th cent. AD, , is recorded under this name in the Codex Salmasianus and in other manuscripts. The preface designates the poems as light-hearted banquet poetry at the Saturnalia . The solution is given in the heading of each one; they are about everyday objects, plants and animals. A number of the riddles found their way into the Historia Apollonii regis Tyrii (chapter 42 f.). The S. became a …


(137 words)

Author(s): Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
[German version] Late antique Latin author of unknown date. The Codex Salmasianus attributes to him the poems Anth. Lat. 226 Sh.B. ( De Fortuna ), 227 ( De Adventu Veris ) and 259-262. These poems are characterized by the verbatim repetition of the first half of the hexameter in the second half of the pentameter in each couplet, turning an occasional device of Ovid's into game with form. The authorship of the other poems, Anth. Lat. 260-262 Sh.B., is questionable. The collection of epigrams, Anth. Lat. 25-68 Sh.B., may have …


(1,803 words)

Author(s): Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg) | Tinnefeld, Franz (Munich)
[German version] [1] M. Valerius M. The poet Martial, epigrammatist in the 1st cent. the Roman poet Martial. Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg) [German version] A. Biography The epigrammatist M. was born between AD 38 and 41 (cf. Mart. 10,24: 57th birthday) in Bilbilis in the province of Hispania Tarraconensis. Around 64, he came to Rome (10,103), where he was probably at first promoted in the circle of Seneca. His poetic production does not become tangible for us until much later, when he celebrated the inauguration of the amphitheatrum Flavianum ( Colosseum) in 80 with a book of epigrams ( De spe…

Codex Salmasianus

(105 words)

Author(s): Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
[German version] The Codex Parisinus Lat. 10318 (end of the 8th cent.) named after its former owner Claude de Saumaise (1588-1653), contains i.a. a collection of poems made in North Africa around AD 534. Alongside contemporary material such as the book of epigrams by  Luxurius, it also includes older texts (i.a.  Hosidius Geta,  Pentadius,  Pervigilium Veneris,  Symphosius). Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg) Bibliography Edition: Anth. Lat. I, I: ed. D. R. Shackleton Bailey, 1982 (without nos 7-18 Riese). Bibliography: 1 A. J. Baumgartner, Unt. zur Anthologie des C.S., 1981 2 W. Sche…


(154 words)

Author(s): Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
[German version] Author, writing in North Africa under the Vandals, of a book of epigrams edited in AD 534 and passed down in the Codex Salmasianus (Anth. Lat. 287-375 = 282-370 Shackleton Bailey). 203 = 194 Sh. B. and the epithalamium (Virgil Cento) 18 are also his. The correct form of his name is probably L., not Luxorius. L. is possibly identical with Lisorius, who has some verses quoted in mediaeval grammars. Those of his poems that are of cultural or historical interest consist predominantl…


(3,106 words)

Author(s): Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Lausberg, Marion (Augsburg)
I. Greek [German version] A. Beginnings The epigram was a part of Greek literature throughout its entire history (the oldest documents coincide with the first examples of alphabetic script) and originally consisted of a short verse inscription or label on vases, cups, votive gifts, funeral steles, herms, etc. The occasion was always real and could be public or private in nature. The metre of the epigram was the epic hexameter, sporadically in combination with a dactylic pentameter, an iambic trimeter,…