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(512 words)

Author(s): Strauch, Daniel (Berlin) | Isler, Hans-Peter (Zürich)
[German version] [1] Greece's longest, most voluminous river (Ἀχελῷος; Achelôios). Greece's longest, most voluminous river, in the territory of the Aitoli and the Acarnanes; original name Thoas, from the Middle Ages Aspropotamos, today again Acheloos; sources in the territory of the Dolopes (Thuc. 2,102,2) near Mount Lacmon in the Pindus; fed there by five tributaries; today greatly transformed by dams. Coming from the territories of the Agraei and the Amphilochi (Str. 10,2,1), its bed widened (nowadays …

Skene, scaena

(253 words)

Author(s): Isler, Hans-Peter (Zürich)
[German version] (σκηνή/ skēnḗ; Latin scaena) means a tent (Eur. Hec. 1289), or an awning on a vehicle (Xen. Cyr. 6,4,11). The term was particularly used in ancient architecture for the stage building of a theatre (e.g. IG II2, 161 A 115; cf. also Vitr. De arch. 5,6,1 et passim; also [1]). The earliest stone skene was that of the Dionysus Theatre in Athens (Athens, with plan of the Acropolis), which was dedicated by Lycurgus [9] in about 330 BC. It was a paraskenion-skene with wings projecting beside the lower stage ( paraskḗnia). In about 300 BC a second type of Greek skene, the prosk…


(713 words)

Author(s): Isler, Hans-Peter (Zürich)
[German version] (ᾠδεῖον/ ōideîon, Latin odeum). A space for reciting songs and poetry. Pericles had a rectangular colonnaded hall built on the southern slope of the Acropolis in Athens (Plut. Pericles 13,5f.; Paus. 1,20,4; connected by Vitr. 5,9,1 with Themistocles), which was called ōideîon. Its form was said to have been modelled on Xerxes' tent and was used for the musical agones in the Panathenaea. After its destruction in 87 BC, it was rebuilt by Ariobarzanes Philopator of Cappadocia (65-52 BC). Only partly excavated; details of the reconstruction a…


(6,286 words)

Author(s): Blume, Horst-Dieter (Münster) | Isler, Hans-Peter (Zürich)
[German version] I. Concept Greek θέατρον ( théatron: 'Place where one looks'); Lat. theatrum. The Greek word can denote any arrangement of rows of seats or raised stands ( íkria) as a gathering place for festive, cultic or athletic events, as in Sparta for the Gymnopaidia festival in 491 BC (Hdt. 6,67,3), in the sanctuary of Olympia (Xen. Hell. 7,4,31) or the altar steps in the Amphiareion of Oropus (IG VII 4255,29 f.). The stands for the games in honour of Patroclus [1] depicted by the vase painter Sophilus ( c. 570 BC) may be seen as a theatre as well [1]. As a technical term in …