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(118 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] [1] C. Fibulus End of the 1st cent. BC was in 10 BC the centre of a famous inheritance trial involving the estate of Urbinia, who C.'s lawyer, T.  Labienus, claimed had been his mother, while the lawyer representing the other heirs, C.  Asinius [I 4] Pollio, argued that C. had been a slave of someone called Sosipater (Quint. Inst. 7,2,4f.; 26; Tac. Dial. 38,2; Charisius, Gramm. p. 98,3ff.B. = 77,15ff. K.). Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) [German version] [2] C. Gallus End of the 1st cent. AD Friend of Pliny the Younger, who addressed Epist. [see author's works] 4,17…


(336 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] (Εὐρυκλῆς; Euryklês). Son of the noble Spartan Lachares, who was executed by Antonius for piracy (Syll.3 786; Plut. Ant. 67,2ff.). E. consequently fought on Octavian's s…


(1,981 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) | Kienast, Hermann J.
Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) [German version] A. Introduction (CT) Archaeological investigations on Samos (S.) date back to the 18th cent. They were initially superficial, and limited to finding and identifying the few remains still standing. As the sources provide very little in the way of concrete information, the quest at first concentrated on the monuments described by Herodotus (3,60) as the greatest structures in all Hellas: Eupalinus' tunnel, the harbour mole and the temple of Hera. The ancient …


(138 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Flaccus, A. Born in Rome, childhood playmate of the caesars Gaius and Lucius, and friend of  Tiberius (Philo, In Flacc. 19,158). …


(31 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Wife of P. Vitellius (died AD 31), was condemned in AD 37 for lèse-majesté (Tac. Ann. 6,47,1). PIR2 A. 102. Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) Bibliography Raepsat-Charlier 1, no. 5.


(30 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] T.C. Former praetorian who in AD 24 instigated an uprising of the slaves in Brundisium that was soon put down (Tac. Ann. 4,27). Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)


(10,704 words)

Author(s): Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Will, Wolfgang (Bonn) | Kierdorf, Wilhelm (Cologne) | Eck, Werner (Cologne) | Birley, A. R. (Düsseldorf) | Et al.
Name of a Roman lineage (Sabine Clausus, with the vernacular variant of   Clodius , esp. in the 1st cent. BC). The Claudii supposedly immigrated to Rome from the Sabine city of Regillum at the beginning of the republic in 504 BC under their ancestor Att(i)us Clausus ( Appius) and were immediately accepted into the circle of patrician families (Liv. 2,16,4-6), which explains why the early members received the invented epithets of Inregillensis C. [I 5-6] and Sabinus C. [I 31-32], [1. 155f.]. The praenomen Appius came to signify the family. Named after them was the Tribus Claudi…


(46 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Imperial freedman of the Augustan age (Suet. Aug. 67,1). In c. 7-4 BC he unmasked the alleged son of Herod, the false Alexander (Ios. Ant. Iud. 17,332; Bell. Iud. 2,106-110). Perhaps mentioned in CIL VI 23338 and XIV 3524. Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)


(1,382 words)

Author(s): Wirbelauer, Eckhard (Freiburg) | Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) | Meyer, Doris (Strasbourg)
[German version] [1] of Rome 3rd bishop of Rome, 2nd cent. AD (?) Since  Irenaeus (Haer. 3,3,3) recorded as the third bishop of Rome in the list of Roman bishops alth…


(72 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Wife of  Aelius [II 19] Seianus and bore him three children; he repudiated her in AD 23 (Tac. Ann. 4,3,5). Following his death she apparently reported to Tiberius her husband's complicity in the death of the younger Drusus, a story discounted by Tacitus (Ann. 4,11,2; Cass. Dio 58,11,6 [1]). She killed herself on 26 October 31 (FOst. 42). Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) Bibliography 1 D. Hennig, L. Aelius Seianus, 1975, 37 n. 16.

Augustus [1]

(5,528 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] A. Origin and adoption by Caesar Born on 23 September 63 BC in Rome as the son of C.  Octavius and  Atia [1], from an affluent family that did not belong to the nobility. A. lost his father at the age of four and was raised by his mother, a niece of Caesar (Tac. Dial. 28,5), first in Velitrae, then in the house of his stepfather L. Marcius Philippus (Nic. Damas. FGrH 2 A no. 90 F 127,5, whose biography dates back to the autobiography of A.). In 51, A. made the funerary speech for his grandmother Iulia (Suet. Aug. 8,1). On 18 October 48, he took on the toga virilis and soon thereafter was…


(134 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
Uncommon family name. [German version] [1] C., P. Comm…

Cremutius Cordus

(184 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Roman historiographer (and senator?) of the Augustan-Tiberian period. He incurred L.  Aelius [II 19] Seianus' hatred and was accused in AD 25 before the senate lege maiestatis, because he had glorified Caesar's murderers Brutus and Cassius in his Annales. After an honest defence, he took his own life by refusing food. His…


(1,444 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) | Frede, Michael (Oxford) | Hübner, Wolfgang (Münster) | Savvidis, Kyriakos (Bochum)
According to modern etymology, the name derives from *agrei-pod-, ‘having the feet in front’ (according to Leumann, 398, ‘very dubious’). Originally a praenomen (thus still in the Iulii, especially A. Postumus), then a cognomen in the families of the Antonii, Asinii, Cassii(?), Fonteii, Furii, Haterii, Helvii, Iulii, Lurii, Menenii, Vibuleni, Vipsanii, but also of Jewish kings ( Herodes A.). Documented as name of various persons. Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) [German version] [1] M. Vipsanius, consul 37, 28, 27 BC M. Vipsanius, born 64/3 BC, of knightly lineage, probabl…


(93 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] King in the lower Danube region about 40 BC., according to Flor. 2,28 of the Dacians (according to Suet. Aug. 63,2 of the Gaetae). Florus and Horace (Carm. 3,8,18) report that he suffered a defeat at the hands of the Romans, probably in 30/29 (cf. [1]). Information by Antony that Octavian planned to establish a family relationship with C. is probably just a rumour (Suet. ibid.). Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) Bibliography 1 A. Mócsy, Der vertuschte Dakerkrieg des M. Licinius Crassus, in: Historia 15, 1966, 511-514. A. Mócsy, Pannonia and Upper Moesia, 1974, 23f.


(507 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting) | Eck, Werner (Cologne)
[German version] [1] Vipsania, married to Tiberius from 16-12 BC Vipsania, daughter of M. Vipsanius Agrippa with Caecilia Attica (Nep. Att. 19,4). Born c. 33 BC, married to Tiberius from 16-12 (Suet. Tib. 7,2 f.), whom she bore Drusus Caesar in 15 (Drusus the Younger). Married C. Asinius Gallus after her divorce from Tiberius (Tac. Ann. 1,12; stemma RE 9 A 1232). Died in AD 20 (Tac. Ann. 3,19,3). Kien…

Carsidius Sacerdos

(54 words)

Author(s): Kienast, Dietmar (Neu-Esting)
[German version] Acquitted in AD 23 of the charge that he provided grain to  Tacfarinas in Africa (…
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