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Eugam(m)on

(161 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] (Εὐγάμ(μ)ων). Epiker aus Kyrene, dem die Telegonie in zwei Büchern zugeschrieben wird. Das Epos entstand laut Eusebios (bei Hier. chron. 102,1 Helm) in der Zeit der 53. Ol. = 568-565 v.Chr. und soll (Clem. Al. strom. 2,442,4f.) mit einem Buch des Musaios über die Thesproter identisch gewesen sein: E. habe daraus ohne Nennung der Vorlage geschöpft (Paus. 8,12,5 erwähnt ebenfalls eine Thesprotís). Die Telegonie berichtete von den der Odyssee nachfolgenden Reisen des Odysseus nach Elis, nach Thesprotien wegen der Weissagung des Teiresias (vgl. Hom. …

Antagoras

(159 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] von Rhodos. Verf. einer Thebais; er wurde wie sein Zeitgenosse Aratos [4] von Antigonos Gonatas an den makedonischen Hof gerufen. Diog. Laert. (4,26 und 2,133) verbindet ihn mit den Philosophen Krantor und erwähnt seine Freundschaft mit Menedemos. Das Epitaph für Krates und den um 270 oder 266 / 265 v. Chr. gestorbenen Polemon (Anth. Pal. 7,103) deutet auf ein Interesse des A. an der Akademie hin. Die 2 Distichen einer Inschr., die für eine 321/320 gebaute Brücke auf der Straße zwischen Athen und Eleusis verfaßt wurde (Anth. Pal. 9,147; Syll.3 1048), muß nicht zum Ze…

Dorotheos

(799 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rom) | Hoesch, Nicola (München) | Montanari, Franco (Pisa) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Et al.
(Δωρόθεος). [English version] [1] Bronzebildner aus Argos, M. 5. Jh. v. Chr. Bronzebildner aus Argos. Bekannt durch zwei Signaturen aus der Mitte des 5. Jh.v.Chr. auf Basen in Delphi und in Hermione (Kreta), mit Einlaßspuren für Pferd oder Reiterstatue. Neudecker, Richard (Rom) Bibliography J. Marcadé, Recueil des signatures des sculptures grecques, 1, 1953, Nr. 30-31  P. Orlandini, I donari firmati da Kresilas e Dorotheos a Hermione, in: ArchCl 3, 1951, 94-98. [English version] [2] Maler, M. 1. Jh. n. Chr. Maler des mittleren 1. Jh.n.Chr. Von Nero beauftragt, das schadha…

Archytas

(1,152 words)

Author(s): Riedweg, Christoph (Zürich) | Frede, Michael (Oxford) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[1] aus Tarent pythag. Philosoph, um 400 v. Chr. [English version] A. Leben Bedeutender pythagoreischer Philosoph der “mathematischen” Richtung und Politiker aus Tarent, Freund Platons. Leben und Lehre sind wegen der ungünstigen Überlieferungslage nur noch in Umrissen kenntlich; die echten Werke sind mit Ausnahme weniger Fragmente verloren, ebenso Aristoxenos' Biographie, Aristoteles' Schrift über A.' Philos. und seine Gegenüberstellung von Platons Timaios und A. (Nr. 94 bei Diog. Laert. 5,25 = Nr. 85 in Hesychs Kat.). A. wird als Sohn des Mnesagoras (Di…

Diophilos, Diophila

(73 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[English version] Auf dem POxy. 20, 2258C fr. 1 sind neben den Fragmenten der Plokamós Bereníkēs des Kallimachos neun Hexameter eines astrologischen Gedichtes erh., die sich thematisch und sprachlich an Aratos und Kallimachos anlehnen. Der Name des Verf. (Diophilos/Diophila) ist nicht eindeutig zu identifizieren. Die Verse wurden auf dem Pap. zitiert, da sie gleichfalls die “Locke der Berenike” behandeln. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography R. Pfeiffer, Callimachus 1, 1949, 118-120  SH 179-181

Dioskoros

(296 words)

Author(s): Makris, Georgios (Bochum) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διόσκορος). [English version] [1] Ptr. von Alexandreia 444-451 Patriarch von Alexandreia (444-451). Kirchenpolit. verfolgte er das Ziel, seinem Patriarchat den ersten Rang zu verschaffen, theologisch war er Vertreter der Lehre vom Vorrang der göttl. Natur Christi (gemäßigter Monophysitismus). Als in J. 448 der radikale Monophysit Eutyches verurteilt wurde, ergriff D. Partei für ihn, setzte sich mit Hilfe Kaiser Theodosios' II. auf der sog. “Räubersynode” von Ephesos (451) durch und stürzte den Patriarc…

Chersias

(141 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Χερσίας; Chersías). From Orchomenus; Plutarch in his ‘Banquet of the Seven Sages has C. taking part in the conversations as a poet (Mor. 156f), contemporary and close friend of  Periander, tyrant of Corinth (end of the 7th/beginning 6th cent. BC). Two hexameters by the poet (Paus. 9,38,9), in which the city's hero Aspledon is described as the son of Poseidon and Midea, are supposed to attest to the accuracy of local tradition in the Boeotian city of the same name. Pausanias' expli…

Evanthes

(57 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Εὐάνθης; Euánthēs). It is not known when he wrote his hymnos to Glaucus, in which he portrayed him as a son of Poseidon and the nymph Nais, and in which the god of the sea fell in love with  Ariadne, after Theseus had abandoned her (Ath. 7, 296c). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography SH 194.

Diotimus

(622 words)

Author(s): Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Διότιμος; Diótimos). [German version] [1] Strategos in Corcyra 433/2 BC Athenian, son of Strombichides, from Euonymon (his family is known into the 3rd cent.). Strategos in Corcyra in 433/32 BC (Thuc. 1,45,2; IG I3 364,9); 439-32 nauarchos at Neapolis (Timaeus FGrH 566 F 98); he may have led a legation to Susa (Str. 1,3,1). Perhaps identical with D. in Ath. 10,436e. Kinzl, Konrad (Peterborough) Bibliography Fraser/Matthews (1) Davies, 4386. [German version] [2] Athenian strategos c. 390 BC Athenian strategos. Commander of the Athenian mercenary force near Corinth in 390/…

Boeus

(85 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Βοιός; Boiós). Mentioned by both Ath. 9,393e and Antoninus Liberalis as the author of an Ὀρνιθογονία ( Ornithogonía), a didactic poem in at least two books from the 3rd cent. BC about men being transformed into birds. The work was used by Ovid and imitated, or translated into Latin, by his older contemporary, Aemilius Macer (two books). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography A. S. Hollis (ed.), Ovid, Metamorphoses Book VIII, 1970, xvii, 33 G. Lafaye, Les Métamorphoses d'Ovide et leurs modèles Grecs, 1904, 51-53 CollAlex 23-25.

Aegimius

(325 words)

Author(s): Graf, Fritz (Columbus, OH) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Nutton, Vivian (London)
(Αἰγιμιός; Aigimiós). [German version] [1] Mythical progenitor of the Dorians in the Oete mountains Son (or father) of Dorus, father of Dyman and Pamphilus (Hes. fr. 10a 7). Progenitor of the Dorians in the Oete mountains (Pind. Pyth. 1,64;5,72; Str. 9,427 after Ephoros, FGrH 115 F 15). He adopted Hercules' son Hyllus after the death of his father, in addition to his own sons, to show his appreciation of Hercules' help. The three Dorian phyles were given the names Hylleis, Pamphiloi, Dymanes, after them. Othe…

Aglaosthenes

(45 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Author of Ναξιακά ( Naxiaká) treating the childhood of Zeus. A. is perhaps the Agathosthenes named by the schol. Lycoph. 704 and 1021 as a paradoxographer. Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography FHG 4, 1868, 293-294 C. Robert (ed.), Eratosthenis Catasterismorum Reliquiae, 1878, 8, 26, 243.

Christodorus

(265 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Χριστόδωρος; Christódōros) from Coptus. Son of Paniscus; lived at the time of Anastasius I (491-518). Author of Πάτρια ( Pátria), i.e. poems about the early histories of different cities (Thessalonica, Nakle, Miletus, Tralles, Aphrodisias and Constantinople). As well as Λυδιακά ( Lydiaká), C. wrote an epic Ἰσαυρικά ( Isauriká) about Anastasius' Isaurian wars. Extant is his ἔκφρασις ( Ekphrasis) of the 80 statues in the baths of Zeuxippus in Constantinople, destroyed by fire during the Nika revolt of AD 532 (Anth. Pal. 2,1-416)…

Aglais

(40 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Daughter of Megacles (3rd cent. BC);she played on the trumpet at the first πομπή ( pompé) the πομπικὸν μέλος ( pompikòn mélos) held in Alexandria. Ath. 10,415ab mentions her greediness (see also Ael. VH 1,26). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)

Demetrius

(7,578 words)

Author(s): Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Schütrumpf, Eckart E. (Boulder, CO) | Günther, Linda-Marie (Munich) | Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Et al.
(Δημήτριος; Dēmḗtrios). Well-known personalities: the Macedonian King D. [2] Poliorketes; the politician and writer D. [4] of Phalerum; the Jewish-Hellenistic chronographer D. [29]. I. Politically active personalities [German version] [1] Officer under Alexander the Great Officer under Alexander [4], fought at Gaugamela as commander of a troop ( ile) of  Hetairoi and in India he commanded a hipparchy. Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) Bibliography Berve 2, no. 256. [German version] [2] D. Poliorketes Son of  Antigonus [1], born 337/6 BC (Diod. Sic. 19,96,1). In 320 he m…

Antiphon

(1,591 words)

Author(s): Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) | Engels, Johannes (Cologne) | Pressler, Frank (Heidelberg) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) | Cassin, Barbara (Paris)
(Ἀντιφῶν; Antiphôn). [German version] [1] Athenian (end of the 5th cent. BC) Athenian, who towards the end of the Peloponnesian War equipped two triremes. He was executed 404/403 BC by the 30 Tyrants ( Triakonta) (Xen. Hell. 2,3,40; Traill PAA, 138325). He is probably identical with an A., for whose daughter  Lysias gave an oration (Traill PAA, 138320; cf. Theop. FGrH 115 F 120 = Plut. Mor. 833A-B). Meier, Mischa (Bielefeld) [German version] [2] Athenian (middle of the 4th cent. BC) Athenian, was removed from the list of citizens. Thereafter he allegedly promised  Philippu…

Anubion

(59 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] Writer of an astrological didactic poem in elegiac form, of which only a paraphrase in prose and some verses in a work ascribed to  Manetho, namely the Ἀποτελεσματικά ( Apotelesmatiká) have survived. It is proven that  Firmicus Maternus has used this poem.  Didactic poem Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography CCAG II, 202-212 CCAG VIII 2, 57 und 62.

Archytas

(1,232 words)

Author(s): Riedweg, Christoph (Zürich) | Frede, Michael (Oxford) | Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
(Ἀρχύτας, Archỳtas) [1] of Tarentum Pythagoraean philosopher [German version] A. Life Important Pythagorean philosopher of the ‘mathematical’ orientation, politician of Tarentum, a friend of Plato's. His life and his teachings are known in little more than outline because of insufficient records; his true works, with the exception of a few fragments, are lost, as is Aristoxenus' biography, Aristotle's treatise on A.'s philosophy and his comparison of Plato's Timaeus and A. (no. 94 in Diog. Laert. 5,25 = no. 85 in Hesychius' catalogue). A. is described as the so…

Didymarchus

(60 words)

Author(s): Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main)
[German version] (Διδύμαρχος; Didýmarchos). Author of ‘Metamorphoses’ in at least three books, which seem to have included the  Battus myth. Rather than a heavenly origin for Pan he prefers the version with Pan as the son of  Gaia (Theoc. schol. 1, 3-4). Selzer, Christoph (Frankfurt/Main) Bibliography SH 20 & 175 U. v. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, Antigonos von Karystos, 1881, 172, n. 5.

Dionysius

(11,175 words)

Author(s): Meister, Klaus (Berlin) | Karttunen, Klaus (Helsinki) | Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Elvers, Karl-Ludwig (Bochum) | Et al.
(Διονύσιος; Dionýsios). Famous personalities: D. [1], the tyrant of Syracuse; the historian D. [18] of Halicarnassus. Dionysios (month),  Months, names of the. The chronicle of Ps.-D. by Tell Maḥre see D. [23]. I. Politically active personalities [German version] [1] D. I. Notorious tyrant in Syracuse c. 400 BC of Syracuse, son of Hermocritus, born in c. 430 BC, died in 367 BC. Founder of the ‘greatest and longest tyrannical rule in history’ (Diod. Sic. 13,96,4; appearance: Timaeus FGrH 566 F 29). Possessing a sophist education (Cic. Tusc. 5,63), D. had enormous ambitions a…
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