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Turicum

(113 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] The earliest traces of settlement on the Lindenhof moraine hill in Zurich are ascribed not to a Celtic population but rather to Ro…

Latobrigi

(124 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] In 58 BC the Helvetii persuaded three smaller Celtic neighbouring tribes to participate in their tribal emigration: Rauraci, Tulingi and L. (Caes. B Gall. 1,5,4); only with regard to the first do we know (cf. the future Colonia Augusta [4] Raurica) the original dwelling site east of the bend of the Rhine at Basle. After the battle of Bibracte the L., like the others, were sent back by Caesar to their old homeland that …

Viviscus

(102 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Pre-Roman Celtic road station on the Lacus Lemanus (modern Lake Geneva; Ptol. 2,12,5: Οὔικος/ Oúikos; It. Ant. 352,1; Tab. Peut. 3,2 f.; Geogr. Rav 4,26) on a route from the Summus Poeninus (modern Great Saint Bernard Pass) to Genava, modern Vevey (in the canton of Vaud). At V., a road branched off northwards through Minnodunum (modern Moudon) to Aventicum (modern Avenches). This crossroads was secured by a guardpost of

Noviodunum

(998 words)

Author(s): Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] [1] Capital of the Suessiones This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Oppidum Capital of the Suessiones, occupied by Caesar in 57 BC (Caes. B Gall. 2,12). N. can be identified with the oppidum of Pommiers (west of Soisson, De partement of Aisne). This was abandoned at the latest under Augustus, by about 50 BC a new one had come into being in the plain near Villeneuve-Saint-Germain [1; 2]. With the founding of the Gallo-Roman capital civitas of Augusta Suessionum in about 20 BC other settlement came to an end. Schön, Franz (Regens…

Rauraci, Raurici

(319 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Celtic tribe, neighbours along with the Tulingi and Latobici of the Helvetii (Caes. B Gall. 1,5,4). The R. migrated westwards from their homeland in 58 BC with the Helvetii. As Munatius [I 4] Plancus founded the colony of Augusta [4] Raurica (modern Augst (CH)) in the territory of the R. in 44 BC, it must be assumed that they lived between the Upper Rhine and the southern foothills of the Jura. The remark in Caes. B Gall. 1,1,4, according to which the Germani and Helvetii shared a…

Lepontii

(199 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] A Celtic tribe in the Central Alps where, according to Caes. B Gall. 4,10,3, the source of the Rhine is located. Most consider this passage to be a late interpolation because knowledge of the Central Alps only came with Augustus' Alpine War (between 25 and 15 BC): inscription of La Turbie ([1. 80ff.]; later Str. 4,6,6; 8; Plin. HN 3,134; 136f.). Regarding mistaken descriptions of the course of the Rhine [2. 303, 440]. Many placenames in the Swiss cantons Ticino, the Grisons and Valais are attrib…

Curia

(144 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Raeti, Raetia Pre-Roman station servicing the road connections from the Upper Rhine to the Alpine passes (Bernardino, Spluegen, Julier) that lead towards Italy, today known as Chur. The place was most likely a Roman

Ocelum

(181 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle) | Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam)
[German version] [1] Celtic place name from Spain to Britain Celtic place name from Spain to Britain, such as the station on the Turin - Mont Genèvre pass (Alpes Cottiae), located by [1] near Chiusa di San Michele on the Dora Riparia (cf. [2]). In the spring of 58 BC, Caesar passed through O., as a border point of Gallia Cisalpina, with five legions (Caes. B. Gall. 1,10). On the alleged battles with the Ceutrones [2] cf. [3. 57]. Walser, Gerold (Basle)…

Isarci

(54 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Raetian tribe in the Eisack valley in South Tyrol, subjugated by Augustus in the Alpine War (25-14 BC). The name is in the inscription on the Tropaeum Alpium from La Turbie. Walser, Gerold (Basle) Bibliography E. Meyer, Die röm. Schweiz, 1940, 70f., 80f., pl. I Id., Tropaeum Alpium, RE Suppl. 11, 1269.

Verbigeni

(91 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Sub-tribe of the Helvetii, whose area of settlement can not be located precisely, either for the period before 58 BC or after. When the Helvetii capitulated after their defeat at Bibracte in 58 v. Chr.,…

Basilia

(291 words)

Author(s): Pingel, Volker (Bochum) | Walser, Gerold (Basle)
This item can be found on the following maps: Celts (Basle). [German version] I. Celtic The Roman B. was preceded by a Celtic settlement of  Helvetii and  Rauraci. First, a large, open settlement existed in the late 2nd cent. in the Rhine plain (Basel-Gasfabrik), to which also belonged a field of cremation graves. During the early 1st cent., the Münsterhügel housed an  oppidum fortified with murus gallicus,

Salodurum

(157 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] In the pre-Roman period a station on the road south of the Jura from Lake Geneva to the Upper Rhine with a bridge over the river Aare and good wharfs for trade, modern Solothurn. After the Roman occupation, S. was a beneficiarii post (CIL XIII 5170; [1. no. 130 ill.]). Out of the road post there grew a

Lousonna

(177 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Celtic oppidum on the site of Lausanne (Switzerland, canton of Vaud) on the northern bank of the lacus Lemanus . Nearby large Roman harbour facilities ( vicus) with forum, basilica, temple, sailors' schola, harbour quay and warehou…

Tulingi

(99 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Tribe, neighbouring the Rauraci and the Latobrigi, induced by the Helvetii to take part in their campaign (Caes. B Gall. 1,5,4; 1,25,6: T. are the rearguard of the Helvetian army; 1,28,3: after the battle of Bibracte in 58 BC they were sent by Caesar back to their homeland; 1,29,2: number of marchers 36,000). The role of the T. in the battle of Bibracte implies an experienced mercenary corps (as indeed in [1. 788]). On the homeland of the T. and their ethnic origin (Celtic or Germanic) Caesar says nothing.…

Vitudurum

(154 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] Vicus or late Roman fort at modern Ober-Winterthur (in the canton of Zurich in Switzerland). At the end of the 1st cent. BC, a station ( Statio ) was established there on the road connecting the Roman legionary camp in Vindonissa and the Raetian centre in Augusta [7] Vindelicum. In the two first centuries of the Roman Imperial period, V. grew into a vicus with a Gallo-Roman temple district, baths and a residential quarter. When, with the abandonment of the limes (III.), Roman rule in Germania collapsed, Diocletian had the old east-west connect…

Vindonissa

(595 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Legio | Limes | Raeti, Raetia | Batavian Revolt Roman military camp and civilian settlement on a tongue of land at the confluence of the Rivers Aare and Reuss at modern Windisch (in Switzerland), where a Celtic settlement in the pre-Roman period is assumed. In connexion with the Alpine War (in 15 BC) under Tiberius [1] and Claudius [II 24] Drusus a small fort may already have been established there. It was not until AD 16/17, however, that the military …

Augusta

(3,972 words)

Author(s): Strothmann, Meret (Bochum) | Gaggero, Gianfranco (Genoa) | Barceló, Pedro (Potsdam) | Sonnabend, Holger (Stuttgart) | Walser, Gerold (Basle) | Et al.
(Αὐγούστα, Αὐγοῦστα; Augoústa, Augoûsta). [German version] [0] Title First to receive the name A. (‘the Sublime’) was  Livia [2], by the terms of the will of her husband  Augustus (Tac. Ann. 1,8,1; Vell. Pat. 2,75,3; Suet. Aug. 101,2), who at the same time adopted her into the Julian family (thus: Iulia Augusta). Hellenistic influence is disputed (in favour [1], against [2. 140-145]); the name Σεβαστή/ Sebastḗ with the same literal meaning was bestowed on the wives of Roman emperors in the Greek-speaking world independently of any conferring of the name of A…

Tigurini

(135 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)

Aventicum

(245 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Celts | Batavian Revolt Roman decreed capital of the  Helvetii in the west of their tribal area, on an ancient highway between Lake Geneva and Aare, modern Avenches. From about 12 BC until i…

Helvetii

(822 words)

Author(s): Walser, Gerold (Basle)
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