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Venelli

(134 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] People in Lugdunensis (Plin. HN 4,107: Venelli) in the northwest of Normandy on the Cotentin peninsula. The V. capitulated in 57 BC to Caesar's legate P. Licinius [I 16] Crassus (Caes. Gall. 2,34), but rose up the following year (Caes. Gall. 3,11,14) and also sent troops to Alesia in 52 BC (Caes. Gall. 7,75). The V.'s chief town in the pre-Roman period was probably the oppidum on modern Mont-Castre, 17 km to the west of Carentan, in the Imperial period initially Crociatonum (Ptol. 2,8,2: Κροκιάτονον/ Krokiátonon; Tab. Peut. 2,1: Crouciaconnum; …

Segora

(90 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Mansio or vicus of the civitas of the Pictones in the province of Aquitania, 33 leagues (72·6 km) from Lemonum and 18 leagues (39·6 km) from Portus Namnetum (modern Nantes) or from Iuliomagus (modern Angers) (Tab. Peut. 2,3). Of 12 different proposed locations, that of La Ségourie (community of Le Fief-Sauvain, département of Maine-et-Loire) is the most likely. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography …

Vindinum

(211 words)

Noviodunum

(998 words)

Author(s): Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Lafond, Yves (Bochum) | Walser, Gerold (Basle)
[German version] [1] Capital of the Suessiones This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Oppidum Capital of the Suessiones, occupied by Caesar in 57 BC (Caes. B Gall. 2,12). N. can be identified with the oppidum of Pommiers (west of Soisson, De partement

Tarusates

(93 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people in Aquitania, probably to the north of Aire-sur-l'Adour (in the département of Landes). The T. were subjugated in 56 BC by Licinius [I 16]  (Caes. Gall. 3,23,1; 27,1). The identification with the Toruates (in Plin. HN 4,108) is correctly rejected by [1], that with…

Tarnis

(84 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Tributary of the Garumna, modern Tarn (Auson. Epist. 22,27-32; 26,31; Auson. Mos. 465;  Sid. Apoll. Epist. 5,13,1;  Sid. Apoll. Carm. 24,45), rising on Cebenna Mons, border river between Narbonensis and Aquitania. According to Plin.  HN 4,109 (correction of [1. 148]) border river between the Tolosani (Tolosa) and the Petrocorii.…

Segodunum Rutenorum

(95 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Capital of the Ruteni in Aquitania (Ptol. 2,7,21: Σεγόδουνον/ Segódounon; Notae Tironianae 87,46: Segundunum or Secundunum; Tab. Peut. 2,3: Segodum or Segoduni), modern Rodez on the Aveyron. The economy of the surrounding area comprised mining and artistic pottery (centre of production of Terra Sigillata at La Graufesenque in the Tarn valley, 2 km to the south of Millan).…

Vindalium

(99 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] City in Gallia Narbonensis, in the pre-Roman period an oppidum of the Cavares, to the northeast of Avennio (modern Avignon), on the banks of the Sorgue ( Vindelicus amnis in Flor. Epit. 1,37,4; Isid. Orig. 9,2,96; Σούλγας/ Soúlgas in Str. 4,1,11), situated near its confluence with the Rhodanus, probably at Mourre-de-Sève (in the département of Vaucluse), between Sorgues and Vedène. In 121 BC, Cn. Domitius [I 3] Ahenobarbus defeated the Allobroges there (Liv. Epit. 61; Plin. HN 7,166; Oros. 5,13,2; Suet. Nero 2; Str. 4,1,11). Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography…

Veliocasses

(155 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people (according to Caes. B Gall. 2,4,1 originally Germanic) in Gallia Belgica (Caes. B Gall. 2,4,9; cf. 7,75,3; 8,7,4; Oros. 6,7,14; 6,11,12; Ptol. 2,8,8: Οὐενελιοκάσιοι/ Ou eneliokásioi; Liv. Per. 67), in the north and to a limited extent also in the south of the lower reaches of the Sequana (modern Seine; in the south of the département of Seine-Maritime and in the north of the département of Eure). In the pre-Roman period, the capital of the V. was probably the oppidum of 'Camp de Calidou' near Caudebec, from the time of Augustus onwards Rotomagus (modern Rouen) in the province of Lugdunensis (Plin. HN 4,107). The name V. lives on in the regional name le Vexin. Gallia (with map) Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography H. Bannert, s. v. V., RE …

Vasates

(219 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Ligurian/Celtic tribe in Aquitania (after Diocletian's reform in the province of Novempopulana) on both banks of the lower Garumna (Amm. Marc. 15,11,14: Vasatae; Ptol. 2,7,15: Οὐασάτιοι/

Tricasses

(126 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] People in northeastern Gallia on the upper Sequana and the modern Aube in Lugdunensis, with the Senones [2], the Parisii, the Meldi, the Remi and the Lingones as neighbours (Plin. HN 4,107). Until the 1st cent. BC they were probably reckoned among the Senones. Augustus organised them as an autonomous

Vorgium

(193 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: City in Gallia Celtica in the territory of the Aremorici (Aremorica), later in Lugdunensis, from the time of Augustus the chief town of the civitas of Os(s)ismi(i) (Ptol. 2,8,5: Οὐοργάνιον/ Ouorgánion; Tab. Peut. 2,2: V.; also the Maël-Carhaix milestone CIL XIII 9013), modern Carhaix (in the département of Finistère). In Late Antiquity, V. lost its rank as a civitas-capital to Gesocribate (modern Brest). Discussion of the identity of V. and Vorganium has been decided in the negative. Only V. represents Carhaix, Ptol. loc.cit…

Lactora

(183 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Suburb of a civitas in Aquitania, modern Lectoure (Département Gers), south of Aginnum (modern Agen). Other name evidence: Lacturatis, Notae Tironianae 87,77; Lactura, It. Ant. 462,5; Lactora, Tab. Peut. 2,2; Lacura, Geogr. Rav. 4,41; in provincia Novempopulana ... civitas Lactoratium, Notitia Galliarum 14; ordo Lactor( atium), CIL XIII 511. Oldest historical evidence is a honorary inscription of AD 105, mentioning a procurat( or) provinciarum Lugduniensis et Aquitanicae item Lactorae

Vienna

(642 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre | Caesar | Christianity | | Coloniae | Gallia/Gaul | Rome | Batavian Revolt City in Gallia Narbonensis on both banks of the Rhodanus (modern Rhône) at the confluence with the Gère, modern Vienne (in the département of Isère) on the left bank and Saint-Romain-en-Gal and Sainte-Colombe (both in the département of Rhône) on the right bank. Late Celtic settlement of the Allobroges with an oppidum on the Pipet and Sainte-Blandine hills and a trading place at the confluence of the Gère. I…

Uliaros

(57 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] (modern Oléron, in the département of Charente-Maritime). Island in the Aquitanicus Sinus (modern Biscaya; Plin. HN 4,109;  Sid. Apoll. Epist. 8,6,12; Geogr. Rav 5,33), near the mouth of the Garumna. It assignment to the territory of the Santoni and hence to  Aquitania is hypothetical. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography …

Vasio

(423 words)

Tricastini

(107 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] …

Vellaunodunum

(79 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Theatre Celtic oppidum of the Senones [2], conquered by Caesar's legate, C. Trebonius [I 1], in 52 BC (Caes. B Gall. 7,11,1; 7,11,4; 7,14,1). A precise location between Agedincum and Cenabum is not possible; Château-Landon and Terres-Blanches du Grand-Villon to the north of Montargis (

Vulgientes

(55 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Celtic people in Gallia Narbonensis. The chief town of the V. in the Roman period was the colonia Apta Iulia Vulgientum, modern Apt (in the département of Vaucluse). Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography P. Wuilleumier, s. v. V., R…

Mediolan(i)um

(673 words)

Author(s): Heucke, Clemens (Munich) | Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) | Schön, Franz (Regensburg) | Todd, Malcolm (Exeter) | Burian, Jan (Prague) | Et al.
(Μεδιολάν[ι]ον/ Mediolán[i]on). [German version] [1] Modern Milan This item can be found on the following maps: Socii (Roman confederation) | Theatre | Christianity | | Coloniae | Italy, languages | Pilgrimage | Regio, regiones | Rome | Batavian Revolt The modern city of Milan. It was founded in the early 4th cent. BC by the Insubres (Liv. 5,34,9) at the juncture of several Alpine valleys in the Padus/Po plain (Pol. 2,34,10); in 222 BC, it was captured by Cn. Scipio; it was later to become the most important city of that region (Pol.…

Vorganium

(60 words)

Author(s): Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück)
[German version] Town in the territory of the  Os(s)ismi(i), probably in Kérilien-en-Plounéventer (in the département of Finistère), where there is evidence of a pre-Roman settlement and an Imperial period  vicus (about 30 ha, theatre). V. is not identical to Vorgium, the chief town of the civitas. Polfer, Michel (Ettelbrück) Bibliography …
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