[German version] (πήρα/
pera). A bag or satchel for carrying bread (Theoc. Epigr. 1,49; Ath. 10,422b), seeds (Anth. Pal. 6,95; 104) or herbs and vegetables (Aristoph. Plut. 298), which belonged to the equipment of hunters (Anth. Pal. 6,176), shepherds (Anth. Pal. 6,177) or fishermen and was worn at the hip by means of a strap over the shoulder. The
pera was already an item characterizing beggars in Hom. Od. 13,437; 17,197; 410; 466 (cf. Aristoph. Nub. 924), and later became, along with the walking staff (
baculum, staff), a symbol used by wandering philosophers to demonstrate their poverty (Mart. 4,53, vgl. 14,81; Anth. Pal. 6,298). Older scholarship identified the
pera with, for example, the satchels of Crates  ([1. fig. 1079]) and Diogenes  (Diog. Laert. 6,33; 37). Hurschmann, Rolf (Hamburg) Bibliography
1 G.M.A. Richter, Portraits of the Greeks, vol. 2, 1965.