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Polychromy

(1,344 words)

Author(s): Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing) | Neudecker, Richard (Rome)
[German version] I. Introduction Polychromy is a term of modern art theory for the phenomenon of colour composition in sculpture, relief, architecture and pots and tablets of clay, stone, etc. It is the opposite of monochromy (Monochromata, Ornaments, Painting, Pigments). The Greek adjectives polýchroos (πολύχροος) and polychrṓmatos (πολυχρώματος), which denote material (Emp. fr. B23 DK) or surface (Aristot. Gen. an. 785b 19) polymorphy, are not terms of ancient art terminology [5. 38, 129 ff.]. Rather the procedures of coloration are named…

Paradeigma

(1,097 words)

Author(s): Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen)
[German version] I. Conceptual and linguistic aspects The Greek term παράδειγμα ( parádeigma; Latin exemplum, exemplar, 'authoritative model') is recorded from the middle of the 6th cent. BC: on a 5 m long section of wall in the tunnel of Eupalinus on Samos, there is an inscription ΠΑΡΑΔΕΓΜΑ. Whether this was to indicate a model or prototype, and if so which, is not yet conclusively clear [6; 4]. The meaning of the noun derived from παραδείκνυμι/ paradeíknymi ('exhibit side by side', cf. Isoc. Or. 12,39; Philostr. VA 7,1) always implies a comparison. Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen) …

Women painters

(746 words)

Author(s): Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen)
[German version] Painting (γραφική/ graphikḗ) appears to have been one of the few 'arts' (τέχναι/ téchnai) that could also be practised successfully by women (cf. Women authors; Female musicians). The vocational description ὁ/ἡ ζωγράφος/ zōgráphos ('male / female painter of living things') is attested on one occasion for a female painter (Phot. p. 149b 29-38), whilst no feminine counterpart for the more common γραφεύς/ grapheús ('painter') has been passed down to us. We would therefore have to regard the women trained in this téchnē as a negligible marginal phenomenon if it we…

Perspective

(924 words)

Author(s): Koch, Heidemarie (Marburg) | Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen)
[German version] I. Terminology The modern term perspective has its origin in the concept of ars perspectiva expounded by L.B. Alberti in 1435 in his treatise De Pictura (1,18-21) [1]. According to this, the painter gazes through a window at an object which is traced and then located in three dimensions in an empty 'spatial box'. The outline visible on the plane of the window is the perspectival projection [8. 121; 10. 79-82]. Ancient theory of art has no equivalent for the term perspective, since it has no concept of an …

Polychromie

(1,274 words)

Author(s): Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen) | Höcker, Christoph (Kissing) | Neudecker, Richard (Rom)
[English version] I. Einleitung P. ist ein Begriff der neuzeitlichen Kunstwiss., der das Phänomen der farbigen Fassung von Rundplastik, Relief, Architektur sowie von Gefäßen oder Tafeln aus Ton, Stein usw. benennt. Er steht in Opposition zur Monochromie (Farben, Malerei, Monochromata, Ornament). Die griech. Adj. polýchroos (πολύχροος) und polychrṓmatos (πολυχρώματος), die die Vielgestaltigkeit von Stoffen (Emp. fr. B23 DK) oder Oberflächen (Aristot. gen. an. 785b 19) bezeichnen, sind keine Begriffe der ant. Kunstterminologie [5. 38, 129 ff.]…

Perspektive

(825 words)

Author(s): Koch, Nadia Justine (Tübingen)
[English version] I. Terminologie Der mod. Terminus P. hat seinen Ursprung im Konzept der ars perspectiva, das L.B. Alberti 1435 in seinem Traktat De pictura (1,18-21) darlegte [1]. Demnach blickt der Maler durch ein Fenster auf den Gegenstand, der durch die Umrißzeichnung in einem leeren “Raumkasten” dreidimensional verortet wird. Der sich auf der Fensterfläche abbildende Umriß ist die perspektivische Projektion [8. 121; 10. 79-82]. Die ant. Kunsttheorie hat kein Äquivalent für den Begriff P., da sie den leeren “Raum …