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Lacius

(146 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Λάκιος; Lákios, ‘the ragged one’). [German version] [1] Attic hero Attic hero, after whom the deme Laciadae was named; his heroon was on the Sacred Road to Eleusis (Paus. 1,37,2). Michel, Raphael (Basle) [German version] [2] Rhodian from Lindus Rhodian from Lindus, mythical founder of the Lycian city of Phaselis near the border with Pamphylia. When L. went to Delphi with his brother Antiphemus, to question the oracle, he was sent east, his brother west. As a result he founded Phaselis, and his brother Gela in Sicily (Aristaenetus…

Kory(n)thos

(28 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κόρυ(ν)θος). Epithet of Apollo at Corone in Messene. He was worshipped as a healing god, following an ancient tradition (Paus. 4,34,7). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Mycena

(96 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Ceryx

(55 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κῆρυξ; Kêryx). Progenitor of the priestly lineage of Ceryces officiating in Eleusis, according to whom he was the son of Hermes and one of the three daughters of Cecrops,  Aglaurus [2],  Herse or  Pandrosus; according to another genealogy, he was the son of Eumolpus (schol. Soph. OC 1053). …

Ceisus

(108 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κεισός, Κίσσος; Keisós, Kíssos). Eldest son of the Heraclid  Temenus, king of Argus, and the brother of  Phalces, Cerynes, Agaius (different at Apollod. 2,179) and  Hyrnetho. When the king prefers Hyrnetho and her husband  Deiphontes over his sons as his successors, they conspire under the leadership of C. against their father and have him murdered. They, however, are forced from the thr…

Occasio

(95 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] Female personification of 'opportunity' or the 'favourable moment'. O. is the Roman equivalent of Greek Kairos, although there is far less literary evidence for it. O. is represented with winged shoes and a small wheel, as symbols of its unstable and fleeting nature, whereas its face is hidden by a forelock and the back of the head is bold, a symbol of the difficulty of recognizing and grasping the right moment (Dicta Catonis, Disticha 2,26; Auson. epigrammata 33 Prete).…

Cychreus

(145 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Leukos

(50 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Λευκός/ Leukós, ‘the white’). Boeotian epithet of Hermes. The cult of Hermes L. was established due to an oracle which held that the Tanagraeans must sacrifice a boy and a girl in order to persist in the war against the Eretrians (schol. Lycoph. 680). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Callidice

(111 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Καλλιδίκη; Kallidíkē). [German version] [1] Daughter of Celeus and Metaneira The most beautiful daughter of the Eleusinian king  Celeus and his wife  Metaneira. Along with her sisters Cleisidice, Demo, and Callith…

Clymenus

(322 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Κλύμενος; Klýmenos, ‘the famous’). [German version] [1] Epithet of Hades-Pluto Epithet of  Hades-Pluto, in the Argive  Hermion(e). The Demeter temple there is said to have been erected by C. and his sister Chthonia: When  Demeter arrives in Argolis, she is ignored by their father Phoroneus, and Chthonia disapproves of her father's behaviour. As punishment the father is burned, together with the house, but she is brought to Hermione to erect a sanctuary to Demeter. Thus, C. (Ov. Fast. 6,757) and Chthonia …

Laodamas

(196 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Λαοδάμας; Laodámas, ‘subjugator of peoples’). [German version] [1] Son of Eteocles Son of Eteocles [1]. In his youth, Creon [1] is his guardian; as soon as L. is of legal age he succeeds his father (Paus. 1,39,2). In the Battle at Glisas, he kills the Epigone Aegialeus [1], son of Adrastus, but is himself killed by Alcmaeon (Apollod. 3,83). According to another version, he withdraws after a defeat, with some of his followers, to the Encheleans in Illyria, where his ancestor Cadmus once ruled (Hdt. 5,61; Paus. 9,5,13), another part conquers Homole in Thessaly (Paus. 9,8,6). Michel, Raphael (Basle) [German version] [2] Trojan, son of Antenor Trojan, son of Antenor [1], is killed by Ajax [1]. Michel, Raphael (Basle) [German version] [3] Favourite son of the Phaeacian king Alcinous Favourite son of the Phaeacian king Alcinous [1]. He vacates the place next to his father for Odysseus, who has arrived in the palace, and tries to cheer him up by challenging him to take his measure in a contest with one of the Phaeaces, which Odysseus declines to do, however, with reference to the rules of hospitality (Hom. Od. 7,170; 8,117-158). Michel, Raphael …

Cinadus

(68 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κίναδος, Kínados, ‘Fox’). One of the helmsmen of  Menelaus. His tomb is said to have existed on the Laconian foothills of the Onugnathus (‘Donkey chin’) opposite the island of  Cythera, not far from a shrine to Athena, supposedly built by Agamemnon (Paus. 3,22,10). In the ‘Odyssey (Hom. Od. 3,282) he is called  Phrontis; however, this person was buried on Cape Sunium. …

Cleisonymus

(54 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κλεισώνυμος; Kleisṓnymos, ‘Noted with Praise’; also Cleitonymus: Apollod. 3,176). Son of  Amphidamas [2] from Opus in Locria. He was accidentally slain by the young  Patroclus in a dispute during an  astragalos game, whereupon Patrocl…

Laocoosa

(61 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Laerces

(62 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
(Λαέρκης/ Laérkēs, ‘where there is protection for warriors’). [German version] [1] Myrmidon A Myrmidon, son of Haemon, father of Alcimedon [2] (Hom. Il. 16,197; 17,467). Michel, Raphael (Basle) [German version] [2] Goldsmith from Pylos A goldsmith from Pylos; he had to gild the…

Cleoboea

(122 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Lampetus

(60 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Λάμπετος; Lámpetos). Hero of Lesbos. In the epic Λέσβου κτίσις/ Lésbou ktísis (‘The Founding of Lesbos’), preserved in fragments, Achilles devastates the island, slaying L. and the other heroes in the siege of Methymna (Anonymus FGrH 479 F 1; Parthenius 21). In later times a tomb is attributed to L. (Steph. Byz. s.v. Λαμπέτειον). Michel, Rapha…

Ceto

(62 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle)
[German version] (Κητώ; Kētṓ). Daughter of Pontus and Gaia. By her brother  Phorcys, she gives birth to the  Graeae, the Gorgons ( Gorgo), and  Echidna and the serpent who guards the golden apples of the  Hesperides (Hes. Theog. 238; 270-336; Apollod. 1,10; 2,37); according to a later version the  Hesperides are also her daughters (schol. Apoll. Rhod. 4,1399). Michel, Raphael (Basle)

Leonteus

(206 words)

Author(s): Michel, Raphael (Basle) | Dorandi, Tiziano (Paris)
(Λεοντεύς; Leonteús, ‘lion’). [German version] [1] Leader of the Lapiths' contingent at Troy Son of Coronus. With Polypoetes he leads the contingent of the Lapithae at Troy. Together, they also defend the Greek camp and participate in the funerary games for Patroclus (Hom. Il. 2,745ff.; 12,128ff.; 23,837ff.). Michel, Raphael (Basle) Bibliography H. W. Stoll, s.v. L., Roscher 2, 1944-1945. [German version] [2] Of Lampsacus, student of Epicurus L. of Lampsacus, one of the most important students of Epicurus. L. and his wife Themista got to know Epicurus during …
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