[German Version] The Latin word
causa is usually understood to denote the causal element of a cause and effect relationship (Causality: I). The Aristotelian system of four causes (
causa formalis, and
causa materialis; Arist.
Metaph. I, 3;
Phys. II, 3) profoundly influenced theological thought in Scholasticism and Lutheran orthodoxy (II, 2.a).
Causa can also ¶ denote the necessary conditions (
causa sine qua non) for something to take place. – In the expressions
causa sui and
causa functions as a term for God. As
causa sui, God is his own ca…