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Meals, Cultic

(659 words)

Author(s): Seidl, Theodor
[German Version] The expression “cultic meals” denotes solemn eating and drinking (Eating/Drinking), as opposed to everyday satisfaction of the appetite. In cultic meals, table fellowship establishes a link with the divinity ( convivium) or participation in it ( communio, theophagy), and thereby a share in the divine life force. Cultic meals take place at fixed times and in special places, according to fixed rules (Rite and ritual), supported by a cultic community. Cultic meals are often connected with sacrifices that offer food to the divinity. In the Old Testament, the prevailing notion is that cultic meals express the experienc…

Narrative

(2,178 words)

Author(s): Schott, Rüdiger | Seidl, Theodor | Pöttner, Martin | Helmer, Christine | Wegenast, Klaus
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. Bible – III. Fundamental Theology and Philosophy of Religion – IV. Literary History – V. Practical Theology I. Religious Studies Orally transmitted narratives are often the most important sources for the religious views of preliterate peoples. Frequently narra…

Purification

(2,436 words)

Author(s): Stausberg, Michael | Cancik, Hubert | Seidl, Theodor | Kollmann, Bernd | Schneider-Ludorff, Gury | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies As with many animals, purification is a basic area of human behavior. Mutual purifying implies and generates expectations, trust, solidarity, and hierarchy. Religious actions (e.g. the purifying of statues and pictures of gods) go back to identical structures. Purifying is a fundamental element of ritual actions. Ritual o…

Pure and Impure

(4,031 words)

Author(s): Stausberg, Michael | Seidl, Theodor | Kollmann, Bernd | Schneider-Ludorff, Gury | Wandrey, Irina | Et al.
[German Version] I. Comparative Religion In differentiated religious systems or cultures, the categories of clean and unclean, or purity and impurity, represent a key classificatory-communicative distinction which determines the course of inner boundaries (e.g. those between clergy and laity or women and men) and outer boundaries (e.g. between believers and “pagans,” in-group/out-group). It enjoys particular plausibility in the c…

Exegesis

(13,995 words)

Author(s): Pezzoli-Olgiati, Daria | Cancik, Hubert | Seidl, Theodor | Schnelle, Udo | Bienert, Wolfgang A. | Et al.
[German Version] (Biblical Scholarship, Hermeneutics, Interpretation) I. Religious Studies – II. History of Religions – III. Greco Roman Antiquity – IV. Bible – V. Church History – VI. Practical Theology – VII. Biblical Scenes in Art – VIII. Judaism – IX. Islam I. Religious Studies Exegesis (for etymology see III below) is the explanation, interpretation, or analysis of sacred or otherwise religiously central …