I. The Term Linguistic usage is not uniform. The English expression
pastoral care comes from Lat.
pastor (Pastor), while the corresponding German term,
Seelsorge, is literally “soul care.” Both terms have a secular origin. The concept is first found in Plato, that is, in a “philosophy that understands itself as pastoral care” (Bonhoeffer, 9). Plato has Socrates call on his fellow-citizens to show ἐπιμέλεια τῆς ψυχῆς/
epiméleia tḗs psychḗs. They should care not only for riches and honor, but also for their souls (
Apol. 29 e 2); for the soul, unlike the body (Body…