[German Version] epic poet, known only through quotations of his Greek epic on the Samaritan city of Shechem (Hellenistic foundation myth, events involving Jacob, Dinah, Simeon, and Levi, circumcision, murder of the Shechemites [Gen 34]) in Alexander Polyhistor’s
On the Jews, another lost work. Only six fragments (47 hexameters) of Theodotus’s work are preserved in Eusebius of Caesarea’s
Praeparatio evangelica. The epic was produced in Palestine or Alexandria before the 1st century bce; its clear interest in the topic of forced conversion to Judaism suggests that it may have been written under John Hyrcanus (I), whose reign also witnessed the final separation of the Samaritan population (Samaria). The author’s affiliation with the Samaritans, whom he considered “Jews,” remains conjectural (Jos.
Ant. IX, 290f.). Irina Wandrey Bibliography H.G. Kippenberg,
Garizim und Synagoge, 1971 N. Walter,
Fragmente jüdisch-hellenistischer Epik. Philon, Theodotus, JSHRZ 4/3, 1983, 154–171 C.R. Holladay,
Fragments from Hellenistic Jewish Authors, vol. II, 198…