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Ostrogoths

(911 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Gothic people in the 5th and 6th cents. AD, going back to the Greuthungi, who fell under the Huns' rule after AD 375; these were already referred to as O. or Austrogoths (SHA Claud. 6,2). Iord. Get. 98f. mentions king Ostrogotha as the mythical eponym, who seems to have still ruled over all the Goti in the 3rd cent. AD. Indeed, after a long period of time without a king under Attila's supremacy, the O. gathered around the Amali brothers Valamir, Thiudimir and Vidimir (Amali). Vala…

Athanaric

(326 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] (Athanaricus in Amm. Marc. 27,5,6; 31,3,4; Jer. Chron. 327F; Hydat. Chron. s.a. 381). Iudex of the Gothic Tervingians, head of their royal clan (Zos. 4,34), probably the elder  Balthi, died on 25.1. AD 381 in Constantinople. His father exacted from him an oath never to tread on Roman soil (Amm. Marc. 27,9; 31,4,13). This should be understood as an expression of the sacral function of the Tervingian iudex, who was also the supreme army commander of the gens [1. 76]. In 366 because of his kinship with  Constantinus [1], the Tervingians sent the usu…

Alaricus

(1,033 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna) | Eder, Walter (Berlin)
[German version] [1] (Alarich). Mid 4th cent. AD, King of the Erulians (Alarich). Mid 4th cent. AD, King of the Erulians who resided on the Sea of Asov according to  Ablabius [3] quoted by Iordanes ( iuxta Maeotidas Paludes habitans). They were defeated by the Greuthungi king  Ermanaricus, partially destroyed, the rest of them subjugated. Nothing more is known about the personal destiny of A. (Iord. Get. 117-119). Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna) Bibliography H. Wolfram, Die Goten, 31990, 44, 97, 150. [German version] [2] I Gothic king, AD 391-410 A. I, from the Balthi family (Iord. Get…

Tervingi

(228 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Gothic people at the end of the 3rd and in the 4th cent. AD (Amm. Marc. 31,3,4; 31,5,1: Thervingi; Claud. De consulatu Stilichonis 1,94: Visi; Not. Dign. Or. 6,20; 6,61), first mentioned in AD 291 in the Genethliacus Mamertini 11,17,3. According to [1. 407], the name can be traced to the Gothic triu ('tree'). After the Goti split after AD 280, the T. settled as T. and Greuthungi in the woodlands to the east of Prut (Pyretus). In the 4th cent., they spread out in the east of Romania as far as the lower Danube (Istrus [1]) in the a…

Greuthungi

(197 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Gothic people of the 4th cent. AD, also called Grauthingi (S HA Probus 18,2), Greothingi (Hydatius, Chronica, sub anno 385; Chron. min. 2,15), Greothyngi (Chron. min. 1,244) or Gruthungi (Claud. in Eutropium 2, 153; 196; 399; 576; Claud. Panegyricus de IV consulatu Honorii 623ff.) or Γρουθίγγοι (Suda s.v. Σκήψας) and often considered to be Scythians. Also named Ostrogothi or Austrogoti (S HA Clod. 6,2) with whom they occur mixed, for instance by Claudianus (Pan. Lat. de IV consulatu Honorii 624-636). Under their king Ermanaric from the stirps regia of the  Amali, th…

Athalaric

(309 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] (Athalaricus). Son of  Amalasuntha (daughter of Theoderic the Great) and of Fl. Eutharicus Cilliga, brother of Mathasuntha, born AD 516. On his deathbed in 526, his grandfather Theoderic designated A. as his successor as king of the Goths and Romans. His mother ruled as regent for him (Iord. Get. 304; Rom. 367; Excerpta Valesiana 16,96). She settled differences with the senate and the Catholic clergy of Italy that arose at the conclusion of Theoderich's rule and gave A. a philosophical-rhetorical education. The expression of her politics is the so-called Edictum Athal…

Ablabius

(329 words)

Author(s): Portmann, Werner (Berlin) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
(Ἀβλάβιος; Ablábios). [German version] [1] Flavius A., 4th cent. AD Flavius A. was one of the most influential officials under  Constantinus the Great. He came from Crete (Lib. Or. 42,23); the child of poor non-Christians (Eun. Vit. Soph. 6,3,1-7); later converted to Christianity (Athan. Epist. Fest. 5). In AD 324/326 he was vicarius of Asia (CIL III 352), 329-337 praef. praet. Orientis, 331 cos. ord. It is said to have been on his instigation that the pagan philosopher  Sopater was executed by Constantine (Eun. Vit. Soph. 6,2,12; 3,7,13; Zos. 2,40,3). He was possibly still in office as pra…

Aidoingus

(63 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] (Αἰδόϊγγος; Aidóïngos). Amal and relative of  Theoderic the Great, before AD 478 comes domesticorum in the East; favourite of the empress Verina with great influence at the court (Malchus fr. 20 Blockley). PLRE 2, 11 f. Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna) Bibliography H. Wolfram, Die Goten, 31990, 261, 274 A. Schwarcz, Die Goten in Pannonien, in: Mitt. Inst. österr. Geschichtsforsch. 100, 1992, 50-83 esp. 75.

Visigoths

(1,108 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Gothic tribe, at the turn of the 4th/5th cents. AD arisen from the remains of the Tervingi, also known as the Vesi (the 'Good/Noble Ones'), who had settled Thracia and Moesia (Moesi) in the 4th cent. (Cassiodorus coined the pair of geographical opposites Ostrogothi-Vesegothi/ Visigothi/ Visigothae, understood as 'Eastern and Western Goths' in the 6th cent.). The term Vesi is also found referring to the V. in Sidonius Apollinaris. The Romans' Gothic foederati in the Balkans had proclaimed Alaric I (Alaricus [2]) their king in AD 391…

Agriwulf

(181 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Murdered the comes Censorius (Hydatius Lemicus, Chronica 131 Burgess) in AD 448 after the accession to power of the Suebi king Rechiarius in Hispalis. Probably identical to Aioulf, the cliens proprius of Warnian origin of  Theoderic II, whom Theoderic made governor of the Suebi kingdom after his victory over Rechiarius in 456 (Iord. Get. 229-233; Hydat. Chron. 166-168). A. fled after that between 448 and 456 to the West Gothic king and offered himself as Varnorum stirpe genitus, longe a Gothici sanguinis nobilitate seiunctus (Iord. Get. 233) as a candidate for t…

Aithanarid

(113 words)

Author(s): Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna)
[German version] Scholar at the court of  Theoderic the Great in Ravenna, wrote around AD 500 a geographic work, which is known through excerpts in the cosmography of the Anonymus of Ravenna. A. is the first to report extreme cold in the territory of the Finns in northern Europe (Anon. Rav. 4,12,201). Primarily from him the Anonymus also takes the description of Francia Rinensis (4,24,226) and the territories of the Thuringians and Alemanni (4,25,229). Noteworthy is the systematic arrangement of the cities according to their position on rivers [1. 43]. Schwarcz, Andreas (Vienna) Biblio…