[German version] (ἡ πάροδος/
párodos, literally 'entrance, entry song of the chorus'). In his list of components common to all tragedies, Aristotle  defined
parodos in his
Poetics (12, 1452 b22f.) as the first chorus part, with an additional sense of 'entry song' or 'entry speech' (cf. Aristot. Eth. Nic. 1123 a23f.). However, structural analysis should not be limited to rigid, schematic definitions, but also consider the construction and development of dramatic action (σύστασις τῶν πραγμάτων, ibid.). In Attic tragedy, the
parodos may open the play (Aesch. Pers. and Suppl.) or follow a prologue. In formal terms, a distinction can be made among three types: 1. A recitative by the chorus or the chorus leader in (marching) anapests is followed by a strophic choral song (e.g. Aesch. Pers. 1ff.; Aesch. Suppl. 1ff.; Aesch. Ag. 40ff.). 2. The
parodos consists of only one strophic choral song. 3. The
parodos is constructed as an amoibaion, often in an epirrhematic composition (e.g. Eur. Med. 131ff.; Soph. OC 117ff.). A special type is found in Aeschylus'
Seven against Thebes (…