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Station (statio)/Stationskirche

(169 words)

Author(s): Brüske, Gunda
[English Version] Station (statio)/Stationskirche, urspr. Versammlung (oder -ort), dann speziell zu Fasten und Wortgottesdienst, schließlich in Rom im 4.Jh. zur Eucharistiefeier von Bischof und Ortskirche in zunächst je neu bestimmten, im 7.Jh. festgelegten und im röm. Meßbuch bis 1970 für 89 Tage weiterhin verzeichneten Stationskirchen (Sk.). Röm. Eigenart ist die Prozession von einer nahegelegenen Kirche (Collecta) zur Sk. (bis Anfang des 14.Jh.). Schon in der Antike für andere Städte bezeugt, w…

Station Church

(202 words)

Author(s): Brüske, Gunda
[German Version] A statio (“station”) was originally a gathering or gathering place; it then came to be associated particularly with fasts and the liturgy of the word. In 4th-century Rome, it finally came to denote the eucharistic celebration by the bishop and the local church in stational churches, first newly designated and then permanently assigned in the 7th century; until 1970 they were still listed in the Roman Missal for 89 days. A unique feature (until the early 14th cent.) was a procession from a nearby church ( collecta). This form of urban liturgy, attested for other cit…

Holy Water

(198 words)

Author(s): Brüske, Gunda
[German Version] Although properties of cleansing (Purification) and atoning (Expiation) were ascribed to water in Judaism and in the ancient world, it was only in the 6th century that there is documented evidence for water being blessed in the West (there with salt added). In the 8th century, the practice of aspersion with holy water at the start of the Sunday mass began in Merovingian and Carolingian monasteries. This practice found its way into parish church services in the 9th century, where i…


(509 words)

Author(s): Brüske, Gunda | Sporbeck, Gudrun
[German Version] I. In the Liturgy The paten (Lat. patena, from Gk πατάνη/ patánē, “flat dish”) serves as a container for the consecrated bread of the Eucharist; it is a functional parallel to the chalice holding the wine (Liturgical vessels, Liturgical implements). Originally it was as a platter on which the bread was broken and arranged; after the change to smaller hosts in West, it was reduced to a flat plate for a host, 12–20 cm in diameter, fitted to the top of the chalice (unlike the δίσκος/ dískos used in the East). In Catholic and Evangelical church practice, paten and chal…


(438 words)

Author(s): Brüske, Gunda | Sporbeck, Gudrun
[English Version] I. Liturgisch Die P. (patena, lat. Lehnwort von griech. πατα´n̆η/pata´nē, »Schüssel«) nimmt als Hostienschale das in der Eucharistiefeier verwendete Brot auf und entspricht so funktional dem Abendmahlskelch mit Wein (Gefäße, liturgische; Geräte, liturgische). Urspr. als Schüssel für die Brechung und Austeilung des Brotes verwendet, wird sie nach dem Aufkommen von Hostien im Westen auf einen flachen, der Kelchöffnung angepaßten Teller von 12–20 cm Durchmesser für eine Hostie reduziert (anders der δι´σκος/di´skos im Osten). Kath. und ev. werden P.…

Mystery Religions

(3,778 words)

Author(s): Gordon, Richard L. | Betz, Hans Dieter | Felmy, Karl Christian | Brüske, Gunda | Stolz, Michael | Et al.
[German Version] I. Religious Studies – II. The Christian Cult and the Mysteries – III. Art History I. Religious Studies Modern discussion of the Greek mysteries goes back to the material collected by the Dutch scholar Jan de Meurs (1619), which served as the main source for I. Casaubon's argument that the Early Church borrowed but changed some terminology and institutions from the mysteries ( Exercitationes, 1655). The belief that there was a specific religious phenomenon, “the mystery cults of antiquity,” that could be compared directly with the practice…
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