I. Early Judaism The Septuagint uses προσήλυτοι/
lytoi, literally “those who have come over,” to translate Hebrew גֵּר/
gēr (“resident alien” [Stranger: II] in the land of Israel, enjoying a special legal status). Toward the end of the ¶ second temple period,
proselyte came to denote primarily a convert to Judaism (e.g. Jos.
Apion. II 28), with almost the same rights in the Jewish community as someone born a Jew. In early Judaism, three conditions for conversion (VIII) to Judaism were laid down: offering sacrifice (dropped af…