¶ “Torah” (
tôrôt) derives from Heb.
yrh, hôrâ, “show, direct, instruct.” In a more general sense it means “teaching”; in a narrower sense, “law.” It can denote either a single instruction, as in Lev. 6:9, 14 (MT: 6:2, 7), or more generally a collection of commands. Only in the latter sense can a specific group such as the Decalogue be considered as a Torah, although it is not exclusively called by this word. “Torah” further denotes the Pentateuch
(ḥummāš), the five books of Moses, whose unfortunate Greek and Latin renderings (
lex), however, are inappropriate insofar …