[German Version] I. Chance vs. Contingency – II. Accident vs. Essence – III. Chance vs. Order – IV. Paradigms of Chance
I. Chance vs. Contingency Chance (Contingency/Chance) and contingency are among the theologically significant constructs of conceptual history. The word
contingency derives from Lat.
contingere (translating συμβαίνειν/
symbainein or ¶ ένδέχεσϑαι/
endechesthai, first used by Marius Victorinus);
chance derives through Old French from Lat.
cadere, “fall/befall” and
accidere/accidentia, with the German loan-translation
Zufall first used by the German mystics (
DWb 16, 354) (Mysticism), especially for something that just happens, that is experienced involuntarily and is ultimately brought about or permitted by God (H. Suso). Since
accident derives from συμβεβηκός/
symbebēkós, the Greek etymology provides no way to distinguish between contingency and chance (…