Collected Courses of the Hague Academy of International Law

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L’extinction et la suspension des traités (Volume 134)

(79,358 words)

Author(s): Capotorti, Francesco
Capotorti, Francesco Keywords: Treaties | Extinction | Mots clefs: Traités | Extinction | ABSTRACT In order to examine the subject of Termination and Suspension of Treaties, Francesco Capotorti relies essentially on the rules of the Convention, without neglecting or indicating, gradually, in which relationship they exist with the unwritten ordinary-law arrangement, or taking into considering a few problems shelved by the Vienna invention. The author successively studies the general problems of termination and…

The Interaction between Customary International Law and Treaties (Volume 322)

(72,359 words)

Author(s): Dinstein, Yoram
Dinstein, Yoram Keywords: Treaties | International customary law | Law of treaties | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit coutumier international | Droit des traités | ABSTRACT Yoram Dinstein, Professor emeritus of the University of Tel Aviv, reminds us that Article 38 of the Statute of the International Court of Justice prescribes three strata – often referred to as "sources" – of international law. This study is confined to the interaction between two of those strata, namely treaties and customs, and does not deal with the gene…

Les droits de l’enfant dans les conventions internationales et les solutions retenues dans les pays arabo-musulmans (Volume 268)

(110,247 words)

Author(s): Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak
Moulay Rchid, Abderrazak Keywords: Arab States | Children | Rights | Treaties | Islam | Islamic law | Mots clefs: Pays arabes | Enfants | Droits | Traités | Islam | ABSTRACT This course of Moulay Rchid, Professor at the University of Rabat, deals with the relation, the exchange, the ambiguity or the conflict between authenticity and modernity, between traditional Moslem law and positive law, between the law and the facts. The rights of the child in the international conventions and the solutions that have been adopted in the A…

Legal Dimensions of Arms Control Agreements An Introductory Overview (Volume 377)

(57,507 words)

Author(s): Tuzmukhamedov, Bakhtiyar
Tuzmukhamedov, Bakhtiyar Keywords: Arms control | Weapons of mass destruction | Conventional weapons | International agreements | Treaties | International peace and security | Mots clefs: ABSTRACT In this course, Bakhtiyar Tuzmukhamedov intends to acquaint students with the regulation of arms control and disarmament processes, specificity of development of regulatory norms, and with negotiating bodies and other forums where those norms are deliberated and crafted. After a survey of early attempts to limit armaments and in…

Des conflits entre principes abstraits et stipulations conventionnelles (Volume 48)

(25,324 words)

Author(s): Ray, Jean
Ray, Jean Keywords: Treaties | Public international law | Revision | Mots clefs: Traités | Droit international public | Révision | ABSTRACT History and especially the history of our time, presents to us a large number of cases in which certain clauses of treaties have been attacked, by a State related by them, in the name of certain principles of international law. In order to study this issue, Jean Ray starts with a study of certain diplomatic procedures related to the Oriental issue. He then studies a few affairs b…

La codification par traités en droit international privé dans le cadre de la Conférence de La Haye (Volume 122)

(30,182 words)

Author(s): H. Van Hoogstraten, M.
H. Van Hoogstraten, M. Keywords: Hague Conference on Private International Law | Private international law | Codification | Treaties | Mots clefs: Conférence de La Haye de droit international privé | Droit international privé | Codification | Traités | ABSTRACT The Hague Conference of Private International Law aims at working for the progressive unification of the rules of private international law (art.1 of the Statute). Just like the other international organizations, the Conference seeks to accomplish its task by concluding interna…

Les accords régionaux et le droit international (Volume 71)

(35,385 words)

Author(s): M. Yepes, J.
M. Yepes, J. Keywords: Regionalism | Treaties | Mots clefs: Régionalisme | Traités | ABSTRACT When one of the founders of international law, Hugo Grotius, has written that very often the law of nations of one of the parties of the world is not that of others, he has only expressed an axiom which is daily confirmed by history, notes J.M. Yepes. Here is the axiom: there is an international law which is universal, necessary and common to all the civilized people; but besides this universal law, there are specific…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 146)

(44,411 words)

Author(s): M. Ruda, J.
M. Ruda, J. Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT J. M. Ruda points out in the introduction to his course that the question of reservations to multilateral treaties has been one of the most controversial subjects of contemporary international law. The author aims in his course to show how the international law has to change for dealing with this issue, and aims to confirm that law is not and should never be an end in itself, but only a mode of regulating society or a com…

The Juridical Clauses of the Peace Treaties (Volume 73)

(41,078 words)

Author(s): G. Fitzmaurice, G.
G. Fitzmaurice, G. Keywords: World War II | Peace | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerre mondiale de 1939 | Paix | Traités | ABSTRACT In his course on the Judicial Clauses of the Peace Treaties, G.G. Fitzmaurice refers to the peace treaties as the treaties signed with Italy, Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, and Finland and entered into force in 1947. After an introduction devoted to the peace treaties, the author examines the territorial clauses, the political clauses, the military clauses, economic clauses, financial clauses, and commercial clauses of the peace treaties. Dans son cours sur les …

Self-Executing and Non-Self-Executing Treaties in National and International Law (Volume 235)

(36,931 words)

Author(s): Buergenthal, Thomas
Buergenthal, Thomas Keywords: Treaties | Direct effect | International law and domestic law | Mots clefs: Traités | Applicabilité directe | Droit international et droit interne | ABSTRACT In this course, the author focuses on the international law aspect of the concept of self-executing treaties. He does so by analyzing the international law rules that determine what obligations States have to implement treaties on the domestic plane and the extent to which States are required to allow individuals to invoke the specific pr…

Les effets de la guerre sur les traités (Volume 59)

(18,426 words)

Author(s): D. Mc Nair, Arnold
D. Mc Nair, Arnold Keywords: Wars | Treaties | Mots clefs: Guerres | Traités | ABSTRACT Arnold Mc Nair proposes to dedicate his course to the research and collection of materials in the form of judgments and diplomatic controversies rather than the discussion of theories. After a historical overview and preliminary observations, he thus successively studies the different categories of treaties which can, besides, overlap: the treaties relating to permanent laws, the treaties conferring rights of extraterritoria…

Reservations to Treaties (Volume 103)

(36,513 words)

Author(s): W. Bishop, Jr., William
W. Bishop, Jr., William Keywords: Reservations | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réserves | Traités | ABSTRACT William Bishop devotes his course to Reservations to Treaties. After a definition of the concept of reservations in the introduction, the author examines the practice concerning acceptance of reservations in bilateral treaties and multilateral treaties. He also focuses on the distinction between reservation, interpretation, and declaration. He discusses the question of the reservation clauses, and then presents…

L’interprétation des traités d’après la Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Volume 151)

(37,149 words)

Author(s): Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa
Kamil Yasseen, Mustafa Keywords: Treaties | Interpretation | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Traités | Interprétation | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT Mustafa Kamil Yasseen begins his course on the Interpretation of Treaties under the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, which has not yet entered into force at the time of writing this course, with a presentation of the general rule of interpretation, Article 31 of the Convention (good wil…

The Evolution of Sustainable Development in International Law : Inception, Meaning and Status (Volume 329)

(68,497 words)

Author(s): Schrijver, Nico
Schrijver, Nico Keywords: Sustainable development | Legal concept | Treaties | Legal principles | Public international law | Mots clefs: Développement durable | ABSTRACT Nico Schrijver, Professor at the VU University Amsterdam, assigns a triple aim to his course. First, he intends to study about the genesis of the law of sustainable development and to clarify the meaning of this concept, while evaluating the status within the public international law. Then, he proceeds to the examination of the legal principles which e…

Le problème des effets des traités a l’égard des États tiers (Volume 143)

(55,671 words)

Author(s): Cahier, Philippe
Cahier, Philippe Keywords: Third states | Treaties | Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969) | Mots clefs: Pays tiers | Traités | Convention de Vienne sur le droit des traités (Vienne, 23 mai 1969) | ABSTRACT In many cases, argues Philippe Cahier, it is only seemingly that a treaty produces the effects with regard to third parties. In reality, the rights and obligations are the result of the application of a norm of general international law or the consent of the State when one examines the root of the problem. T…

Les conventions conclues entre les pays socialistes sur le droit civil international et le droit international de la famille (Volume 144)

(26,979 words)

Author(s): Sosniak, Mieczyslaw
Sosniak, Mieczyslaw Keywords: Socialist countries | Civil law | International law | Treaties | Family law | Private international law | Mots clefs: Pays socialistes | Droit civil | Droit international | Traités | Droit de la famille | Droit international privé | ABSTRACT Since the objective of the Socialist States is to correlate and harmonize the principles of their legal relations, they have not, however, decided to harmonize all the principles in all the concerned countries, even though, on the ground of the Socialist bloc, many agreem…

Droit et technique des traités de commerce (Volume 3)

(72,598 words)

Author(s): Bon Boris Nolde, le
Bon Boris Nolde, le Keywords: International trade | Treaties | Mots clefs: Commerce international | Traités | ABSTRACT Boris Nolde begins his course on the Law and the Technique of Commercial Treaties with a history of commercial treaties, from the Middle Ages to Post First World War period. The author then studies the form of commercial treaties and the contracting parties in commercial treaties. The author also focuses on customs territories, the merchant, freedom of trade, conventional customs tariffs, the mos…

La notion de réciprocité dans les traités diplomatiques de droit international privé (Volume 52)

(40,493 words)

Author(s): Niboyet, J.-P.
Niboyet, J.-P. Keywords: Reciprocity | Legal principles | Private international law | Treaties | Mots clefs: Réciprocité | Principes généraux du droit | Droit international privé | Traités | ABSTRACT The theme developed by J.-P. Niboyet in his course is the relations that exist or rather should exist between the general principles of civil law and the treaties which are, after all, just the contracts between the States. After outlining a few general considerations, the author examines the patterns of diplomatic reciprocity, …

The North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 (Volume 79)

(19,146 words)

Author(s): L. Goodhart, A.
L. Goodhart, A. Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organization | Treaties | Mots clefs: Organisation du Traité de l Atlantique Nord | Traité | ABSTRACT A. L. Goodhart writes in the introduction to his 1951 course that there is no doubt that the North Atlantic Treaty of 1949 is, from a practical point of view, the most important international agreement since the creation of the United Nations. The North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) was established and substantial investments have already been spent on the implement…

The Enforcement of Treaties by a Federal State (Volume 141)

(29,186 words)

Author(s): T. Oliver, Covey
T. Oliver, Covey Keywords: Federal states | Treaties | Enforcement | Mots clefs: Etats fédéraux | Traités | Exécution | ABSTRACT The subject of Covey T. Oliver`s course is the description and analysis of the public law of federal states with regard to the enforcement in domestic law of treaties in the light of the requirements and expectations of public international law and the practice of international relations. The author focuses on the importance of the enforcement of treaties by federal states, the essence of …
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