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Müller, Adam Heinrich

(375 words)

Author(s): Bendrath, Christian
[German Version] (ennobled in 1826 as Ritter v. Nittersdorff; Jun 20, 1779, Berlin – Jan 17, 1829, Vienna), Romantic political philosopher in the period of the Restoration, converted to Catholicism in 1805. He studied law at Göttingen from 1798 to 1801. Influenced by Friedrich Gentz, the translator of E. Burke, and the historical school of jurisprudence, he became a critic of the French Revolution and the Enlightenment idea of nature. Between 1803 and 1809, while working as a tutor and private sch…

Leese, Kurt

(389 words)

Author(s): Bendrath, Christian
[German Version] (Jul 6, 1887, Gollnow [Goleniów], Pomerania – Jan 6, 1965, Hamburg), Protestant theologian and philosopher of religion; friend of Paul Tillich. From 1906 to 1910 Leese studied theology at Bethel, Rostock, Strasbourg, and Berlin, where in 1910 he passed his first examination in theology and in 1912 his second. In 1912 he also received his Lic.theol. from Kiel. From 1912 to 1932 he served as pastor in Danzig (Gdansk), Berlin, and Hamburg, with a military chaplaincy during the war. I…

Rautenberg, Johann Wilhelm

(174 words)

Author(s): Bendrath, Christian
[German Version] (Mar 1, 1791, Moorfleth near Hamburg – Mar 1, 1865, Hamburg); between 1820 and 1865 pastor at Sankt Georg (Hamburg); an outstanding preacher, hymn writer, and source of ideas for J.H. Wichern’s Inland Mission. Rautenberg’s revival piety developed during his theological studies. He studied from 1813 to 1816 in Kiel under A. Twesten, and from 1816 to 1817 in Berlin under F.D.E. Schleiermacher and A. Neander. In 1817 he took the regional church examination in Hamburg. In 1825, togeth…