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Pleistarchus

(386 words)

Author(s): Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Hülden, Oliver (Tübingen)
(Πλείσταρχος/ Pleístarchos). [German version] [1] King of Sparta (5th cent. BC) King of Sparta, of the house of the Agiads; still not of age at the death of his father Leonidas [1], fallen at Thermopylae in 480 BC; P.' cousin Pausanias [1], who commanded the Greek forces at Plataeae in 479 BC, thus became regent (Hdt. 9,10,2; Thuc. 1,132,1; Paus. 3,4,9; Plut. Mor. 231c). Once of age, P. exercised the role of king for only a few years until his death in 458 BC (Paus. 3,5,1), making no political or military impression. Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) [German version] [2] Member of the Macedon…

Pleistarchos

(357 words)

Author(s): Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Hülden, Oliver (Tübingen)
(Πλείσταρχος). [English version] [1] Spartanischer König (5. Jh. v. Chr.) Spartanischer König aus dem Hause der Agiadai, war beim Tod seines Vaters Leonidas [1], der 480 v.Chr. an den Thermopylen fiel, noch unmündig, so daß sein Vetter Pausanias [1], 479 v.Chr. Befehlshaber der griech. Streitmacht bei Plat…

Tumulus

(4,351 words)

Author(s): Steimle, Christopher (Erfurt) | Hiesel, Gerhard (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | Hülden, Oliver (Tübingen) | Naso, Alessandro (Udine) | Et al.
(Latin 'hill', 'funerary mound', pl. tumuli; Greek τύμβος/ týmbos, σῆμα/ sêma; χῶμα/ chôma). I. Definition, distribution, function [German version] A. Definition Tumulusis a general term for a mound, as a rule artificial and usually round or oval in plan, associated with a burial ('burial mounds', as opposed, e.g., to prehistoric settlement mounds). Tumulus burial (‘mound burial’) describes all burials that have been covered by a mound. Tumulus is also used in archaeology as a technical term for burial mounds outsid…