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(607 words)

Author(s): Jung, Reinhard (Berlin)
[German version] This item can be found on the following maps: Aegean Koine | Mineral Resources Located on the east coast of the island of Crete, the Minoan settlement of Z. extended from the building of Ano Z. in the western hills to the bay with the harbour and the palace of Kato Z. It had been settled as early as the late Neolithic Period and the Prepalatial Period ( c. 2600-2000 BC, low chronology), as is indicated by finds on the cliffs of Kato Kastellas above the gorge of Z. and by Early Minoan burials in the caves of the so-called 'gorge of the dead'. In the Protopalatial Period ( c. 2000-1700 BC…

Macedonia, Macedones

(7,662 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Duridanov, Ludmil (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | von Mangoldt, Hans (Tübingen)
(Μακεδονία/ Makedonía, Μακεδόνες/ Makedónes, Lat. Macedonia, Macedones). [German version] I. Geography, economy, ethnogenesis The core territory of the ancient Macedonian state was in the plains immediately to the east and north of the Olympus mountain range. Beginning with the 7th cent. BC, the Macedones conquered from their capital Aegae [1] step by step Pieria (south of the lower Haliacmon), Bottiaea (between Haliacmon and Axius), Almopia, Mygdonia (located in lowlands of lake Bolbe), Crestonia (to the no…

Makedonia, Makedones

(6,640 words)

Author(s): Errington, Robert Malcolm (Marburg/Lahn) | Duridanov, Ludmil (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | von Mangoldt, Hans (Tübingen)
(Μακεδονία, Μακεδόνες, lat. Macedonia, Macedones). [English version] I. Geographie, Wirtschaft, Ethnogenese Kerngebiet des ant. maked. Staates bildeten die Ebenen unmittelbar östl. und nördl. des Olympos-Massivs. Von ihrer Hauptstadt Aigai [1] aus eroberten die Makedones vom 7. Jh.v.Chr. an nach und nach Pieria (südl. des unteren Haliakmon), Bottiaia (zwischen Haliakmon und Axios), Almopia, Mygdonia (im Becken des Bolbe-Sees), Krestonia (nördl. der Mygdonia), Anthemus (südl. der Mygdonia); später wurden di…


(4,351 words)

Author(s): Steimle, Christopher (Erfurt) | Hiesel, Gerhard (Freiburg) | Jung, Reinhard (Berlin) | Hülden, Oliver (Tübingen) | Naso, Alessandro (Udine) | Et al.
(Latin 'hill', 'funerary mound', pl. tumuli; Greek τύμβος/ týmbos, σῆμα/ sêma; χῶμα/ chôma). I. Definition, distribution, function [German version] A. Definition Tumulusis a general term for a mound, as a rule artificial and usually round or oval in plan, associated with a burial ('burial mounds', as opposed, e.g., to prehistoric settlement mounds). Tumulus burial (‘mound burial’) describes all burials that have been covered by a mound. Tumulus is also used in archaeology as a technical term for burial mounds outsid…