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(694 words)

Author(s): Pörtner, Regina
1. DefinitionThe term impeachment originated in medieval English law. Especially in Great Britain, the Republic of Ireland, and the United States, it denotes a parliamentary procedure for removing a member of the government or a high-ranking civil servant from office for a serious offense. In the United Kingdom, impeachment serves to initiate a formal hearing and investigation; actual removal from office requires a separate act of Parliament. By contrast, American federal law prescribes removal of …
Date: 2019-10-14

Estates, assembly of

(2,573 words)

Author(s): Pörtner, Regina | Brauneder, Wilhelm
1. European assemblies 1.1. TerminologyThe modern collective term assembly of the estates covers all the estatist representative bodies of Europe that were functionally comparable (Representation); among their varied tasks, support of the ruler through political counsel and military and financial assistance (providing  consilium and  auxilium) had a central place. Comparative studies of representative bodies in non-European societies suggest a causal connection between the emergence of such assemblies and the specifically European development of feudalism [13].The …
Date: 2019-10-14