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Clearchus

(1,254 words)

Author(s): Neudecker, Richard (Rome) | Welwei, Karl-Wilhelm (Bochum) | Schmitz, Winfried (Bielefeld) | Badian, Ernst (Cambridge, MA) | Hidber, Thomas (Berne) | Et al.
(Κλέαρχος; Kléarchos). [German version] [1] Bronze sculptor from Rhegion Bronze sculptor from Rhegion. Because of his statue of Zeus Hypatus in Sparta, a   sphyrelaton according to the description, C. was wrongly considered the inventor of bronze statues by Pausanias. According to tradition he was a student of  Dipoenus and Scyllis or of  Daedalus as well as the teacher of  Pythagoras and, therefore, was active in the 2nd half of the 6th cent. BC. Neudecker, Richard (Rome) Bibliography Overbeck No. 332f., 491 P. Romanelli, in: EAA 4, 365f. J. Papadopoulos, Xoana e sphyrelata, 1980, 82 F…

Boethus

(1,274 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Inwood, Brad (Toronto) | Stanzel, Karl-Heinz (Tübingen) | Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds) | Degani, Enzo (Bologna) | Et al.
(Βόηθος; Bóēthos). I. Political figures [German version] [1] Ptolemaean civil servant, 136/5 BC Son of Nicostratus from Caria; in the service of the Ptolemies well before 149 BC, he occupied various administrative positions before becoming epistrategos of Thebes. Founded two cities in Lower Nubia. Ameling, Walter (Jena) Bibliography K. Vandorpe, Der früheste Beleg eines Strategen der Thebais als Epistrategen, in: ZPE 73, 1988, 47-50. II. Philosophers and writers [German version] [2] Of Sidon Stoic Philosopher, 2nd cent. BC Stoic philosopher of the 2nd cent. BC; he wrote…

Herminus

(119 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] (Ἑρμῖνος; Hermînos). Peripatetic of the 2nd cent. AD, student of  Aspasius [1] whose view on the movement of the stars he quoted, and teacher of  Alexander [26] of Aphrodisias. Fragments of his commentaries on Aristotle's Categoriae, Analytica Priora, De interpretatione and Topica, and two comments on De Caelo are extant. His assumption that the eternity of the movements of the stars was caused by a heavenly soul probably goes back to Aristotle (Cael. 2,12).  Aristotle, commentators on;  Aristotelianism Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds) Bibliography H. Schmidt, De H. Pe…

Peripatos

(484 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] (Περίπατος; Perípatos). The name of the school founded by the disciples of Aristotle (Aristoteles [6]) to carry on his teachings and research. Since Aristotle, as a metic (Metoikos), was not allowed to own land in Athens, his lectures and scientific work must have taken place on rented premises. Only after his disciple Demetrius [4] of Phalerum had taken over the government of Athens in 317 BC on behalf of the Macedonian supremacy (Alexander [4]) was Theophrastus able to purchase a…

Sosigenes

(297 words)

Author(s): Ameling, Walter (Jena) | Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen) | Hübner, Wolfgang (Münster) | Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
(Σωσιγένης; Sōsigénēs). [German version] [1] S. of Caunus is attested as oikonómos of Ptolemaeus [1] I in Lycia (SEG 27,929, Limyra) in 288/7 BC. Ameling, Walter (Jena) [German version] [2] Comedy writer, 2nd cent. BC Comedy writer, only attested epigraphically as a participant of the Attic Dionysiac agon in 157 BC, where he took sixth place with the play Λυτρούμενος ( Lytroúmenos, 'The ransomed man'). Nesselrath, Heinz-Günther (Göttingen) Bibliography 1 PCG VII, 1989, 603. [German version] [3] Astronomer, computed the Julian calendar for Caesar Astronomer charged by Caesar w…

Praxiphanes

(196 words)

Author(s): Gottschalk, Hans (Leeds)
[German version] (Πραξιφάνης; Praxiphánēs). Peripatetic philosopher of the 4th/3rd cents. BC, son of Dionysophanes, disciple of Theophrastus. P. was born in Mytilene, but later resettled in Rhodes. A decree from Delos, in which he is honoured as an euergétēs ('benefactor') and próxenos ('public guest') (fr. 4 Wehrli), is dated to around 260; hence his birth can hardly have been before 330. A report according to which Epicurus was his disciple (fr. 5 Wehrli) is certainly incorrect. Very little is recorded of P.' doctrines. One doxographic note says that his teachings re…
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